The Results of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations

Author: World Trade Organization

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521785808

Category: Law

Page: 492

View: 6920

Contains GATT, GATS, TRIPS, the new dispute settlement procedures and the legal framework of the WTO.
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Aid, Emerging Economies and Global Policies

Author: Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137003405

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 212

View: 4771

International development cooperation is undergoing a revolution in order to cope with global challenges that cut across the rich/poor and North/South divides. Beyond the fight against poverty, development aid is called upon to address global public goods. While intergovernmental negotiations stall, bilateral and multilateral aid agencies boast to tackle climate change, food insecurity, water and energy scarcity, pandemics, armed conflicts and disasters in weak states, migrations, etc. The emergence of new aid actors radically alters the traditional aid architecture and approaches. The increasing number of poor living in middle-income countries makes poverty alleviation more of a political than a technical endeavour. The book examines how this profoundly affects international development cooperation. It questions how far bilateral and multilateral aid agencies succeed in mainstreaming global issues in their operations. It assesses how emerging and traditional donors address competing objectives, often with diverging rationales. -- Publisher description.
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Author: Stephan W. Schill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521762367

Category: Law

Page: 451

View: 6414

The book argues that international investment law is a structured body of law based on uniform principles of investment protection.
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Text, Cases and Materials

Author: Peter Van den Bossche

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139475193

Category: Law

Page: 917

View: 2482

As the leading student text in the field, this title provides both a detailed examination of the law of the World Trade Organization and a clear introduction to the basic principles and underlying logic of the world trading system. It explores the institutional aspects of the WTO together with the substantive law. New to this edition are examinations of the WTO rules on the protection of intellectual property and the rules on technical barriers to trade and sanitary and phytosanitary measures. Assignments are integrated throughout to allow students to assess their understanding, while chapter summaries reinforce learning. In addition further-reading sections have been added to each chapter and exercises have been included to draw on primary sources and real-life trade scenarios, enabling students to hone their practical and analytical skills. The title is an essential tool for any student of the WTO, either at undergraduate or postgraduate level.
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The Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization and its Annexes

Author: World Trade Organization

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108540198

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 6581

This publication contains the text of the WTO's founding agreement, the 1994 Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization, and its Annexes, including all amendments and additions since its entry into force until September 2017. These include an amendment to the WTO's intellectual property agreement (TRIPS Agreement) aimed at improving developing countries' access to medicines, the WTO's Trade Facilitation Agreement, which entered into force in February 2017, an amendment adopted in July 2017 to extend the frequency of peer review periods under the Trade Policy Review Mechanism as of 2019, and the amended Government Procurement Agreement. This publication updates and replaces The Legal Texts: The Results of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations, which was first printed in 1994.
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Author: C. Kuzemko,A. Belyi,A. Goldthau,M. Keating

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230370942

Category: Political Science

Page: 292

View: 9410

Energy in Europe and Russia is in flux. This book presents a rich set of case studies for analyzing the complex and intertwined regional dynamics of multiple actors, levels, and policy fields in energy throughout Europe and Russia, with the aim of offering an alternative view to the prevalent geopolitical or neoliberal approaches.
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Author: Gail Evans

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041198067

Category: Law

Page: 282

View: 5915

This work lays the foundation for an empirical understanding of the WTO constitution as a response to the logic of intellectual property law. It concludes that the WTO and its institutions must find ways of conforming to the democratic principles of accountability, transparency and representation.
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The Rules and Exceptions

Author: William J. Davey

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9004233148

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 3368

International trade is conducted mainly under the rules of the World Trade Organization. Its non-discrimination rules are of fundamental importance. In essence, they require WTO members not to discriminate amongst products of other WTO members in trade matters (the mostfavoured- nation rule) and, subject to permitted market-access limitations, not to discriminate against products of other WTO members in favour of domestic products (the national treatment rule). The interpretation of these rules is quite difficult. Their reach is potentially so broad that it has been felt that they should be limited by a number of exceptions, some of which also present interpretative difficulties. Indeed, one of the principal conundrums faced by WTO dispute settlement is how to strike the appropriate balance between the rules and exceptions. Davey explores the background and justification for the non-discrimination rules and examines how the rules and the exceptions have been interpreted in WTO dispute settlement. He gives considerable attention to whether the exceptions give sufficient discretion to WTO members to pursue their legitimate non-trade policy goals.
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World Trade Forum

Author: Thomas Cottier,Rosa M. Lastra,Christian Tietje

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316061698

Category: Law

Page: 614

View: 5265

The global financial crisis and subsequent sovereign debt crisis in Europe demonstrated that the relationship between law and economics in the design of the monetary system must be revisited. International monetary affairs are usually conducted via domestic monetary policies which are formulated by independent central banks and informed mainly by economics, without much room being left to substantive law. Based on the 2012 World Trade Forum, this volume brings together leading scholars, practitioners and policy makers in international economic law in order to examine the potential of law and legal methodology to contribute to international monetary stability. It explores the links between and lessons to be learnt from existing international investment and trading systems and studies some specific policy issues which have a direct impact on monetary affairs, such as exchange rate policy, sovereign debt, taxation, competitiveness, trade imbalances, austerity programmes and human rights.
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Author: Pierre Sauve,Aaditya Mattoo

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821383434

Category: Political Science

Page: 244

View: 5841

Trade in services, far more than trade in goods, is affected by a variety of domestic regulations, ranging from qualification and licensing requirements in professional services to pro-competitive regulation in telecommunications services. Experience shows that the quality of regulation strongly influences the consequences of trade liberalization. WTO members have agreed that a central task in the ongoing services negotiations will be to develop a set of rules to ensure that domestic regulations support rather than impede trade liberalization. Since these rules are bound to have a profound impact on the evolution of policy, particularly in developing countries, it is important that they be conducive to economically rational policy-making. This book addresses two central questions: What impact can international trade rules on services have on the exercise of domestic regulatory sovereignty? And how can services negotiations be harnessed to promote and consolidate domestic policy reform across highly diverse sectors? The book, with contributions from several of the world's leading experts in the field, explores a range of rule-making challenges arising at this policy interface, in areas such as transparency, standards and the adoption of a necessity test for services trade. Contributions also provide an in-depth look at these issues in the key areas of accountancy, energy, finance, health, telecommunications and transportation services.
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Law, Politics & Legitimacy

Author: Robert Howse

Publisher: Cameron May

ISBN: 1905017278

Category: Foreign trade regulation

Page: 314

View: 6432

No one with a serious professional or intellectual interst in the WTO can ignore the essays in this volume, many of which have been major flashpoints of contoversy and debate in the field- such as the attack on the product/process distinction and the critique of the "constitutional" perspective on the WTO, to give but two examples. Written against the backdrop of the post-Seattle legitimacy crisis of t he WTO.
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Essays on WTO Dispute Settlement and GATT Obligations

Author: William J. Davey

Publisher: Cameron May

ISBN: 1905017405

Category: Foreign trade regulation

Page: 339

View: 6053

Enforcing World Trade Rules is a collection of essays on themost pertinent and contemporary issues relating to the World Trade Organization's dispute settlement system and the basic obligations found in the WTO agreements.
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Author: R. Bird,Robert Bird,Subhash C. Jain

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1848444885

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 3006

. . . a gratifying collection of informed and engaging contributions. John A. Tessensohn, European Intellectual Property Review The importance of intellectual property rights is now well established as a vital component in the success of firms and nations. The diverse contributors to this volume, drawn from the fields of law, business and economics, clarify and analyze the problems and promise of IP policy from a global perspective. They discuss both developed and emerging nations and advance the understanding of this increasingly important topic. The articles address issues from an interdisciplinary focus with an emphasis on current topical issues. Topics addressed include intellectual rights protection in emerging nations such as China, an exploration of a specific cross-national intellectual property perspective, strategies for protecting intellectual property rights, and a guide to understanding emerging and non-western legal systems. A mix of theoretical and practical observations helps the reader navigate the increasingly international topic of intellectual property as well as offers strategies for optimal utilization of intellectual property assets. The volume serves well both as a solution-oriented book and as a tool for facilitating further discussion and analysis in the classroom. Scholars and students in law, business and economics, as well as business practitioners interested in a global perspective on IP policy, will enjoy this book.
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Author: Kern Alexander,Mads Tønnesson Andenæs

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004162445

Category: Law

Page: 1

View: 3346

The World Trade Organisation plays the primary role in regulating international trade in goods, services and intellectual property. Traditionally, international trade law and regulation has been analysed primarily from the trade-in-goods perspective. Services are becoming an important competence for the WTO. The institutional, legal and regulatory influence of the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) on domestic economic policymaking is attracting increasing attention in the academic and policymaking literature. The growing importance of services trade to the global economy makes the application of the GATS to trade in services an important concern of international economic policy. The GATS contains important innovations that build on the former GATT and existing WTO/GATT trade regime for goods. This book fills a void in the academic and policymaking literature by examining how the GATS governs international trade in services and its growing impact on the regulatory practice of WTO member states. It offers a unique discussion of the major is-sues confronting WTO member states by analysing the GATS and related international trade issues from a variety of perspectives that include law, political economy, regulation, and business. Moreover, the role of the WTO in promoting liberalised trade and economic development has come under serious strain because of the breakdown of the Doha Development Round negotiations. The book analyses the issues in the Doha services debate with some suggested policy approaches that might help build a more durable GATS framework. The book is a welcomed addition to the WTO literature and will serve as a point of reference for academics, policymakers andpractitioners.
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New Perspectives

Author: Mitsuo Matsushita,Dukgeun Ahn

Publisher: Cameron May

ISBN: 1874698643

Category: Dispute resolution (Law)

Page: 523

View: 5979

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Author: Christopher Heath,Anselm Kamperman Sanders

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 184731399X

Category: Law

Page: 248

View: 4526

Intellectual Property and Free Trade Agreements presents the papers of the sixth IP conference organised by the Macau Institute of European Studies (IEEM) on intellectual property law and the economic challenges for Asia. The objective of the conferences is to provide up-to-date information on developments in global intellectual property law and policy and their impact on regional economic and cultural development. The current volume deals with the implications of free trade agreements for the international framework of intellectual property law, a topic of enormous economic and legal importance given the increasing number of free trade agreements in force or under negotiation.
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Creating a Trading System for Development

Author: Merlinda Ingco,John D. Nash

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 082138368X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 406

View: 4007

Developing countries have a major stake in the outcome of trade negotiations conducted under the auspices of the World Trade Organization (WTO). 'Agriculture and the WTO: Creating a Trading System for Development' explores the key issues and options in agricultural trade liberalization from the perspective of these developing countries. Leading experts in trade and agriculture from both developed and developing countries provide key research findings and policy analyses on a range of issues that includes market access, domestic support, export competition, quota administration methods, food security, biotechnology, intellectual property rights, and agricultural trade under the Uruguay Round Agreement on Agriculture. Material is covered in summary and in comprehensive detail with supporting data, a substantial bibliography, and listings of online resources. This book will be of interest to policymakers and analysts in the fields of development economics and commodities pricing and trade.
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Volume I: The Law of the Sea

Author: David Attard,Malgosia Fitzmaurice,Norman A. Martinez Gutierrez

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191509949

Category: Law

Page: 640

View: 4975

This three-volume Manual on International Maritime Law presents a systematic analysis of the history and contemporary development of international maritime law by leading contributors from across the world. Prepared in cooperation with the International Maritime Law Institute, the International Maritime Organization's research and training institute, this a uniquely comprehensive study of this fundamental area of international law. Volume I: The Law of the Sea addresses the major issues which arise in the law of the sea. It provides a detailed understanding of the historical development of the law of the sea; the role of the International Maritime Organization; the law surrounding maritime zones; the legal regime of islands; the international sea-bed area; the legal regime governing marine scientific research; the rights and obligations of land-locked and geographically disadvantaged states; the legal regime of Arctic and Antarctic; and the settlements of disputes. This volume also considers the ways in which human rights and the law of the sea interact. The forthcoming Volume II will address shipping law; Volume III will provide analysis of marine environmental law and maritime security law. The full three-volume Manual will set out the entirety of international maritime law, re-stating and re-examining its fundamental principles, how it is enacted, and the issues that are shaping its future. It will be a superlative resource for those working with or studying this area of law.
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