Author: Slawomir Raszewski

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319625578

Category: Political Science

Page: 300

View: 460

This book addresses energy research from four distinct International Political Economy perspectives: energy security, governance, legal and developmental areas. Energy is too important to be neglected by political scientists. Yet, within the mainstream of the discipline energy research still remains a peripheral area of academic enquiry seeking to plug into the discipline’s theoretical debates. The purpose of this book is to assess how existing perspectives fit with our understanding of social science energy research by focusing on the oil and gas dimension.
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Author: Thijs Van de Graaf,Benjamin K. Sovacool,Arunabha Ghosh,Florian Kern,Michael T. Klare

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137556315

Category: Political Science

Page: 743

View: 4394

This Handbook is the first volume to analyse the International Political Economy, the who-gets-what-when-and-how, of global energy. Divided into five sections, it features 28 contributions that deal with energy institutions, trade, transitions, conflict and justice. The chapters span a wide range of energy technologies and markets - including oil and gas, biofuels, carbon capture and storage, nuclear, and electricity - and it cuts across the domestic-international divide. Long-standing issues in the IPE of energy such as the role of OPEC and the ‘resource curse’ are combined with emerging issues such as fossil fuel subsidies and carbon markets. IPE perspectives are interwoven with insights from studies on governance, transitions, security, and political ecology. The Handbook serves as a potent reminder that energy systems are as inherently political and economic as they are technical or technological, and demonstrates that the field of IPE has much to offer to studies of the changing world of energy.
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The Political Economy of Oil and Gas

Author: Ali Aïssaoui

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197300275

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 312

View: 6448

This book is the fifth in a series of books on the major petroleum and gas exporting nations, most of them part of the developing world. Because of its gas dimension, Algeria occupies a special position in the global economy, particularly with regard to Europe. At the same time, despite its efforts to diversify the economy, Algeria still finds that its prospects are closely bound to the future of oil and gas. A broad description is provided of the oil and gas sectors of the country, highlighting those features which give Algeria a physiognomy of its own. The analysis is set into the context of history, economic policy and international relations. It also seeks to identify the specific challenges that Algeria will face in developing its hydrocarbon wealth to the best advantage of its economy.
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Author: Andreas Goldthau,Michael F. Keating

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1783475633

Category:

Page: 416

View: 6973

This Handbook offers a comprehensive overview of the latest research from leading scholars on the international political economy of energy and resources. Highlighting the important conceptual and empirical themes, the chapters study all levels of governance, from global to local, and explore the wide range of issues emerging in a changing political and economic environment.
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The Case of Nigeria

Author: Soala Ariweriokuma

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113403959X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 5468

The evolution of the Nigerian oil and gas industry spanned about a century during which several challenges were encountered and surmounted by major International Oil Companies (IOCs). This book provides a thoroughly researched guide to the Nigerian oil and gas industry. The author examines the increasing role of Africa in the contribution of oil and gas resources to the global energy market and provides an overview of oil and gas exploration and production activities in Algeria , Libya , Egypt and Angola . The book presents an in-depth review of the growth and challenges of the Nigerian oil and gas industry. It also highlights the geological features of the oil and gas bearing regions of the country. In particular, the emerging prominence of the Gulf of Guinea as a prolific hydrocarbon bearing zone is extensively evaluated.
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Author: Ferdinand E. Banks

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351402439

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 212

View: 662

Originally published in 1987 this book presents a comprehensive survey of the global natural gas industry: it looks at the problems of supply, the pattern of demand, the economics of the industrya nd how the industry in the 1980s was being affected by changes in other energy sectors. As a key commodity in the world economy the supply of natural gas is increasingly affecting and changing international relations between importer and supplier countries: the siberian natural gas pipeline which supplies Soviet gas to Western Europe is a key example of the impact of natural gas on international relations and one which is discussed in the book.
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the political economy of oil

Author: Sarah Ahmad Khan

Publisher: Oxford Institute for Energy Studies

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 234

View: 6740

Nigeria is the most populated nation on the African continent and contains a vast wealth of natural resources. It is the largest petroleum producer in Africa, and a key exporter of oil to both Western Europe and the US, and yet the political economy of Nigeria remains one of gross indebtedness, inefficiency and mismanagement. Here, the author brings together these issues in a far-ranging account of the Nigerian oil industry. She explores the fraught relationship between the government and foreign oil companies, the financial constraints on domestic investment, and the tragic lessons of an economy dependent on oil. This is a fascinating look at the problems of this developing country trying to exploit its natural resources, and will be of interest to scholars of development studies and international business.
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Author: Tatiana Mitrova

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442259272

Category: Political Science

Page: 60

View: 9357

This study fills a crucial gap by analyzing the evolution of Russia’s oil and gas sector and its anticipated realignment.
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A Modern History of Petroleum

Author: Francisco Parra

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 9781860649776

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 364

View: 7733

Fundamental to any understanding of the politics of the contemporary world is an understanding of the politics and most recent history of petroleum. Francisco Parra sets out the political and economic events which, since the 1950s, have shaped the international petroleum industry and world affairs.
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A Century of Comparative Institutional Development

Author: Jeff D. Makholm

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226502120

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 7652

With global demand for energy poised to increase by more than half in the next three decades, the supply of safe, reliable, and reasonably priced gas and oil will continue to be of fundamental importance to modern economies. Central to this supply are the pipelines that transport this energy. And while the fundamental economics of the major pipeline networks are the same, the differences in their ownership, commercial development, and operation can provide insight into the workings of market institutions in various nations. Drawing on a century of the world’s experience with gas and oil pipelines, this book illustrates the importance of economics in explaining the evolution of pipeline politics in various countries. It demonstrates that institutional differences influence ownership and regulation, while rents and consumer pricing depend on the size and diversity of existing markets, the depth of regulatory institutions, and the historical structure of the pipeline businesses themselves. The history of pipelines is also rife with social conflict, and Makholm explains how and when institutions in a variety of countries have controlled pipeline behavior—either through economic regulation or government ownership—in the public interest.
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Author: David Ramin Jalilvand,Kirsten Westphal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351783483

Category: Political Science

Page: 302

View: 6307

The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) are in disarray, and shifts in the field of energy have the potential to drastically affect the course of political and economic developments in the region. Declining oil prices, skyrocketing domestic demand, the rise of unconventional oil and natural gas production in North America, as well as shifting patterns of global energy trade all put severe pressures on both producing and importing countries in the MENA region. Policy-makers are facing fundamental challenges in light of the duality of grand transformations in (geo)politics and energy. Changes in the field of energy require substantial political and economic reforms, affecting the very fabric of sociopolitical arrangements. At the same time, the MENA region’s geopolitical volatility makes any such reforms extremely risky. Including contributions by academics and analysts from both inside and outside the MENA region, this volume explores the changes in global and regional energy, the impact of changing international energy dynamics on politics and economies in the MENA region, and the challenges that will result. This is essential reading for researchers, postgraduates, and professionals in Middle Eastern and North African politics, global energy governance and regionalism.
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A Political Economy Perspective

Author: Simone Tagliapietra

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319351168

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 203

View: 837

This book investigates the current status and future prospects of energy relationships for European Mediterranean countries. By adopting a political economy perspective, this book provides insight into regional cooperation in the fields of natural gas and renewable energy. The author posits that regional energy relations have yet to be examined through a comprehensive analytical framework in order to realistically assess the potential role of energy in acting as a catalyst for greater economic and political cooperation in the region. To do so, the author provides a detailed analysis of the region’s energy relations and pertinent case studies. Chapters illustrate the political and economic drivers underpinning the region’s energy dynamics, providing the reader with a wide-ranging overview of the Euro-Mediterranean energy relations of today and tomorrow.
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Author: Thane Gustafson

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674070798

Category: History

Page: 672

View: 4979

The world’s largest exporter of oil is facing mounting problems that could send shock waves through every major economy. Gustafson provides an authoritative account of the Russian oil industry from the last years of communism to its uncertain future. The stakes extend beyond global energy security to include the threat of a destabilized Russia.
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The European Union Regulatory State and the Global Political Economy of Energy

Author: Andreas Goldthau,Nick Sitter

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030287

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 4835

Since 1992, the European Union has put liberalisation at the core of its energy policy agenda. This aspiration was very much in line with an international political economy driven by the neo-liberal (Washington) consensus. The central challenge for the EU is that the energy world has changed, while the EU has not. The rise of Asian energy consumers (China and India), more assertive energy producers (Russia), and the threat of climate change have securitized the IPE of energy, and turned it more 'realist'. The main research question is therefore: 'What does a liberal actor do in a realist world?' The overall answer as far as the EU is concerned is that it approaches energy challenges as a problem of market failure: imperfect competition on the supply side; inadequate supply of public goods on the demand side and in terms of infrastructure; and large externalities that arise both from non-energy events and from large-scale consumption of fossil fuels. A Liberal Actor in a Realist World assesses the changing nature of the global political economy of energy and the European Union's response, and the external dimension of the regulatory state. The book concludes that the EU's soft power has a hard edge, which is derived primarily from its regulatory power. This works best when it targets companies rather than governments, and it is more effective in the 'Near Abroad' than at the global level. This makes the EU emerge an actor in its own right in the global political economy of energy - a 'Regulatory Power Europe'.
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The New Rules of the Game

Author: Andreas Goldthau,Jan Martin Witte

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9780815704645

Category: Political Science

Page: 372

View: 9207

The global market for oil and gas resources is rapidly changing. Three major trends—the rise of new consumers, the increasing influence of state players, and concerns about climate change—are combining to challenge existing regulatory structures, many of which have been in place for a half-century. Global Energy Governance analyzes the energy market from an institutionalist perspective and offers practical policy recommendations to deal with these new challenges. Much of the existing discourse on energy governance deals with hard security issues but neglects the challenges to global governance. Global Energy Governance fills this gap with perspectives on how regulatory institutions can ensure reliable sources of energy, evaluate financial risk, and provide emergency response mechanisms to deal with interruptions in supply. The authors bring together decisionmakers from industry, government, and civil society in order to address two central questions: •What are the current practices of existing institutions governing global oil and gas on financial markets? •How do these institutions need to adapt in order to meet the challenges of the twenty-first century? The resulting governance-oriented analysis of the three interlocking trends also provides the basis for policy recommendations to improve global regulation. Contributors include Thorsten Benner, Global Public Policy Institute, Berlin; William Blyth, Chatham House, Royal Institute for International Affairs, London; Albert Bressand, School of International and Public Affairs, Columbia University; Dick de Jong, Clingendael International Energy Programme; Ralf Dickel, Energy Charter Secretariat; Andreas Goldthau, Central European University, Budapest, and Global Public Policy Institute, Berlin; Enno Harks, Global Public Policy Institute, Berlin; Wade Hoxtell, Global Public Policy Institute, Berlin; Hillard Huntington, Energy Modeling Forum, Stanford University; Christine Jojarth, Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law, Stanford University; Frederic Kalinke, Department of Politics and International Relations, Oxford University; Wilfrid L. Kohl, School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University; Jamie Manzer, Global Public Policy Institute, Berlin; Amy Myers Jaffe, James A. Baker Institute for Public Policy, Rice University; Yulia Selivanova, Energy Charter Secretariat; Tom Smeenk, Clingendael International Energy Programme; Ricardo Soares de Oliveira, Department of Politics and International Relations, Oxford University; Ronald Soligo, Rice University; Joseph A. Stanislaw, Deloitte LLP and The JAStanislaw Group, LLC; Coby van der Linde, Clingendael International Energy Programme; Jan Martin Witte, Global Public Policy Institute, Berlin; Simonetta Zarrilli, Division on International Trade and Commodities, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
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Author: Andreas Goldthau

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119250692

Category: Political Science

Page: 568

View: 6990

This is the first handbook to provide a global policy perspective on energy, bringing together a diverse range of international energy issues in one volume. Maps the emerging field of global energy policy both for scholars and practitioners; the focus is on global issues, but it also explores the regional impact of international energy policies Accounts for the multi-faceted nature of global energy policy challenges and broadens discussions of these beyond the prevalent debates about oil supply Analyzes global energy policy challenges across the dimensions of markets, development, sustainability, and security, and identifies key global policy challenges for the future Comprises newly-commissioned research by an international team of scholars and energy policy practitioners
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The Political Economy of Conflict and Cooperation

Author: Jeffrey David Wilson

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 178643847X

Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS

Page: 288

View: 9061

Resource security is a new battleground in the international politics of the Asia-Pacific. With demand for minerals and energy surging, disputes are emerging over access and control of scarce natural resource endowments. Drawing on critical insights from political economy, this book explains why resources have emerged as a source of inter-state conflict in the region.
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Restoring Balance in a Post-Conflict Society

Author: Frank R. Gunter

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1849809895

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 9433

This groundbreaking volume offers a comprehensive look at the current state of IraqÕs political economy in the aftermath of the US-led overthrow of Saddam Hussein in 2003. Frank R. Gunter describes the unique difficulties facing the modern Iraqi economy and provides detailed recommendations for fostering future economic growth and stability. The book begins with an overview of IraqÕs current political, economic, and social status, including discussions of real growth, unemployment, inflation, health, poverty, education, and gender issues. This is followed by a comprehensive look at what the author identifies as the three dominant characteristics of the political economy of Iraq: corruption, political instability, and petroleum. Using these foundational ideas as a springboard, the book then provides a detailed breakdown of the Iraqi economy by sector, as well as discussions of IraqÕs fiscal, monetary, and exchange rate policies. The final chapter identifies the major trends that will determine the course of future economic development in Iraq and provides insightful recommendations for encouraging positive economic growth. Offering the most comprehensive and timely discussion of IraqÕs economy to date, this critical volume will appeal to students and professors of international studies, political economy, and Middle East studies as well as anyone considering doing business in this rapidly changing economy.
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Energy and Food Security Challenges in the 21st Century

Author: David Steven,Emily O'Brien,Bruce D. Jones

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 0815725345

Category: Political Science

Page: 365

View: 2029

Since 2008, energy and food markets—those most fundamental to human existence—have remained in turmoil. Resource scarcity has had a much bigger global impact in recent years than has been predicted, with ongoing volatility a sign that the world is only part-way through navigating a treacherous transition in the way it uses resources. Scarcity, and perceptions of scarcity, increase political risks, while geopolitical turmoil exacerbates shortages and complicates the search for solutions. The New Politics of Strategic Resources examines the political dimensions of strategic resource challenges at the domestic and international levels. For better or worse, energy and food markets are shaped by perceptions of national interest and do not behave as traditional market goods. So while markets are an essential part of any response to tighter resource supplies, governments also will play a key role. David Steven, Emily O'Brien, Bruce Jones, and their colleagues discuss what those roles are and what they should be. The architecture for coordinating multilateral responses to these dynamics has fallen short, raising questions about the effective international management of these issues. Politics impede here too, as the major powers must negotiate political and security trade-offs to cooperate on the design of more robust international regimes and mechanisms for resource security and the provision of global public goods. This timely volume includes chapters on major powers (United States, India, China) and key suppliers (Russia, Saudi Arabia). The contributors also address thematic topics, such as the interaction between oil and state fragility; the changing political dynamics of climate change; and the politics of resource subsidies.
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