The Art and Science of Design Management

Author: Steven Chen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319785680

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 233

View: 2888

This book examines how to optimize design management processes in order to produce innovation within organizations. It first looks at how to harvest a culture of design and then examines topics specific to product and service design. Individual chapters provide anecdotes drawn from leading design-oriented firms, and best practices based on cutting-edge, scientific research. This book's unique blend of theory and application will offer students, scholars, and managers valuable insight on how organizations can revolutionize their design processes and leverage their approach to create groundbreaking products and services.
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Author: Francisco Parra-Luna

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 1848262035

Category:

Page: 502

View: 9208

The subject “Systems sciences and cybernetics” is the outcome of the convergence of a number of trends in a larger current of thought devoted to the growing complexity of (primarily social) objects and arising in response to the need for globalized treatment of such objects. This has been magnified by the proliferation and publication of all manner of quantitative scientific data on such objects, advances in the theories on their inter-relations, the enormous computational capacity provided by IT hardware and software and the critical revisiting of subject-object interaction, not to mention the urgent need to control the efficiency of complex systems, where “efficiency” is understood to mean the ability to find a solution to many social problems, including those posed on a planetary scale. The result has been the forging of a new, academically consolidated scientific trend going by the name of Systems Theory and Cybernetics, with a comprehensive, multi-disciplinary focus and therefore apt for understanding realities still regarded to be inescapably chaotic. This subject entry is subdivided into four sections. The first, an introduction to systemic theories, addresses the historic development of the most commonly used systemic approaches, from new concepts such as the so-called “geometry of thinking” or the systemic treatment of “non-systemic identities” to the taxonomic, entropic, axiological and ethical problems deriving from a general “systemic-cybernetic” conceit. Hence, the focus in this section is on the historic and philosophical aspects of the subject. Moreover, it may be asserted today that, beyond a shadow of a doubt, problems, in particular problems deriving from human interaction but in general any problem regardless of its nature, must be posed from a systemic perspective, for otherwise the obstacles to their solution are insurmountable. Reaching such a perspective requires taking at least the following well-known steps: a) statement of the problem from the determinant variables or phenomena; b) adoption of theoretical models showing the interrelationships among such variables; c) use of the maximum amount of – wherever possible quantitative – information available on each; d) placement of the set of variables in an environment that inevitably pre-determines the problem. That epistemology would explain the substantial development of the systemic-cybernetic approach in recent decades. The articles in the second section deal in particular with the different methodological approaches developed when confronting real problems, from issues that affect humanity as a whole to minor but specific questions arising in human organizations. Certain sub-themes are discussed by the various authors – always from a didactic vantage –, including: problem discovery and diagnosis and development of the respective critical theory; the design of ad hoc strategies and methodologies; the implementation of both qualitative (soft system methodologies) and formal and quantitative (such as the “General System Problem Solver” or the “axiological-operational” perspective) approaches; cross-disciplinary integration; and suitable methods for broaching psychological, cultural and socio-political dynamisms. The third section is devoted to cybernetics in the present dual meaning of the term: on the one hand, control of the effectiveness of communication and actions, and on the other, the processes of self-production of knowledge through reflection and the relationship between the observing subject and the observed object when the latter is also observer and the former observed. Known as “second order cybernetics”, this provides an avenue for rethinking the validity of knowledge, such as for instance when viewed through what is known as “bipolar feedback”: processes through which interactions create novelty, complexity and diversity. Finally, the fourth section centres around artificial and computational intelligence, addressing sub-themes such as “neural networks”, the “simulated annealing” that ranges from statistical thermodynamics to combinatory problem-solving, such as in the explanation of the role of adaptive systems, or when discussing the relationship between biological and computational intelligence.
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Methods, Interventions and Evaluation

Author: Jerry Finn,Dick Schoech

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317989090

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 400

View: 6506

There has been exponential growth in use of the Internet to deliver therapeutic and supportive human services. Online interventions are known by a variety of names, including online practice, e-therapy and others. All refer to the delivery of services over the Internet through a variety of delivery systems including asynchronous email, video and chat communication, and closed-circuit video conferencing. They include services delivered by professionals such as psychiatrists, social workers, psychologists, counsellors and nurses as well as self-help groups with a therapeutic purpose and supportive services provided by trained volunteers. This book presents the most current research on online practice. Topics include: descriptions of innovative online practice, evaluation studies of online practice with specific disorders, meta-analysis of the effectiveness of online practice, education and training of online practitioners, methods for the delivery of online practice, organizational policy and ethical issues related to online practice, online crisis intervention and hotline services, and considerations for meeting legal and ethical requirements of online practice. This book was originally published as a special issue of the Journal of Technology in Human Services.
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Standard Handbook of Machine Design

Author: The McGraw-Hill Companies

Publisher: Bukupedia

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1716

View: 2730

To the late Joseph Edward Shigley Joseph Edward Shigley was awarded bachelor degrees in electrical (1931) and mechanical (1932) engineering by Purdue University, and a master of science in engineering mechanics (1946) by The University of Michigan. His career in engineering education began at Clemson College (1936-1956) and continued at The University of Michigan (1956-1978). Upon retirement, he was named Professor Emeritus of Mechanical Engineering by the Regents in recognition of his outstanding achievement and dedicated service. At the time when Professor Shigley began thinking about his first book on machine design, many designers were unschooled, and textbooks tended to give results with only a brief explanation—they did not offer the reader many tools with which to proceed in other or new directions. Professor Shigley's first book, Machine Design (1956), showed his attention to learning and understanding. That milestone book is currently in its fifth edition. Other books followed, among which are Theory of Machines and Mechanisms (with John J. Uicker, Jr.), Mechanical Engineering Design (with Charles R. Mischke), and Applied Mechanics of Materials. Early in the 1980s, Professor Shigley called Professor Mischke and said, "I've never done a Handbook before; there is no precedent in machine design, and it is time there was one. I propose we do it together. Take a couple of months to consider what ought to be in it, the organization and presentation style. Then we can get together and compare notes." The result was the first edition of the Standard Handbook of Machine Design (1986), which won the Association of American Publishers Award for the best book in engineering and technology published in 1986. Eight Mechanical Designers Workbooks followed. Professor Shigley received recognitions such as the grade of Fellow in the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, from which he also received the Mechanisms Committee Award in 1974, the Worcester Reed Warner Medal in 1977, and the Machine Design Award in 1985. I believe he would have given up all the above rather than give up the effect he had as mentor and tutor to students, and in guiding boys toward manhood as a scoutmaster. He indeed made a difference. Charles R. Mischke PREFACE TO THE SECOND EDITION The introduction of new materials, new processes, and new (or more refined) analytical tools and approaches changes the way in which machines are designed. Complementary to the urge to update and improve, it is useful to look back in order to retain a perspective and appreciate how all this fits into the fabric of machine design methodology. Many of the machine elements we know today were known to the ancients. We have the advantage of improved materials, better manufacturing methods, and finer geometric control, as well as insightful theory and the opportunity to stand on the shoulders of the giants among our predecessors. Assuring the integrity of a contemplated design, its components, and the aggregate machine or mechanism has always been a problem for the engineer. The methods of record include the following: • The Roman method This method, developed in the Macedonia-Roman period, was to replicate a proven, durable design (with some peripheral improvements). Encyclopedic "books" were compiled for the guidance of designers. In strengthlimited designs, the essential thought was, "Don't lean on your element any harder than was done in the durable, extant designs of the past." There are times when contemporary engineers still employ this method. • The factor of safety method (of Philon of Byzantium) In today's terms, one might express this idea as loss-of-function load strength n = : —— = impressed load stress for linear load-stress relations. Alternatively, loss-of-function load Allowable load = n or AA lIlI owabuil e s^t ress = strength n for linear load-stress relations. The factor of safety or design factor was experiential and came to consider uncertainty in load as well as in strength. • The permissible stress method Since the concept of stress was introduced by Cauchy in 1822, some engineers have used the idea of permissible stress with load uncertainty considered, and later with the relevant material strength included, as for example in 0.405, < (aall)bending < 0.605, It is not clear whether the material strength uncertainty is included or not. When the word "allowable" or "permissible" is used among engineers, it is important to clearly define what is, and what is not, included. • Allowable stress by design factor The definition of allowable stress oan is expressed as strength °all = ~^n n
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How to solve big problems and sell solutions like top strategy consultants

Author: Bernard Garrette,Corey Phelps,Olivier Sibony

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319893750

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 284

View: 5621

Solving complex problems and selling their solutions is critical for personal and organizational success. For most of us, however, it doesn’t come naturally and we haven’t been taught how to do it well. Research shows a host of pitfalls trips us up when we try: We’re quick to believe we understand a situation and jump to a flawed solution. We seek to confirm our hypotheses and ignore conflicting evidence. We view challenges incompletely through the frameworks we know instead of with a fresh pair of eyes. And when we communicate our recommendations, we forget our reasoning isn’t obvious to our audience. How can we do it better? In Cracked It!, seasoned strategy professors and consultants Bernard Garrette, Corey Phelps and Olivier Sibony present a rigorous and practical four-step approach to overcome these pitfalls. Building on tried-and-tested (but rarely revealed) methods of top strategy consultants, research in cognitive psychology, and the latest advances in design thinking, they provide a step-by-step process and toolkit that will help readers tackle any challenging business problem. Using compelling stories and detailed case examples, the authors guide readers through each step in the process: from how to state, structure and then solve problems to how to sell the solutions. Written in an engaging style by a trio of experts with decades of experience researching, teaching and consulting on complex business problems, this book will be an indispensable manual for anyone interested in creating value by helping their organizations crack the problems that matter most.
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The design of directives in action

Author: Marja-Leena Sorjonen,Liisa Raevaara,Elizabeth Couper-Kuhlen

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9027265526

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 435

View: 1529

In middle-class Anglo-speaking circles imperatives are considered impolite forms that command another to do something; etiquette manuals recommend avoiding them. The papers in this collection de-construct such lay beliefs. Through the empirical examination of everyday and institutional interaction across a range of languages, they show that imperatives are routinely used for constructing turns that further sociality in interactional situations. Moreover, they show that for understanding the use of an imperatively formatted turn, its specific design (whether it contains, e.g., an overt subject, object, modal particles, or diminutives), and its sequential and temporal positioning in verbal and embodied activities are crucial. The fact that the same type of imperative turn is appropriate under the same circumstances across linguistically diverse cultures suggests that there are common aspects of imperative turn design and common pragmatic dimensions of situations warranting their use. The volume provides new insights into the resources and processes involved when social actors try to get another to do something.
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Author: Norman Skene

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3954271451

Category:

Page: 100

View: 8785

This book from 1905 was intended to be a concise and practical presentation of the processes involved in designing a classic yacht of these times. This handbook was thoroughly intended to be practical in character, all mathermatics and theoretical presentations having been eleminated as far as possible, so that the operations may readily be grasped by men without technical education.A special feature of this book is the series of curves for determining the proportions of sailing yachts of various sizes.The different operations involved in designing a sailing yacht are illustrated in the text by work on the 30-foot water line sloop whose plans are given in full. The complete data on this design is also given in the appendix.
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energy and technology in architecture

Author: Ralph W. Crump,Martin J. Harms

Publisher: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 184

View: 2141

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Author: Kingston Heath

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136433570

Category: Architecture

Page: 216

View: 449

Sustainable design requires that design practitioners respond to a particular set of social, cultural and environmental conditions. 'Vernacular Architecture and Regional Design' defines a set of strategies for understanding the complexities of a regional setting. Through a series of international case studies, it examines how architects and designers have applied a variety of tactics to achieve culturally and environmentally appropriate design solutions. • Shows that architecture and design are inextricably linked to social and environmental processes, and are not just technical or aesthetic exercises. • Articulates a variety of methods to realise goals of socially responsible and environmentally responsive design. • Calls for a principled approach to design in an effort to preserve fragile environments and forge sustainable best practice. 'Vernacular Architecture and Regional Design' will appeal to educators and professional practitioners in the fields of architecture, heritage conservation and urban design. Dr. Kingston Wm. Heath is Professor and Director of the Historic Preservation Program at the University of Oregon. Previously he was Professor of Architecture at the University of North Carolina, Charlotte where he taught seminars on vernacular architecture and regional design theory. He holds graduate degrees from the University of Chicago and Brown University. In addition to numerous articles in scholarly journals, he is the author of Patina of Place, and winner of the Abbott Lowell Cummings Award from The Vernacular Architecture Forum for excellence in a scholarly work. He has earned an international reputation in the field of vernacular architecture and has directed field schools in Italy and Croatia.
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Author: Lihui Wang,Fengfeng Xi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781848001473

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 390

View: 885

This book presents a collection of quality chapters on the state-of-the-art of research efforts in the area of smart devices and novel machine design, as well as their practical applications to enable advanced manufacturing. The first section presents a broad-based review of several key areas of research in smart devices and machines. The second section is focused on presenting an in-depth treatment of a particular device or machine. The book will be of interest to a broad readership.
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Driving Superior Returns on Marketing Investments

Author: Michael Dunn

Publisher: John Wiley and Sons

ISBN: 9780470443811

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 464

View: 6826

Making accountable marketing decisions to improve the efficiency of spending In this practical guide, Prophet CEO Michael Dunn teams up with marketing effectiveness expert Chris Halsall to help marketing managers and CMOs make better marketing spending decisions and better evaluate the success or failure of these decisions. They show how to sort through the clutter of metrics, measurement, and analytic options, and provide the practical information needed to help establish the marketing accountability imperative--highlighting the critical need for more effective stewardship of marketing spending.
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Author: Paul Tymkow,Savvas Tassou,Maria Kolokotroni,Hussam Jouhara

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136893652

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 378

View: 4160

The role and influence of building services engineers is undergoing rapid change and is pivotal to achieving low-carbon buildings. However, textbooks in the field have largely focused on the detailed technicalities of HVAC systems, often with little wider context. This book addresses that need by embracing a contemporary understanding of energy efficiency imperatives, together with a strategic approach to the key design issues impacting upon carbon performance, in a concise manner. The key conceptual design issues for planning the principal systems that influence energy efficiency are examined in detail. In addition, the following issues are addressed in turn: Background issues for sustainability and the design process Developing a strategic approach to energy-efficient design How to undertake load assessments System comparison and selection Space planning for services Post-occupancy evaluation of completed building services In order to deliver sustainable buildings, a new perspective is needed amongst building and services engineering designers, from the outset of the conceptual design stage and throughout the whole design process. In this book, students and practitioners alike will find the ideal introduction to this new approach.
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Author: Editors of Time Out

Publisher: Time Out Guides

ISBN: 1846703530

Category: Travel

Page: 336

View: 5949

Time Out Las Vegas is the only crib sheet travelers need to the world's most outlandish city. Whether going for a short or extended visit, this guide is an invaluable companion through the neon maze that awaits in Las Vegas. With the lowdown on all the hotels and casinos, money-saving tips, extensive restaurant reviews, hints on the hottest nightlife, and a full guide to gambling, it leaves nothing to chance. This seventh edition proves that there is more to Sin City than just sequins and slots — the dramatic expansion in hotel accommodations, fine dining, and shopping is attracting tourists from every economic strata, not just those with gambling as their sole agenda. The guide contains a detailed explanation of what games are available in the casinos, as well as tips on how to play them. There is also a chapter on suggested side trips to Hoover Dam, as well as other sights in Nevada and Arizona.
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Author: Stanley Port

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1468466054

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 228

View: 6184

In the era of Information Technology, the computer is the machine-tool. Designers and planners are information workers and many have turned to CAD technology, hoping to find something that will ensure survival in the increasingly competitive business climate. The new problem relates not to any limitations of systems, but to the lack of knowledge on how to implement, manage and control the CAD technology. This book is aimed at design professionals, planners and managers. Although references and examples relate to building and construction work, most of the principles are unlikely to differ whatever the application. As a result, it should be useful in the fields of mechanical engineering and manufacturing industry too. Chapter 13 deals with applications in construction planning, space planning and facilities management. Emphasis throughout is on people, responsibilities, applications, organisation and procedures. The design process is highly interactive. Manual drawing, or use of a computer drafting system to mimic this, inevitably leads to inconsistencies within in the design information. Computer modelling of projects presents better opportunities and the many techniques range from 2-D modelling to solid modelling. A blend of 2-D and 3-D methods to suit the application is essential today. System planning itself requires a carefully managed feasibility study comprising preliminary and detailed phases. Objectives and requirements of the office must be set down. Then there is something to compare the available systems with. The chosen system must be capable of evolving to meet an ever-changing future.
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A Re-evaluation of Education in Architecture

Author: Susan Roaf,Andrew Bairstow

Publisher: WIT Press

ISBN: 1845642066

Category: Architecture

Page: 448

View: 9946

50 years after the first Oxford Conference on Architectural Education, the 2008 conference brought together over 500 people from 42 countries to share best practice, discuss how, when, where and why we teach architecture now and in the future.
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Author: Michael Wigginton,Jude Harris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136394850

Category: Architecture

Page: 184

View: 6586

Looking to the future, Intelligent Skins sets out the principles for the design of the intelligent building envelope. It highlights an exciting new approach to the area, where the fabric of the building responds to external changes and internal demands. The prime objective is to control internal environments through a responsive building fabric rather than by energy consuming building services systems. The authors examine the potential for integral intelligence within the fabric of the building and explore the evolution of information technology and smart materials which have allowed a whole new category of design principles to be created.
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Author: Eugene Zeller

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780756706272

Category:

Page: 400

View: 1934

This document from the National Earthquake Hazards Reduction Program (NEHRP) was prepared for the Building Seismic Safety Council (BSSC) with funding from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). It provides commentary on the NEHRP Guidelines for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings. It contains systematic guidance enabling design professionals to formulate effective & reliable rehabilitation approaches that will limit the expected earthquake damage to a specified range for a specified level of ground shaking. This kind of guidance applicable to all types of existing buildings & in all parts of the country has never existed before. Illustrated.
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