Obstacles and Chances for Peace and Democracy

Author: Ferhad Ibrahim,Gülistan Gürbey

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825847449

Category: Kurds

Page: 208

View: 3489

At the core of the interest are the controversy on the political implementation of violence, the relevance of the international law for the conflict, the regional and foreign relations of the PKK, and the chances and obstacles of a peaceful democratic conflict resolution."--Jacket.
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New Perspectives on Violence, Representation and Reconciliation

Author: Cengiz Gunes,Welat Zeydanlioglu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135140634

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 5743

Almost three decades have passed since political violence erupted in Turkey’s south-eastern regions, where the majority of Turkey’s approximately 20 million Kurds live. In 1984, the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) initiated an insurgency which intensified in the following decades and continues to this day. Kurdish regions in Turkey were under military rule for more than a decade and the conflict has cost the lives of 45,000 people, including soldiers, guerrillas and civilians. The complex issue of the Kurdish Question in Turkey is subject to comprehensive examination in this book. This interdisciplinary edited volume brings together chapters by social theorists, political scientists, social anthropologists, sociologists, legal theorists and ethnomusicologists to provide new perspectives on this internationally significant issue. It elaborates on the complexity of the Kurdish question and examines the subject matter from a number of innovative angles. Considering historical, theoretical and political aspects of the Kurdish question in depth and raising issues that have not been discussed sufficiently in existing literature, this book is an invaluable resource for students and scholars of Nationalism and Conflict, Turkish Politics and Middle Eastern politics more broadly.
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A Spatial Perspective

Author: Zeynep Gambetti,Joost Jongerden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317581520

Category: Political Science

Page: 338

View: 9122

This volume gives a thorough and comprehensive analysis of the Kurdish issue in Turkey from a spatial perspective that takes into account geographical variations in identity formation, exclusion and political mobilisation. Although analysis of Turkey’s Kurdish issue from a spatial perspective is not new, spatial analyses are still relatively scarce. More often than not, Kurdish studies consist of time-centred work. In this book, the attention is shifted from outcome-oriented analysis of transformation in time towards a spatial analysis. The authors in this book discuss the spatial production of home, identity, work, in short, of being in the world. The contributions are based on the tacit avowal that the Kurdish question, in addition to being a question of group rights, is also one of spatial relations. By asking a different set of questions, this book examines; which spatial strategies have been employed to deal with Kurds? Which spatial strategies are developed by Kurds to deal with state, and with the neo-liberal turn? How are these strategies absorbed and what counter-strategies are developed, both in cities populated by the Kurds in south-eastern Turkey and in other regions? Emphasizing that identity or place, its particularity or uniqueness, arises from social practices and social relations, this book is essential reading for scholars and researchers working in Kurdish and Turkish Studies, Urban and Rural Studies and Politics more broadly.
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Author: Stavroula Chrisdoulaki

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640767004

Category: Kurds

Page: 44

View: 5483

Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Peace and Conflict Studies, Security, grade: A, University of Flensburg, language: English, abstract: The Kurdish issue in the contemporary history is becoming more and more salient considering the geopolitical and strategic area of Middle East. Particularly in Turkey this issue becomes crucial for the future of the whole region since almost half of the worldwide Kurds live in Turkey, who consists of the biggest ethnic minority of the country. It is essential to understand the emergence of this conflict, mainly the distinct Kurdish identity and formation of the collective Kurdish groups that claimed the rights of Kurds. Furthermore, it is important to understand the formation of Turkish Republic and the factors that contributed to the perpetuation and in to some extend the expansion of this conflict. Furthermore, the factors that affected the conflict and led to its recent formation and also the various parameters that this issue has in the country should be analyzed in detail. Eventually, in order to understand a fruitful solution to this issue it is essential to highlight all these variables that have an impact to Kurdish population not only in Turkey but in the whole area of Middle East.
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Its Impact on Turkey and the Middle East

Author: Robert W. Olson

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 9780813108964

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 5424

Describes the situation of the world's largest ethnic group without a homeland, and explains the effect on the politics of Turkey and other countries where Kurds live
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An Analysis of Spatical Policies, Modernity and War

Author: Joost Jongerden

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004155570

Category: History

Page: 354

View: 7920

Drawing on central issues in social sciences, modernity, nationalism, conflict and rural development, this book offers a comprehensive reading of settlement and resettlement in Turkey, not only the village evacuations in Turkish Kurdistan in the 1980s and 1990s, but also previous settlement and resettlement policies.
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Evolving National Identity in Iraq, Turkey, And Iran

Author: Denise Natali

Publisher: Syracuse University Press

ISBN: 9780815630845

Category: History

Page: 238

View: 5512

Examining Kurdish nationalism as a function of diverse political spaces, this book analyzes the formation of Kurdish national identity. In tracing the evolution of Kurdish nationalism, the author shows that, contrary to popular theories, there is nothing natural or fixed about Kurdish identity or the configuration that Kurdish nationalism assumes.
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Author: Nader Entessar

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780739140390

Category: Political Science

Page: 265

View: 6196

Kurdish Politics in the Middle East analyzes Kurdish politics in Iran, Iraq, and Turkey and places Kurdish socio-political developments in the context of regional and global politics. The book also explains the impact of the downfall of Saddam Hussein's regime in Iraq on Kurdish autonomy.
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Author: Abdullah Öcalan

Publisher: XinXii

ISBN: 3942961148

Category: Political Science

Page: 430

View: 4148

Die kurdische Geschichte vor dem Hintergrund der Geschichte Mesopotamiens bildet die Grundlage für die Überlegungen Öcalans zur Kurdischen Frage. Etwa 40 Millionen Kurden leben verteilt über sämtliche Staaten des Mittleren Ostens. In der Türkei, Irak, Iran und Syrien bilden sie starke Minderheiten. Zahllose Rebellionen, insbesondere in der Türkei, wurden in der Vergangenheit blutig niedergeschlagen. Öcalan setzt sich in diesem Band mit den Faktoren auseinander, die dazu beitrugen, dass die PKK das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Kurden zunächst mit der Gründung eines eigenen Staates erreichen wollte. Dabei geht er auch berechtigter Selbstkritik nicht aus dem Wege, um schließlich eine neue Vision zu skizzieren: Die Freiheit der Kurden umzusetzen, ohne die politischen Grenzen der mittelöstlichen Staaten zu verändern, aber den Inhalt der betroffenen Gemeinwesen radikal zu ändern und damit die Bildung einer demokratischen Föderation der Staaten des Mittleren Ostens zu ermöglichen. Diese Region befindet sich in jüngster Zeit im Umbruch und der „arabische Frühling“ deutet an, dass auch hier der Gedanke der Freiheit der lang andauernden Unterdrückung ein Ende machen könnte.
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The Kurds and the State

Author: Durukan Kuzu

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 1108417825

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 6960

Looks at the situation of Kurds in Turkey through the lens of multiculturalism, giving us a fresh and new comparative perspective.
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The Question of Human Security and Conflict Transformation

Author: Tim Jacoby,Alpaslan Özerdem

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0739143417

Category: Political Science

Page: 186

View: 2619

"Peace in Turkey 2023: The Question of Human Security and Conflict Transformation, by Tim Jacoby and Alpaslan èOzerdem, explores how the Kurdish conflict could possibly be transformed towards positive peace. Using scenario-writing derived from peace theory to highlight new ways to consider political violence in Turkey, this study will appeal to both specialist and non-specialist students and teachers from a diverse range of disciplinary backgrounds"--
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An Example of a Trans-state Ethnic Conflict

Author: Kemal Kirisci,Gareth M. Winrow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113521770X

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 824

This volume examines the Kurdish question in Turkey, tracing its developments from the end of the Ottoman Empire to the present day. The study considers: secession; federal schemes; various forms of autonomy; the provision of special rights; and further democratization.
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A Contemporary Overview

Author: Philip G. Kreyenbroek,Stefan Sperl

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134907664

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 5214

The position of the 19 million Kurds is an extremely complex one. Their territory is divided between 5 sovereign states, none of which have a Kurdish majority. They speak widely divergent dialects, and are also divided by religious affiliations and social factors. It has taken the tragic and horrifying events in Iraq this year to bring the Kurds to the centre of the world stage, but their particular problems, and their considerable geo-political importance, have been the source of growing concern and interest during the last two to three decades. There is a remarkable dearth of reliable and up-to-date information about the Kurds, which this book remedies. Its contributors cover social and political issues, legal questions, religion, language, and the modern history of Kurds in Turkey, Iraq, Iran, Syria and the Soviet Union. The Kurds will be an invaluable source of reference for students and specialists in Middle East studies, and those concerned with wider questions of nationalism and cultural identity. It also offers extremely useful background information for those with a professional concern for the numerous Kurdish immigrants and asylum seekers in Western Europe and North America.
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Discourse & Politics Since 1990

Author: Hamid Akin Unver

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317511336

Category: Political Science

Page: 178

View: 1788

The Kurdish question is one of the most complicated and protracted conflicts of the Middle East and will never be resolved unless it is finally defined. The majority of the Kurdish people live in Turkey, which gives the country a unique position in the larger Kurdish conundrum. Society in Turkey is deeply divided over the definition and even existence of the Kurdish question, and this uncertainty has long manifested itself in its complete denial, or in accusations of political rivals of ‘separatism’ and even ‘treason’. Turkey’s Kurdish Question explores how these denial and acknowledgement dynamics often reveal pre-existing political ideology and agenda priorities, themselves becoming political actions. While the very term "Kurdish question" is discussed in the academic literature as a given, a new and systemic study is required to deconstruct and analyze the constitutive parts of this discursive construct. This book provides the first comprehensive study and analysis of the discursive constructions and perceptions of what is broadly defined as the "Kurdish question" in Turkish, European and American political cultures. Furthermore, its new methodological approach to the study of discourse and politics of secessionist conflicts can be applied to many similar intra-state conflict cases. Turkey’s Kurdish Question would suit students and scholars of Middle East studies, Conflict studies and Comparative Politics, as well as Turkish or Kurdish studies. H. Akın Ünver is an assistant professor of international relations at Kadir Has University. This book is based on his dissertation ‘Defining Turkey’s Kurdish Question‘, which has won the Middle East Studies Association (MESA) 2010 Malcolm H. Kerr award for the best dissertation in the field of social sciences.
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Kemalist Identity in Transition

Author: Omer Taspinar

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 041594998X

Category: History

Page: 277

View: 5868

This text is an attempt to study Turkey's national and secular identity in light of the challenges posed by Kurdish nationalism and political Islam.
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A Spatial Perspective

Author: Joost Jongerden

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781317376934

Category: City and town life

Page: 338

View: 4633

"This volume gives a thorough and comprehensive analysis of the Kurdish issue in Turkey from a spatial perspective that takes into account geographical variations in identity formation, exclusion and political mobilisation. Although analysis of Turkey's Kurdish issue from a spatial perspective is not new, spatial analyses are still relatively scarce. More often than not, Kurdish studies consist of time-centred work. In this book, the attention is shifted from outcome-oriented analysis of transformation in time towards a spatial analysis. The authors in this book discuss the spatial production of home, identity, work, in short, of being in the world. The contributions are based on the tacit avowal that the Kurdish question, in addition to being a question of group rights, is also one of spatial relations. By asking a different set of questions, this book examines; which spatial strategies have been employed to deal with Kurds? Which spatial strategies are developed by Kurds to deal with state, and with the neo-liberal turn? How are these strategies absorbed and what counter-strategies are developed, both in cities populated by the Kurds in south-eastern Turkey and in other regions? Emphasizing that identity or place, its particularity or uniqueness, arises from social practices and social relations, this book is essential reading for scholars and researchers working in Kurdish and Turkish Studies, Urban and Rural Studies and Politics more broadly"--
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Author: Henri J. Barkey

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0585177732

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 6475

The Kurds, one of the oldest ethnic groups in the Middle East, are reasserting their identity-politically and through violence. Turkey's essentially democratic structure and civil society-ideal tools for coping with and incorporating minority challenge-have so far been suspended on this issue, which the government is treating almost exclusively as a security problem to be dealt with by force. This study explores the roots, dimensions, character, and evolution of the problem, offers a range of approaches to a resolution of the conflict, and draws broader parallels between the Kurdish question and other separatist movements worldwide.
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Author: Veli Yadirgi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107181232

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 2258

In recent years, the persecution of the Kurds in the Middle East under ISIS in Iraq and Syria has drawn increasing attention from the international media. In this book, Veli Yadirgi analyses the socioeconomic and political structures and transformations of the Kurdish people from the Ottoman era through to the modern Turkish Republic, arguing that there is a symbiotic relationship between the Kurdish question and the de-development of the predominantly Kurdish domains, making an ideal read for historians of the region and those studying the socio-political and economic evolution of the Kurds. First outlining theoretical perspectives on Kurdish identity, socioeconomic development and the Kurdish question, Yadirgi then explores the social, economic and political origins of Ottoman Kurdistan following its annexation by the Ottomans in 1514. Finally, he deals with the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, and the subsequent foundation and evolution of the Kurdish question in the new Turkish Republic.
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the question of assimilation

Author: Metin Heper

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780333646281

Category: History

Page: 249

View: 2754

The current literature on the Kurds in Turkey is based on the assumption that since the 19th century the State has attempted to assimilate the Kurds and that this has been the cause of the intermittent "troubles" in Turkey. Metin Heper argues that this theory does not stand up to scrutiny given the many centuries of amicable relations between the State and the Kurds. He suggests that a theory of acculturation rather than assimilation better captures the real nature of State-Kurd interaction in Turkey, by not leaving any part of that interaction unaccounted for.
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