Author: David Hume

Publisher: Wordsworth Editions

ISBN: 9781840226669

Category: Philosophy, British

Page: 896

View: 8058

With an introduction by Charlotte R. Brown and William Edward Morris. David Hume (1711–1776) was the most important philosopher ever to write in English, as well as a master stylist. This volume contains his major philosophical works. A Treatise of Human Nature (1739–1740), published while Hume was still in his twenties, consists of three books on the understanding, the passions, and morals. It applies the experimental method of reasoning to human nature in a revolution that was intended to make Hume the Newton of the moral sciences. Disappointed with the Treatise’s failure to bring about such a revolution, Hume later recast Book I as An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding (1751), and Book III as An Enquiry concerning the Principles of Morals, which he regarded as ‘incomparably the best’ of all his works. Both Enquiries went through several editions in his lifetime. Hume’s works, controversial in his day, remain deeply and widely influential in ours, especially for his contributions to our understanding of the nature of morality, political and economic theory, philosophy of religion, and philosophical naturalism. This volume also includes Hume’s anonymous Abstract of Books I and II of the Treatise, and the short autobiographical essay, ‘My Own Life’, which he wrote just before his death.
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The Adventures of an Enquiring Mind

Author: Prasanna Gautam

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1527510786

Category: Philosophy

Page: 188

View: 2864

This book is a unique presentation of common but highly important issues that affect us all deeply. These are illustrated with personal anecdotes to which the readers can relate and compare with their own experiences in life. Each chapter is independent and presented in a conversational manner which makes reading easy. The book deals with a wide range of subjects, such as sex and sexuality, euthanasia, self-confidence, superstition, religion, evolution, parenting, conflicts, leadership, and the interpretation of scriptures, among others. In addition to presenting the essence of many philosophical concepts and contrasting them with scientific evidence, the book asserts that our world has never before been richer and more technically advanced, but that our unthinking brains have precipitated unhappiness, conflicts, poverty, greed, crime and selfishness. A book of huge interest generally, this is also useful as a handy source of information for the students of humanities, the linguists and translators of ancient languages.
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Author: Frank N. Magill

Publisher: Collins Reference

ISBN: 9780062700506

Category: Reference

Page: 992

View: 571

Philosophy and fantasy, plays and poems, essays and epics -- 270 literary classics that range from The Divine Comedy and Death Comes for the Archbishop to The Aeneid and The Grapes of Wrath are summarized and analyzed in this essential reference.
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Essays on Philosophy and Literature

Author: Martha C. Nussbaum

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199879486

Category: Philosophy

Page: 432

View: 8779

This volume brings together Nussbaum's published papers on the relationship between literature and philosophy, especially moral philosophy. The papers, many of them previously inaccessible to non-specialist readers, deal with such fundamental issues as the relationship between style and content in the exploration of ethical issues; the nature of ethical attention and ethical knowledge and their relationship to written forms and styles; and the role of the emotions in deliberation and self-knowledge. Nussbaum investigates and defends a conception of ethical understanding which involves emotional as well as intellectual activity, and which gives a certain type of priority to the perception of particular people and situations rather than to abstract rules. She argues that this ethical conception cannot be completely and appropriately stated without turning to forms of writing usually considered literary rather than philosophical. It is consequently necessary to broaden our conception of moral philosophy in order to include these forms. Featuring two new essays and revised versions of several previously published essays, this collection attempts to articulate the relationship, within such a broader ethical inquiry, between literary and more abstractly theoretical elements.
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Contemporary and Classic Readings - An Anthology

Author: Eileen John,Dominic McIver Lopes

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405112086

Category: Philosophy

Page: 384

View: 3964

Essential readings in the philosophy of literature are brought together for the first time in this anthology. Contains forty-five substantial and carefully chosen essays and extracts Provides a balanced and coherent overview of developments in the field during the past thirty years, including influential work on fiction, interpretation, metaphor, literary value, and the definition and ontology of literature Includes an additional historical section featuring generous selections of the writings of early pioneers such as Plato, Aristotle, Nietzsche, and Hume Serves as an ideal introduction to the philosophy of literature or the philosophy of art, as well as a handy compilation of contributions to the field by its leading figures
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The Logic of "Know Thyself"

Author: Nigel Tubbs

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1317753895

Category: Education

Page: 194

View: 1791

The Western tradition has long held the view that while it is possible to know that God exists, it nevertheless remains impossible to know what God is. The ineffability of the monotheistic God extends to each of the Abrahamic faiths. In this volume, Tubbs considers Aristotle’s logic of mastery and questions the assumptions upon which God’s ineffability rests. Part I explores the tensions between the philosophical definition of the One as "thought thinking itself" (the Aristotelian concept of noesis noeseos) and the educational vocation of the individual as "know thyself" (gnothi seuton). Identifying vulnerabilities in the logic of mastery, Tubbs puts forth an original logic of education, which he calls modern metaphysics, or a logic of learning and education. Part II explores this new educational logic of the divine as a "logic of tears," as a "dreadful religious teacher," and as a way to cohere the three Abrahamic faiths in an educational concept of monotheism.
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Author: Peter France

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199247844

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 656

View: 4962

This guide highlights the place of translation in our culture, encouraging awareness of the process of translating and the choices involved, making the translator more 'visible'. Concentrating on major writers and works, it covers translations out of many languages, from Greek to Hungarian, Korean to Turkish. For some works (e.g. Virgil's Aeneid) which have been much translated, the discussion is historical and critical, showing how translation has evolved over the centuries and bringing out the differences between versions. Elsewhere, with less familiar literatures, the Guide examines the extent to which translation has done justice to the range of work available.
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A Desk Reference for the Curious Mind

Author: The New York Times

Publisher: St. Martin's Press

ISBN: 1429950854

Category: Reference

Page: 1376

View: 7990

A COMPLETE REVISION AND THOROUGH UPDATING OF THE ULTIMATE REFERENCE FROM THE NEWSPAPER OF RECORD. A comprehensive guide offering insight and clarity on a broad range of even more essential subjects. Whether you are researching the history of Western art, investigating an obscure medical test, following current environmental trends, studying Shakespeare, brushing up on your crossword and Sudoku skills, or simply looking for a deeper understanding of the world, this book is for you. An indispensable resource for every home, office, dorm room, and library, this new edition of The New York Times Guide to Essential Knowledge offers in-depth explorations of art, astronomy, biology, business, economics, the environment, film, geography, history, the Internet, literature, mathematics, music, mythology, philosophy, photography, sports, theater, film, and many other subjects. This one volume is designed to offer more information than any other book on the most important subjects, as well as provide easy-to-access data critical to everyday life. It is the only universal reference book to include authoritative and engaging essays from New York Times experts in almost every field of endeavor. The New York Times Guide to Essential Knowledge provides information with matchless accuracy and exceptional clarity. This new revised and expanded third edition covers major categories with an emphasis on depth and historical context, providing easy access to data vital for everyday living. Covering nearly 50 major categories, and providing an immediate grasp of complex topics with charts, sidebars, and maps, the third edition features 50 pages of new material, including new sections on * Atheism * Digital Media * Inventions and Discoveries * Endangered Species * Inflation * Musical Theater * Book Publishing *Wikileaks *The Financial Crisis *Nuclear Weapons *Energy *The Global Food Supply Every section has been thoroughly updated, making this third edition more useful and comprehensive than ever. It informs, educates, answers, illustrates and clarifies---it's the only one-volume reference book you need.
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Author: Ralph Waldo Emerson

Publisher: Modern Library

ISBN: 9780307419910

Category: Philosophy

Page: 880

View: 3914

Introduction by Mary Oliver Commentary by Henry James, Robert Frost, Matthew Arnold, Oliver Wendell Holmes, and Henry David Thoreau The definitive collection of Emerson’s major speeches, essays, and poetry, The Essential Writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson chronicles the life’s work of a true “American Scholar.” As one of the architects of the transcendentalist movement, Emerson embraced a philosophy that championed the individual, emphasized independent thought, and prized “the splendid labyrinth of one’s own perceptions.” More than any writer of his time, he forged a style distinct from his European predecessors and embodied and defined what it meant to be an American. Matthew Arnold called Emerson’s essays “the most important work done in prose.” INCLUDES A MODERN LIBRARY READING GROUP GUIDE From the Trade Paperback edition.
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Selected Passages with Traditional Commentary

Author: Mengzi,Bryan W. Van Norden

Publisher: Hackett Publishing

ISBN: 0872209857

Category: History

Page: 200

View: 8266

This abridged edition of Bryan Van Norden's translation of the Mengzi (Mencius) provides the most frequently studied portions of the work along with relevant passages from the classic commentary of Zhu Xi -- one of the most influential and insightful interpreters of Confucianism. A glossary and bibliography are also included.
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Author: David Hume

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486122166

Category: Philosophy

Page: 480

View: 1726

This enormously influential work employs Locke's empiric principles to construct a theory of knowledge from which to evaluate metaphysical ideas. Numerous thought-provoking considerations of issues include causation, existence, freedom and necessity, and morality.
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Biografie

Author: Rüdiger Safranski

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446244549

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 800

View: 9228

Das Goethe-Buch für unsere Zeit: Rüdiger Safranski nähert sich dem letzten Universalgenie aus den primären Quellen – Werke, Briefe, Tagebücher, Gespräche, Aufzeichnungen von Zeitgenossen. So wird Goethe ungewohnt lebendig: Ein junger Mann aus gutem Hause, dem Studentenleben zugetan und dauerverliebt, wird Bestsellerautor, bekommt eine gutdotierte Stellung, dilettiert in Naturforschungen, flüchtet nach Italien, lebt in wilder Ehe – und bei alledem schreibt er seine unvergesslichen Werke. Doch er wollte noch mehr: Das Leben selbst sollte zum Kunstwerk werden. Safranskis souverän geschriebenes Buch macht uns zu Zeitgenossen dieses Menschen und schildert eindringlich, wie Goethe sich zu Goethe gemacht hat.
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eine Geschichte der Philosophie

Author: Bertrand Russell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783868201277

Category:

Page: 430

View: 3895

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Author: An Li, King of Huainan

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231501453

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 5986

Compiled in the second century B.C.E, the Huainanzi clarifies a crucial period in the development of Chinese conceptions of the cosmos, human nature, and the social order. Outlining "all that a modern monarch needs to know," the text emphasizes rigorous self-cultivation and mental discipline, attributing successful rule to a balance of broad knowledge, diligent application, and penetrating wisdom. In 2010, the editors of this volume completed the first complete English-language translation of the Huainanzi, opening exciting new pathways in the study of philosophy, Asian studies, political science, and Asian literature. This abridgement contains essential selections from each of the Huainanzi's twenty-one chapters and adds a new introduction and chapter descriptions. The text represents a remarkable synthesis of Daoist classics, such as the Laozi and the Zhuangzi; works associated with the Confucian tradition, such as the Changes, the Odes, and the Documents; and a range of other foundational philosophical and literary works, from the Mozi to the Hanfeizi. The abridgement preserves the Huainanzi's special rhetorical features, such as its parallel prose, verse, and unique compositional techniques. For decades, Western scholars overlooked the Huainanzi's sophisticated structure, creative content, and rich historical value, yet all that changed with the translation of the full text. Designed for classroom use and general readers, The Essential Huainanzi continues to increase awareness of this brilliant work and change our understanding of early Chinese history.
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Author: Charles Taylor

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518740407

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1297

View: 573

Was heißt es, daß wir heute in einem säkularen Zeitalter leben? Was ist geschehen zwischen 1500 – als Gott noch seinen festen Platz im naturwissenschaftlichen Kosmos, im gesellschaftlichen Gefüge und im Alltag der Menschen hatte – und heute, da der Glaube an Gott, jedenfalls in der westlichen Welt, nur noch eine Option unter vielen ist? Um diesen Wandel zu bestimmen und in seinen Folgen für die gegenwärtige Gesellschaft auszuloten, muß die große Geschichte der Säkularisierung in der nordatlantischen Welt von der frühen Neuzeit bis in die Gegenwart erzählt werden – ein herkulisches Unterfangen, dem sich der kanadische Philosoph Charles Taylor in seinem mit Spannung erwarteten neuen Buch stellt. Mit einem Fokus auf dem »lateinischen Christentum«, dem vorherrschenden Glauben in Europa, rekonstruiert er in geradezu verschwenderischem Detail die entscheidenden Entwicklungslinien in den Naturwissenschaften, der Philosophie, der Staats- und Rechtstheorie und in den Künsten. Dem berühmten Diktum von der wissenschaftlich-technischen »Entzauberung der Welt« und anderen eingeschliffenen Säkularisierungstheorien setzt er die These entgegen, daß es die Religion selbst war, die das Säkulare hervorgebracht hat, und entfaltet eine komplexe Mentalitätsgeschichte des modernen Subjekts, das heute im Niemandsland zwischen Glauben und Atheismus gefangen ist.
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Roman

Author: Kamel Daoud

Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch

ISBN: 3462315412

Category: Fiction

Page: 208

View: 9814

Dieser Roman gibt dem namenlosen Toten aus »Der Fremde« von Camus ein Gesicht Ein Roman aus Algerien, der um die Welt geht: in Frankreich ein Riesenbestseller, in den USA und England als literarische Sensation gefeiert, jetzt in deutscher Übersetzung. Die Geschichte des namenlosen Arabers aus Camus’ weltberühmtem Roman »Der Fremde« – erzählt von dessen Bruder. Der alte Mann, der Nacht für Nacht in einer Bar in Oran seine Geschichte erzählt, ist der Bruder jenes Arabers, der 1942 von einem gewissen Meursault am Strand von Algier erschossen wurde – in einem der berühmtesten Romane des 20. Jahrhunderts. 70 Jahre später, mit all dem Ärger, der Angst und Frustration eines Lebens im Schatten dieses Todes, gibt der alte Mann seinem Bruder seinen Namen zurück. Der Araber aus Camus’ Roman »Der Fremde« bekommt so eine Identität und eine Geschichte. Eine Geschichte, die untrennbar mit der Algeriens verknüpft ist und doch gleichzeitig so berührend und persönlich, dass man das Buch nicht mehr aus der Hand legen kann. Ein großer Roman darüber, wie die Vergangenheit unsere Gegenwart prägt, und über die ungebrochene Kraft der Literatur, eine tiefere Erkenntnis, eine verborgene Wahrheit ans Licht zu bringen. Das Buch gilt jetzt schon als Klassiker – gleichwertig zu Camus’ Roman: »Ein großartiger Roman. In Zukunft wird man ›Der Fremde‹ und ›Der Fall Meursault – eine Gegendarstellung‹ nebeneinander lesen.« Le monde des livres
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A New Translation of the Tao-te Ching of Laozi as Interpreted by Wang Bi

Author: Laozi,Richard John Lynn

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231105804

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 5844

A new translation of the Tao-te Ching of Laozi as interpreted by Wang Bi--whose commentaries following each statement flesh out the text so that it speaks to the modern Western reader as it has to Asians for centuries.
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Author: Martin Buber

Publisher: Manesse Verlag

ISBN: 3641147824

Category: Fiction

Page: 784

View: 3987

Ein Buch zur religiösen und spirituellen Inspiration Die von Martin Buber gesammelten Geschichten aus der Welt des osteuropäischen Judentums begeistern durch ihre Lebensweisheit, durch Humor und gelebte Religiosität. Zum fünfzigsten Todestag des bedeutenden Religionsforschers erscheint Bubers populärstes Werk in einer liebevoll edierten Jubiläumsausgabe. Der Chassidismus, die im 18. Jahrhundert entstandene religiöse Bewegung der Juden Osteuropas, hat eine Fülle legendenhafter Erzählungen hervorgebracht. Teils mündlich, teils schriftlich niedergelegt, hatten diese Geschichten lange Zeit keinerlei Anspruch auf literarische Gültigkeit. Es ist das Verdienst Bubers, sie nicht nur gesammelt, sondern auch sprachlich geformt und philosophisch eingeordnet zu haben. Den Band «Die Erzählungen der Chassidim» hat er 1949 persönlich für den Manesse Verlag zusammengestellt. Zum Jubiläum veröffentlichen wir eine um Register, Anmerkungen und Glossar erweiterte Ausgabe. Michael Brocke, einer der renommiertesten deutschen Judaisten, beleuchtet mit einem neuen Nachwort Bubers epochales Werk aus heutiger Sicht. Großformatige Geschenkausgabe, gebunden in bedrucktes Leinen, mit Rundum-Farbschnitt Mit neuem Nachwort und erstmals mit Register und Glossar
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Die vier Elemente guten Kochens.

Author: Samin Nosrat

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956142829

Category: Cooking

Page: 472

View: 6952

Samin Nosrat verdichtet ihre reiche Erfahrung als Köchin und Kochlehrerin zu einem so einfachen wie revolutionären Ansatz. Es geht dabei um die vier zentralen Grundlagen guten Kochens: Salz, Fett, Säure und Hitze. Salz – das die Aromen vertieft. Fett – das sie trägt und attraktive Konsistenzen ermöglicht. Säure – die alle Aromen ausbalanciert. Und Hitze – die die Konsistenz eines Gerichts letztendlich bestimmt. Wer mit diesen vier Elementen souverän umgeht, kann exzellent kochen, ohne sich an Rezepte klammern zu müssen. Voller profundem Wissen, aber mit leichter Hand und gewinnendem Ton führt Nosrat in alle theoretischen und praktischen Aspekte guten Kochens ein, vermittelt Grundlagen und Küchenchemie und verrät jede Menge inspirierender Tipps und Tricks. In über 100 unkomplizierten Rezepten wird das Wissen vertieft und erprobt: frische Salate, perfekt gewürzte Saucen, intensiv schmeckende Gemüsegerichte, die besten Pastas, 13 Huhn-Varianten, zartes Fleisch, köstliche Kuchen und Desserts. Samin Nosrats Rezepte ermuntern zum Ausprobieren und zum Improvisieren. Angereichert mit appetitanregenden Illustrationen und informativen Grafiken ist dieses Buch ein unverzichtbarer Küchenkompass, der Anfänger genauso glücklich macht wie geübte Köche.
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Author: Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401004854

Category: Philosophy

Page: 329

View: 9353

Merleau-Ponty's categories of the visible and the invisible are investigated afresh and with originality in this penetrating collection of literary and philosophical inquiries. Going beyond the traditional and current references to the mental and the sensory, mind and body, perceptual content and the abstract ideas conveyed in language, etc., these studies range from the `hidden spheres of reality', to the play of the visible and the invisible left as traces in works of human genius, the origins of intellect and language, the real and the imaginary in literature, and the `hidden realities' in the philosophy of the everyday world. These literary and philosophical probings collectively reveal the role of this disjoined/conjoined pairing in the ontopoietic establishment of reality, that is, in the manifestation of the logos of life. In tandem they bring to light the hidden play of the visible and the invisible in the emergence of our vital, societal, intimate, intellectual, and creative involvements.
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