An Introduction for Geologists
Author: Roberto Lanza,Antonio Meloni
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Initially, this book reviews the general characteristics of the Earth’s magnetic field and the magnetic properties of minerals, and then proceeds to introduce the multifold applications of geomagnetism in earth sciences. The authors analyze the contribution of geomagnetism both in more general geological fields, such as tectonics and geodynamics, and in applied ones, such as prospecting and pollution. Primarily, the book is aimed at undergraduate geology or geophysics students. It is geared to provide them with a general overview of geomagnetism, allowing them to understand what contributions this branch of science can offer in the more special sectors of earth sciences. Graduate students and geology researchers will also benefit from it, as it enables them to gain a clear and concise image of the techniques which can be applied in their areas of specialization.
An Introduction to Geological Geophysics
Author: Alan E. Mussett,M. Aftab Khan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Comprehensively describes the principles and applications of 'global' and 'exploration' geophysics for introductory/intermediate university students.
Author: Clarence A. Hall Jr.
Publisher: Univ of California Press
With its active fault systems, complex landforms, and myriad natural habitats, southern California boasts a rich and dynamic geologic environment. This abundantly illustrated volume at last provides an up-to-date, authoritative, and accessible resource for students and general readers interested in southern California's geology and native plants. Covering an extensive area, north from San Diego to Yosemite in the Sierra Nevada and east to the Mojave and Colorado deserts, its unique, comprehensive approach brings together for the first time the basic principles of geology, the story of plate tectonics, in-depth discussion of the geology of many specific locales within the region, and information on identifying southern California's native plants.
An Introduction to Geologic Change
Author: Sheldon Judson,Steven McAfee Richardson
This is a core text for a first course in geology. Two outstanding educators present the basics of solid earth geology through the organizational concept of change.
Laboratory Practice and Geological Theory at the Beginning of Geology
Author: Sally Newcomb
Publisher: Geological Society of America
Geology coalesced as a discipline in the early part of the nineteenth century, with the coming together of many strands of investigation and thought. The theme of experimentation and/or instrument-aided observation is absent from most recent accounts of that time, which rely on an admixture of theory and field observations, informed by close examination of minerals. James Hutton emerged as the person who had it right with suggestion of a central heat source for Earth, while Abraham Gottlob Werner and his Neptunist supporters were derided as being blinded by overarching belief, as opposed to sober application of observed facts. However, despite several claims that Hutton had won the day, primary literature from both England and the Continent reveals that the question was by no means settled for decades after Hutton derided information derived from "looking into a little crucible." This Special Paper makes the case that it was just those parameters of heat, pressure, solution, and composition discovered in the laboratory that prevented resolution of the overriding questions about rock origin.
Author: David Rothery
Publisher: Hachette UK
Written by David Rothery, who is Professor of Planetary Geosciences at the Open University, Geology: A Complete Introduction is designed to give you everything you need to succeed, all in one place. It covers the key areas that students are expected to be confident in, outlining the basics in clear English, and then providing added-value features like a glossary of the essential jargon terms, links to useful websites, and even examples of questions you might be asked in a seminar or exam. The book uses a structure chosen to cover the essentials of most school and university courses on Geology. Topics covered include the Earth's structure, earthquakes, plate tectonics, volcanoes, igneous intrusions, metamorphism, weathering, erosion, deposition, deformation, physical resources, past life and fossils, the history of the Earth, Solar System geology, and geological fieldwork. There are useful appendices of minerals, rock names and geological time.
Author: Lutgens, Frederick K,Tarbuck, Edward J,Tsujita, Cameron J. (Cameron James),Dennis Tasa
Publisher: Prentice Hall
To understand timely issues such as natural disasters and environmental challenges-and to evaluate solutions to related problems-the average citizen needs a basic awareness of the scientific principles that influence our planet. This trusted book makes an often-complex subject accessible to readers with a strong focus on readability and illustrations. Offers a meaningful, non-technical survey that is informative and up to date for learning basic principles and concepts. Includes a revised and expanded GEODe Earth CD-ROM. Updates and revises art and illustrations to include dozens of new high-quality, photographs carefully selected to aid understanding and add realism. Provides a wealth of new special-interest boxes, including "Earth as a System," "People and the Environment," and "Understanding Earth." A useful reference for anyone interested in learning more about Earth's geology.
Principles and Applications of Enviromagnetics
Author: Michael Edwin Evans,Friedrich Heller
Publisher: Academic Press
Magnetism is important in environmental studies for several reasons, the two most fundamental being that most substances exhibit some form of magnetic behavior, and that iron is one of the most common elements in the Earth's crust. Once sequestered in a suitable material, magnetic particles constitute a natural archive of conditions existing in former times. Magnetism provides a tracer of paleo-climatic and paleo-environmental conditions and processes. Environmental Magnetism details the occurrence and uses of magnetic materials in the natural environment. The first half of the volume describes the basic principles. The second half discusses the applications of magnetic measurements in various environmental settings on land, in lakes, in the ocean, and even various biological organisms. * Material is broadly applicable to environmental studies * Case histories illustrate key points * Extensive bibliography makes further research quick and easy
Author: Harsh Gupta
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
The past few decades have witnessed the growth of the Earth Sciences in the pursuit of knowledge and understanding of the planet that we live on. This development addresses the challenging endeavor to enrich human lives with the bounties of Nature as well as to preserve the planet for the generations to come. Solid Earth Geophysics aspires to define and quantify the internal structure and processes of the Earth in terms of the principles of physics and forms the intrinsic framework, which other allied disciplines utilize for more specific investigations. The first edition of the Encyclopedia of Solid Earth Geophysics was published in 1989 by Van Nostrand Reinhold publishing company. More than two decades later, this new volume, edited by Prof. Harsh K. Gupta, represents a thoroughly revised and expanded reference work. It brings together more than 200 articles covering established and new concepts of Geophysics across the various sub-disciplines such as Gravity, Geodesy, Geomagnetism, Seismology, Seismics, Deep Earth Processes, Plate Tectonics, Thermal Domains, Computational Methods, etc. in a systematic and consistent format and standard. It is an authoritative and current reference source with extraordinary width of scope. It draws its unique strength from the expert contributions of editors and authors across the globe. It is designed to serve as a valuable and cherished source of information for current and future generations of professionals.
Earth sciences, Geology
Author: CTI Reviews
Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews
Facts101 is your complete guide to Earth, An Introduction to Physical Geology. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.
An Introductory Textbook for Geologists and Geophysicists
Author: Robert J. Lillie
Publisher: Pearson College Division
This bookOs abundant figures and exercises, combined with the straightforward, concise style of the book, put the essentials of geophysics well within reach of students whose primary training is in geology and who possess only a basic knowledge of physics. It is designed to introduce the principal geophysical phenomena and techniques--namely seismology, gravity, magnetism, and heat flow.
Author: Charlotte Mehrtens
How the Earth Works: Essentials in Earth System Science and Geology teaches students the essential geology content needed to understand how the earth works. The material focuses on selected geology topics including discussions of how they impact the hydrosphere, atmosphere, and climate. The book begins with a discussion of science in general as a process of discovery, and an introduction to earth system science in particular. Students then learn about the ingredients and structure of the earth and how the solid earth works. The final chapters of the text examine water, air, the earth's climate, and the relationships between the three. Specific geology topics include Earth's most important molecules (minerals and water), the rock cycle, magnetism, plate tectonics, seismology, and the origins of mountains. Students will also learn about geological time, the hydrosphere, atmosphere, and the energy budget of Earth. The text concludes with a discussion of the geologic record of the Quaternary climate change. How the Earth Works: Essentials in Earth System Science and Geology is ideal for introductory survey courses that focus on geoscience's role in the earth system. Charlotte Mehrtens earned her Ph.D. in geology at the University of Chicago. Her area of expertise is stratigraphy and sedimentology and she is particularly interested in the evolution of the Northern Appalachians and reconstructing ancient environments. Dr. Mehrtens teaches at the University of Vermont, where her course offerings include introductory earth system science, earth history, and stratigraphy and sedimentation for advanced undergraduates. In addition, Dr. Mehrtens co-teaches the regional geology summer field class. Her professional writing has appeared in the Journal of Paleontology, Northeastern Geology and Tectonics.
Author: Ian F. Spellerberg,John W. D. Sawyer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Species distribution, conservation management, landscape planning.
A Practical Guide
Author: Richard J. Lisle
This highly illustrated student guide introduces the skills of interpreting a geological map and relating it to the morphology of the most important types of geological structure. Highly illustrated, with problems provided throughout, this book is designed for use by students with a minimum of tutorial supervision. The coverage is ideal for first year undergraduate courses, and also suitable for A-level geology. Photographs of structures are set alongside their representations on maps. The maps used in exercises have been chosen to provide all of the realism of a survey map without the huge amount of data often present, so that students can develop skills without becoming overwhelmed or confused. In particular, emphasis is placed throughout on developing the skill of three-dimensional visualisation so important to the geologist.
Department Operations and Projects
Author: Robert Rakes Shrock
Publisher: MIT Press
This book completes Professor Shrock's full-scale history of MIT's Geology Department. Volume I, Faculty and Supporting Staff, presented biographical sketches of the first fifty-three professors of geology, supplemented by discussions of the founding of the Institute, the development of the geology faculty and curriculum, and the nature and extent of assistance given by support staff. The biographies covered such figures as MIT's founder, W. B. Rogers, "a practical scientist"; economic geologist Waldemar Lindgren; crystallographer Martin Buerger; geochemist T. Sterry Hunt; theorist R. A. Daly; geomorphologist Douglas Johnson, geochronologist P. M. Hurley; and geophysicist Frank Press. Volume II includes discussions of the MIT time capsule, laboratory and field work; facilities for teaching and research; financing of the geological sciences at the Institute; women in geology; geology, mineralogy, geophysics, geochemistry, geochronology, and oceanography at MIT; the Godfrey Lowell Cabot Spectrographic Laboratory; the Green building; the Geophysical Analysis Group (GAG) Project; and research on coal and the origin of petroleum. The names of all geology graduates from 1890 through 1970 appear, together with the titles of their dissertations and brief descriptions of the 175 books written by the Department's professors and graduates. Robert Rakes Shrock, who is Professor Emeritus, taught in MIT's Geology Department for thirtyeight years. He is the author of several text and reference works, including (with Hervey W. Shimer) Index Fossils of North America, which was published in 1944 and is still available from The MIT Press.