Author: James Allan Stewart Evans

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313325823

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 178

View: 5749

Looks at the life and times of the Emperor Justinian.
Read More

The Life and Legacy of the Byzantine Emperor

Author: Charles River Charles River Editors

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781542768009


Page: 56

View: 7719

*Includes pictures *Explains Justinian's foreign policy, domestic policy, the building of the Hagia Sophia, and more *Includes a bibliography for further reading The zenith of the Byzantine Empire was reached in the middle of the 6th century during the reign of the Emperor Justinian (527-565). The internal stabilization of the Byzantine state was completed, and Justinian then embarked on a wide range of external re-conquests. Justinian's prime directive was to restore the Roman Empire to its former glory in the west. He sought to strengthen the immutable law that Byzantium, the successor of Rome, maintained not only in the east but also the west, and by doing so, he hoped to revive the unity of the Roman world. In addition to attempting to conquer Italy and restore all the old dominions of the Roman Empire, Justinian also had to quell inner unrest by fighting barbarian usurpers, securing the borders, re-establishing religious orthodoxy, reorganizing the law, and reviving prosperity. Accounts describe him as a stocky and ugly man, but he was deeply conscious of the prerogatives and duties of his position as a person exalted and close to God, and he was self-controlled in his personal life. From an administrative standpoint, he was an adroit diplomat and organizer who was gifted when it came to choosing collaborators and streamlining the administration of his empire. He was also married to Theodora, a woman of extraordinary beauty, courage, and intellect. Justinian was profoundly religious, which ensured that he spent considerable time attempting to reestablish orthodoxy and guide the church into the future. Justinian even ensured religious uniformity as this was the same as domestic law. There was no real separation between the legal order and canon law. At the same time, however, Justinian was a short-sighted emperor who was unable to come to grips with the fact that it was impossible to solve religious conflicts through wavering political compromises. He was also unable to stem the decline in the Byzantine economy and unwilling to form long-term plans for the future that would secure the northern and eastern borders of the empire against the Persians and Slavs. Naturally, since he remained so focused on the present, Justinian also engaged in grandiose propaganda schemes to promote his own glory, such as easy conquests, trading in luxury goods with far-away countries (including China, India, and Abyssinia), a well-planned publicity campaign carried out by his court historian Procopius and his court poet Paul the Silentiary, and a grandiose building campaign in the capital of Constantinople, which included the Hagia Sophia. Ironically, Justinian's foreign policy is what he is best remembered for, despite the fact it was ultimately unsuccessful. Though he inevitably fell short of at least some of his aims, Justinian did make the Byzantine Empire a more efficient empire in many ways. The Nika revolt in 532 that precipitated the building of Hagia Sophia and the undertaking of Justinian's building campaign was the last major populist insurrection against autocratic rule, and the Marcellinus Conspiracy in 556 was the last of the aristocratic uprisings in the Empire. Justinian succeeded in setting up a nearly bribe-proof civil service, his bureaucrats created a well-disciplined army, and he also succeeded in giving the empire a uniform code of law. That code of law, the corpus juris civilis, or "body of civil law," remains the foundation of the legal system in many modern European countries. Justinian the Great chronicles the life and legacy of the Byzantine Empire's most important leader. Along with pictures depicting important people, places, and events, you will learn about Justinian like never before, in no time at all.
Read More

Author: Peter Sarris

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113945904X

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 3668

The reign of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian (527–65) stands out in late Roman and medieval history. Justinian re-conquered far-flung territories from the barbarians, overhauled the Empire's administrative framework and codified for posterity the inherited tradition of Roman law. This work represents a modern study in English of the social and economic history of the Eastern Roman Empire in the reign of the Emperor Justinian. Drawing upon papyrological, numismatic, legal, literary and archaeological evidence, the study seeks to reconstruct the emergent nature of relations between landowners and peasants, and aristocrats and emperors in the late antique Eastern Empire. It provides a social and economic context in which to situate the Emperor Justinian's mid-sixth-century reform programme, and questions the implications of the Eastern Empire's pattern of social and economic development under Justinian for its subsequent, post-Justinianic history.
Read More

Author: Kelly Rodgers

Publisher: Teacher Created Materials

ISBN: 1433383691

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 32

View: 6096

In this captivating biography, readers will learn how Emperor Justinian I ruled the Byzantine Empire for 38 years. Featuring eye-catching images, maps, and photos, stunning facts, and easy to read text, readers will be introduced to Justinian's Code, the Nika Rebellion, and iconoclasm. Readers will be fascinated as they discover that Justinian put down a rebellion, conquered new territory, and even survived the bubonic plague! To provide readers with tools they'll need to better understand the content, this book features an accessible glossary and index.
Read More

324 - 1453

Author: Georgije Ostrogorski

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406397592

Category: Byzantine Empire

Page: 569

View: 6583

Read More

The Last Roman Emperor

Author: George Philip Baker

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0815412177

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 340

View: 4363

Examines how Emperor Justinian (482-565 A.D.) and his wife, Empress Theodora, both infamous, he for corruption and she for sexual depravity, fought revolts, riots, intrigues, and plots in an attempt to restore the Roman Empire to its former glory and to its former boundaries.
Read More

Actress, Empress, Saint

Author: David Stone Potter

Publisher: Women in Antiquity

ISBN: 0199740763

Category: Biography

Page: 277

View: 5011

An authoritative portrait of one of the ancient world's most intriguing and powerful women.Despite very humble beginnings, Theodora rose to become empress of the Byzantine Empire at the acme of its power and influence. Raised in a family of circus performers in Constantinople, she later caught the attention of the future emperor Justinian while performing as a courtesan. The two weremarried soon thereafter, to the shock of the ruling elite. When Justinian assumed power in AD 527, they ruled the Empire together until her death twenty years later.Their reign was the most celebrated in Byzantine history, bringing wealth, prestige, and even much of the Italian peninsula back to the Empire. As Justinian's most trusted advisor, she discernibly influenced his rule. Her interest in social causes, for example, is seen in added legal protections forwomen and the lower classes. Theodora's most lasting impact was her unwavering support for the Christian sect of Monophysitism. Although her husband was orthodox, Theodora maintained her religious independence at considerable risk to herself. In Syria today, where the sect still thrives, she isrevered as a saint.In Theodora: Actress, Empress, Saint, renowned historian David Potter provides a fresh new account of her fascinating life and times. He penetrates the highly biased writings of her contemporaries and takes advantage of the latest research on early Byzantium to craft the most authoritative andengaging biography of Theodora to date. It will be of interest to all readers of women's history and ancient history.
Read More

The Christology of Emperor Justinian

Author: Justinian I (Emperor of the East)

Publisher: St Vladimir's Seminary Press

ISBN: 9780881410891

Category: Religion

Page: 203

View: 7904

At the opening of the sixth century, large segments of the Roman Empire had fallen to barbarian warlords. The Churches of Rome and Constantinople were locked in a schism rooted in different attitudes towards the decrees and definitions of the Fourth Ecumenical council held at Chalcedon in 451. The emperor Justinian (527-565) dreamed of reunifying and restoring the Empire; but to accomplish this he needed a unified Church. Before Justinian ascended the throne the schism between Rome and Constantinople had been healed, largely due to Justinian's influence, but a significant segment of the Eastern population (dubbed monophysites) would not accept the union and the imperial church remained divided.
Read More

The Circumstances of Imperial Power

Author: J. A. S. Evans

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134559755

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 6707

The Age of Justinian examines the reign of the great emperor Justinian (527-565) and his wife Theodora, who advanced from the theatre to the throne. The origins of the irrevocable split between East and West, between the Byzantine and the Persian Empire are chronicled, which continue up to the present day. The book looks at the social structure of sixth century Byzantium, and the neighbours that surrounded the empire. It also deals with Justinian's wars, which restored Italy, Africa and a part of Spain to the empire.
Read More

Author: Clemens Koehn

Publisher: de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110597209

Category: History

Page: 317

View: 912

Sowohl die Regierung Kaiser Justinians I. (527-565) als auch die spätantike/frühbyzantinische Armee sind seit einigen Jahren intensiv diskutierte Themen gerade der althistorischen Forschung. Dabei wird allerdings die Militärpolitik aus der Analyse der kaiserlichen Regierung weitgehend ausgeblendet. Die Rolle des Kaisers als Oberkommandierender der Armee findet kaum Beachtung, obgleich Justinian in einem seine Vorgänger weit übertreffenden Maße Kriege geführt hat. Der Kaiser gilt als akribischer Organisator der zivilen Verwaltung, aber militärisch eher als Laie. Hier wird nun erstmals umfassend die These argumentiert, dass Justinian militärischen Sachfragen insgesamt deutlich mehr Aufmerksamkeit gewidmet hat als bislang angenommen. Von Beginn an betrieb er eine aktive Militärpolitik, die freilich zunehmend politischen und finanziellen Kontigenzen ausgesetzt war und schließlich scheiterte. An der Schnittstelle von Alter Geschichte, Byzantinistik und Militärgeschichte angesiedelt, stellt die Studie somit einen Beitrag zu der vieldiskutierten Frage nach den konkreten Entscheidungsabläufen und der Intentionalität des kaiserlichen Handelns im frühen Byzanz dar.
Read More

Agapetus, 'Advice to the Emperor' ; Dialogue on Political Science ; Paul the Silentiary, 'Description of Hagia Sophia'

Author: Peter Neville Bell

Publisher: Liverpool University Press

ISBN: 1846312094

Category: History

Page: 249

View: 6628

"This translation, with commentary and introduction, brings together three important, if generally neglected, works that cast great light on politics and ideology in early Byzantium. Agapetus wrote, c. 527-30 CE, from a position sympathetic to the emperor Justinian, when he had still to consolidate his authority. He sets out what an emperor must do to acquire legitimacy, in terms of government as the imitation of God. The Dialogue, written anonymously towards the end of the same reign, comprises fragments from Books 4-5 of a philosophically sophisticated (and now lost) longer work, setting out requirements for the ideal polity, based on a similar concept of imperial rule, with extensive comment on matters of current political salience but from an implicitly hostile standpoint. Not only does the text reflect the nature of Neoplatonic political philosophy but it also delves into the inner realities of the time, and the political problems of Constantinople during the first half of the sixth century. The third text was written by Paul the Silentiary to mark the re-dedication of the Great Church Hagia Sophia, built thirty years earlier under Justinian's orders." --Book Jacket.
Read More

Author: John Moorhead

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317898788

Category: History

Page: 192

View: 1362

The reign of Justinian (527--65) was a key phase in the transition from the Roman empire of classical times to the Byzantine empire of the Middle Ages. Justinian himself, born of peasant stock in a provincial backwater, was one of the greatest rulers yet, despite prodigious achievements, he remained an outsider in the sophisticated society of Constantinople. Here, John Moorhead reinterprets Justinian as man and monarch, together with his formidable empress, the ex-actress Theodora, and assesses the evidence from their time for the evolution of a distinctively medieval world.
Read More

Kontingenzerfahrung und Kontingenzbewältigung im 6. Jahrhundert n. Chr

Author: Mischa Meier

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 9783525252468

Category: History

Page: 739

View: 9264

In dieser historischen Analyse der Herrschaftszeit Justinians (527-565) werden politik- und mentalitätengeschichtliche Ansätze miteinander verbunden. Die Transformationsprozesse in dieser Phase werden weniger aus dem Gestaltungswillen des Kaisers abgeleitet, sondern aus den Einwirkungen kontingenter Faktoren (besonders der Naturkatastrophen), die im 6. Jh. auf spezifische, von verbreiteten Endzeiterwartungen geprägte Wahrnehmungs- und Deutungsmuster getroffen sind. Untersucht werden u. a. Bewältigungsstrategien der Katastrophen in der Reichsbevölkerung, die sich daraus ergebenden Einflüsse auf die Politik des Kaisers sowie die langfristigen Konsequenzen der Geschehnisse in zentralen Bereichen des öffentlichen Lebens. Die Arbeit stellt insofern auch einen wichtigen Beitrag zur Diskussion um die Frage nach dem Übergang von >Ostrom
Read More

Author: Michael Maas

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139826875

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 7736

This book introduces the Age of Justinian, the last Roman century and the first flowering of Byzantine culture. Dominated by the policies and personality of emperor Justinian I (527–565), this period of grand achievements and far-reaching failures witnessed the transformation of the Mediterranean world. In this volume, twenty specialists explore the most important aspects of the age including the mechanics and theory of empire, warfare, urbanism, and economy. It also discusses the impact of the great plague, the codification of Roman law, and the many religious upheavals taking place at the time. Consideration is given to imperial relations with the papacy, northern barbarians, the Persians, and other eastern peoples, shedding new light on a dramatic and highly significant historical period.
Read More

Author: Warren T. Treadgold

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804726306

Category: History

Page: 1019

View: 671

The first comprehensive and up-to-date history of Byzantium to appear in almost sixty years, and the first ever to cover both the Byzantine state and Byzantine society. Includes 208 illustrations, 21 maps, 18 tables. 1048 pages.
Read More

Herrschaft, Reich und Religion

Author: Mischa Meier

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406508325

Category: Byzantine Empire

Page: 128

View: 6671

Read More