Third International Conference, ITrust 2005, Paris, France, May 23-26, 2005, Proceedings

Author: Peter Herrmann,Valerie Issarny

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540260424

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 426

View: 6927

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Trust Management, iTrust 2005, held in Paris, France in May 2005. The 21 revised full papers and 4 revised short papers presented together with 2 keynote papers and 7 trust management tool and systems demonstration reports were carefully reviewed and selected from 71 papers submitted. Besides technical issues in distributed computing and open systems, topics from law, social sciences, business, and psychology are addressed in order to develop a deeper and more comprehensive understanding of current aspects and challenges in the area of trust management in dynamic open systems.
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Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Computational Intelligence in Security for Information Systems (CISIS’10)

Author: Álvaro Herrero,Emilio Corchado,Carlos Redondo Gil,Ángel Alonso Alvarez

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642166266

Category: Computers

Page: 240

View: 1101

rd The 3 International Conference on Computational Intelligence in Security for Information Systems (CISIS 2010) provided a broad and interdisciplinary forum to present the most recent developments in several very active scientific areas such as Machine Learning, Infrastructure Protection, Intelligent Methods in Energy and Transportation, Network Security, Biometry, Cryptography, High-performance and Grid Computing, and Industrial Perspective among others. The global purpose of CISIS series of conferences has been to form a broad and interdisciplinary meeting ground offering the opportunity to interact with the leading research team and industries actively involved in the critical area of security, and have a picture of the current solutions adopted in practical domains. This volume of Advances in Intelligence and Soft Computing contains accepted papers presented at CISIS 2010, which was held in León, Spain, on November 11–12, 2010. CISIS 2010 received over 50 technical submissions. After a thorough peer-review process, the International Program Committee - lected 25 papers which are published in this conference proceedings. This allowed the Scientific Committee to verify the vital and crucial nature of the topics - volved in the event, and resulted in an acceptance rate close to 50% of the ori- nally submitted manuscripts.
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Data Protection by Design and Default for the Internet of Things

Author: Aurelia Tamò-Larrieux

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319986244

Category: Law

Page: 254

View: 4642

This book discusses the implementation of privacy by design in Europe, a principle that has been codified within the European Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). While privacy by design inspires hope for future privacy-sensitive designs, it also introduces the need for a common understanding of the legal and technical concepts of privacy and data protection. By pursuing an interdisciplinary approach and comparing the problem definitions and objectives of both disciplines, this book bridges the gap between the legal and technical fields in order to enhance the regulatory and academic discourse. The research presented reveals the scope of legal principles and technical tools for privacy protection, and shows that the concept of privacy by design goes beyond the principle of the GDPR. The book presents an analysis of how current regulations delegate the implementation of technical privacy and data protection measures to developers and describes how policy design must evolve in order to implement privacy by design and default principles.
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Author: Michael Butler,Cliff Jones,Alexander Romanovsky,Elena Troubitsyna

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540482652

Category: Computers

Page: 402

View: 5212

Many software systems have reached a level of complication, mainly because of their size, heterogeneity and distribution, which results in faults appearing that cannot be traced back easily to the code. Some of these "faults" could also be unexpected program behavior that appears as a result of interactions between different parts of the program; this is commonly known as complexity. New methods, approaches, tools and techniques are needed to cope with the increasing complexity in software systems; amongst them, fault-tolerance techniques and formal methods, supported by the corresponding tools, are promising solutions. This book brings together papers focusing on the application of rigorous design techniques to the development of fault-tolerant, software-based systems. This volume is an outcome of the REFT 2005 Workshop on Rigorous Engineering of Fault-Tolerant Systems held in conjunction with the Formal Methods 2005 conference at Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, in July 2005. The authors of the best workshop papers were asked to enhance and expand their work and a number of well-established researchers working in the area contributed invited chapters. From the 19 refereed and revised papers presented, 12 are versions reworked from the workshop; 9 of them are totally new. The book is rounded off by two provocatively different position on the role of programming languages.
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Author: Frank op 't Eynde,Willy Sansen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792393481

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 251

View: 8507

The ever-increasing complexity and speed of digital circuits has considerably modified the architecture of integrated signal processing systems, resulting in the analog parts of the system being pushed towards the boundaries of the signal processing chain. The specification requirements of these analog interface circuits are becoming very strict, in order to fully benefit from the speed performance and the high dynamic range offered by digital circuits. Analog Interfaces for Digital Signal Processing Systems analyzes the analog interfaces of a digital signal processing chain, and presents techniques to obtain maximum performance for various technologies and applications. The book serves as a general introduction and as a reference work in the fields of low-distortion analog circuits and oversampled data converters. It can also be used as the text for advanced courses covering these topics.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: N.A

View: 5766

Books in print is the major source of information on books currently published and in print in the United States. The database provides the record of forthcoming books, books in-print, and books out-of-print.
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Author: Thierry van Cutsem,Κώστας Βουρνάς

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792381396

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 378

View: 5057

Voltage Stability of Electric Power Systems presents a clear description of voltage instability and collapse phenomena. It proposes a uniform and coherent theoretical framework for analysis and covers state-of-the-art methods. The book describes practical methods that can be used for voltage security assessment and offers a variety of examples. This is a first attempt to condense the technical papers and reports on this subject into a single, coherent, and theoretically sound presentation. Transmission, generation, and load aspects of the voltage instability problem are treated in detail, and a comprehensive power system model for use in voltage stability analysis is developed and explained. Notions and concepts from nonlinear system theory are presented in a tutorial manner for the use of those new to the field. Loadability, sensitivity, and bifurcation analysis of voltage stability are introduced and treated in depth. Voltage instability mechanisms are classified and minutely examined, together with the countermeasures that can be used to avoid them. In addition, voltage security criteria and methods are reviewed, analyzed and illustrated through realistic computer results. Voltage Stability is a relatively recent and challenging problem in Power Systems Engineering. It is gaining in importance as the trend of operating power systems closer to their limits continues to increase.
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Author: George J. Klir

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306466236

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 740

View: 1810

This is the substantially updated second edition of the first comprehensive overview of systems science for advanced undergraduate and graduate students. This new edition adds supplemental examples and exercises, and a selection of recent papers in systems science. From a review in Kybernetika : "One is struck in reading Facets at just how monumental of an undertaking this... As Klir presents it, systems science represents a new dimension of science. ...I would like to suggest that a close study of Facets is likely to benefit anyone interested in gaining new insights into scientific inquiry itself as well as new methods for investigating problems of individual interest. Thanks Professor Klir!" -Richard M. Smith
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A Unified Approach to Assessment and Control

Author: Mania Pavella,Damien Ernst,Daniel Ruiz-Vega

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792379638

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 237

View: 3419

Transient Stability of Power Systems is a monograph devoted to a hybrid-direct temporal method called SIME (for Single Machine Equivalent). SIME processes temporal information about the multimachine system dynamics to assess and control any type of transient instabilities under any type and model of power systems. Two approaches may be distinguished depending upon the source of information used: `Preventative SIME' which relies on a time-domain program to simulate anticipated contingencies, and `Emergency SIME' which uses real-time measurements. Preventative SIME mainly comprises two techniques: contingency filtering, ranking, and assessment; and (simultaneous) stabilization of harmful contingencies. The resulting preventative transient stability assessment and control (TSA&C) software can be used in all application contexts of transient stability studies. In a control center, for instance, its computational performances enable it to cope with very stringent requirements of real-time operation. Besides, interfacing SIME with an OPF algorithm allows combining transient stability constraints with specifics of the liberalized electricity market. Emergency SIME is a novel closed-loop control technique which contains the transient instabilities caused by contingencies' actual occurrence. It relies on real-time measurements to predict (the size of) instability and, accordingly, to design and trigger control actions able to impede system loss of synchronism. Emergency SIME is particularly suitable for protecting important generation sites and can complement preventative SIME. Both approaches rely on the same principles and basic software which yields a comprehensive and unified approach to TSA&C. The design of near optimal control techniques is a major asset of this software. This book provides extensive illustrations on a variety of power systems ranging from a simple 3-machine test system to real-world power systems comprising up to 627 generators and 4112 busses. Transient Stability of Power Systems will be especially helpful to researchers, utility engineers, and software designers and developers who are developing various types of transient stability software packages.
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Author: Albert John Walford,Library Association

Publisher: London : Library Association Pub.

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 687

View: 2184

A revised and updated guide to reference material. It contains selective and evaluative entries to guide the enquirer to the best source of reference in each subject area, be it journal article, CD-ROM, on-line database, bibliography, encyclopaedia, monograph or directory. It features full critical annotations and reviewers' comments and comprehensive author-title and subject indexes. The contents include: mathematics; astronomy and surveying; physics; chemistry; earth sciences; palaeontology; anthropology; biology; natural history; botany; zoology; patents and interventions; medicine; engineering; transport vehicles; agriculture and livestock; household management; communication; chemical industry; manufactures; industries, trades and crafts; and the building industry.
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The Development of the SPHINX System

Author: Kai-Fu Lee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780898382969

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 207

View: 8577

Speech Recognition has a long history of being one of the difficult problems in Artificial Intelligence and Computer Science. As one goes from problem solving tasks such as puzzles and chess to perceptual tasks such as speech and vision, the problem characteristics change dramatically: knowledge poor to knowledge rich; low data rates to high data rates; slow response time (minutes to hours) to instantaneous response time. These characteristics taken together increase the computational complexity of the problem by several orders of magnitude. Further, speech provides a challenging task domain which embodies many of the requirements of intelligent behavior: operate in real time; exploit vast amounts of knowledge, tolerate errorful, unexpected unknown input; use symbols and abstractions; communicate in natural language and learn from the environment. Voice input to computers offers a number of advantages. It provides a natural, fast, hands free, eyes free, location free input medium. However, there are many as yet unsolved problems that prevent routine use of speech as an input device by non-experts. These include cost, real time response, speaker independence, robustness to variations such as noise, microphone, speech rate and loudness, and the ability to handle non-grammatical speech. Satisfactory solutions to each of these problems can be expected within the next decade. Recognition of unrestricted spontaneous continuous speech appears unsolvable at present. However, by the addition of simple constraints, such as clarification dialog to resolve ambiguity, we believe it will be possible to develop systems capable of accepting very large vocabulary continuous speechdictation.
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A Hybrid Approach

Author: Hervé Bourlard,Hervé A. Bourlard,Nelson Morgan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792393962

Category: Science

Page: 312

View: 8188

Connectionist Speech Recognition: A Hybrid Approach describes the theory and implementation of a method to incorporate neural network approaches into state of the art continuous speech recognition systems based on hidden Markov models (HMMs) to improve their performance. In this framework, neural networks (and in particular, multilayer perceptrons or MLPs) have been restricted to well-defined subtasks of the whole system, i.e. HMM emission probability estimation and feature extraction. The book describes a successful five-year international collaboration between the authors. The lessons learned form a case study that demonstrates how hybrid systems can be developed to combine neural networks with more traditional statistical approaches. The book illustrates both the advantages and limitations of neural networks in the framework of a statistical systems. Using standard databases and comparison with some conventional approaches, it is shown that MLP probability estimation can improve recognition performance. Other approaches are discussed, though there is no such unequivocal experimental result for these methods. Connectionist Speech Recognition is of use to anyone intending to use neural networks for speech recognition or within the framework provided by an existing successful statistical approach. This includes research and development groups working in the field of speech recognition, both with standard and neural network approaches, as well as other pattern recognition and/or neural network researchers. The book is also suitable as a text for advanced courses on neural networks or speech processing.
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Author: Alper Demir,Alberto Sangiovanni-Vincentelli

Publisher: Kluwer Academic Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 275

View: 6468

The existence of electrical noise is basically due to the fact that electrical charge is not continuous but is carried in discrete amounts equal to the electron charge. Electrical noise represents a fundamental limit on the performance of electronic circuits and systems. With the explosive growth in the personal mobile communications market, the need for noise analysis/simulation techniques for nonlinear electronic circuits and systems has been re-emphasized. Even though most of the signal processing is done in the digital domain, every wireless communication device has an analog front-end which is usually the bottleneck in the design of the whole system. The requirements for low-power operation and higher levels of integration create new challenges in the design of the analog signal processing subsystems of these mobile communication devices. The effect of noise on the performance of these inherently nonlinear analog circuits is becoming more and more significant. Analysis and Simulation of Noise in Nonlinear Electronic Circuits and Systems presents analysis, simulation and characterization techniques and behavioral models for noise in nonlinear electronic circuits and systems, along with practical examples. This book treats the problem within the framework of, and using techniques from, the probabilistic theory of stochastic processes and stochastic differential systems. Analysis and Simulation of Noise in Nonlinear Electronic Circuits and Systems will be of interest to RF/analog designers as well as engineers interested in stochastic modeling and simulation.
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Author: Rocci Luppicini,Rebecca Adell

Publisher: IGI Global Snippet

ISBN: 9781605660226

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1082

View: 4140

"This book traces the emergence of the new interdisciplinary field of technoethics by exploring its conceptual development, important issues, and key areas of current research. Compiling 50 authoritative articles from leading researchers on the ethical dimensions of new technologies"--Provided by publisher.
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Author: Jan Crols,Michiel Steyaert

Publisher: Boom Koninklijke Uitgevers

ISBN: 9780792399605

Category: Computers

Page: 240

View: 9827

The revolution in wireless communications sets new requirements for transceivers (transmitter-receivers). Higher operating frequencies, lower power consumption and very high degree of integration, are new specifications which require design approaches quite different from classical RF design techniques. The integratability and power consumption reduction of the digital component will further improve with the continued downscaling of technologies. This is, however, completely different for the analog transceiver front-end, the component which interfaces between the antenna and the digital signal processor. The analog front-end's integratability and power consumption are closely related to the physical limitations of the transceiver topology and not so much to the scaling of the used technology. CMOS Wireless Transceiver Design is the first book to give a comprehensive treatment of the design of transceivers for use in wireless communication systems. The book overviews existing transceiver design and goes on to introduce new multi-path receiver and transmitter topologies. It also presents a formal methodology for the high-level design of transceiver architectures and fully illustrates its use in the design of a low-IF/direct upconversion GSM transceiver front-end. CMOS Wireless Transceiver Design further demonstrates its practical nature by containing concluding chapters which study both the integration of RF building blocks in CMOS and the capabilities of deep submicron CMOS used in combination with the new transceiver topologies for the implementation of wireless transceiver front-ends in the 1 to 2 GHz range. CMOS Wireless Transceiver Design is essential reading for all researchers and practising engineers working in the design of wireless communication systems requiring highly integrated RF transceivers.
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Author: Robert M. Gray

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792390480

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 188

View: 5408

Source coding theory has as its goal the characterization of the optimal performance achievable in idealized communication systems which must code an information source for transmission over a digital communication or storage channel for transmission to a user. The user must decode the information into a form that is a good approximation to the original. A code is optimal within some class if it achieves the best possible fidelity given whatever constraints are imposed on the code by the available channel. In theory, the primary constraint imposed on a code by the channel is its rate or resolution, the number of bits per second or per input symbol that it can transmit from sender to receiver. In the real world, complexity may be as important as rate. The origins and the basic form of much of the theory date from Shan non's classical development of noiseless source coding and source coding subject to a fidelity criterion (also called rate-distortion theory) [73] [74]. Shannon combined a probabilistic notion of information with limit theo rems from ergodic theory and a random coding technique to describe the optimal performance of systems with a constrained rate but with uncon strained complexity and delay. An alternative approach called asymptotic or high rate quantization theory based on different techniques and approx imations was introduced by Bennett at approximately the same time [4]. This approach constrained the delay but allowed the rate to grow large.
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Author/Title

Author: [Anonymus AC01219643],Barbara Hopkinson

Publisher: K G Saur Verlag Gmbh & Company

ISBN: 9783598221309

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 2180

View: 8189

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Author: J. van der Tang,Dieter Kasperkovitz,Arthur H. M. van Roermund

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402075643

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 319

View: 3371

High-Frequency Oscillator Design for Integrated Transceivers covers the analysis and design of all high-frequency oscillators required to realize integrated transceivers for wireless and wired applications. This includes the design of oscillator types as single-phase LC oscillators, I/Q LC oscillators, multi-phase LC oscillators, and ring oscillators in various IC technologies such as bipolar, BiCMOS, CMOS, and SOI (silicon on insulator). Starting from an in depth review of basic oscillator theory, the authors discuss key oscillator specifications, numerous oscillator circuit topologies, and introduce the concepts of design figures of merit (FOMs) and benchmark FOMs, which assist the oscillator designer during the overall design cycle. Taking advantage of behavioral modeling, the elementary properties of LC oscillators and ring oscillators are analyzed first. A detailed analysis of oscillator properties at circuit level follows taking parasitic elements and other practical aspects of integrated oscillator design into account. Special attention is given to advantages and limitations of linear time invariant (LTI) phase noise modeling, leading to the concept of optimum coupling in I/Q LC oscillators and a simulation method for fast and efficient phase noise optimization in oscillators. In addition, all modern linear time variant (LTV) phase noise theories are covered. As not only phase noise is of high importance to the designer, but optimization of other oscillator properties as well, additional subjects such as various tuning methods of LC oscillators are analyzed, too. Design examples of integrated LC and ring oscillators in the frequency range of 100 MHz up to 11 GHz are thoroughly discussed throughout the book. The clear and structured discussion of basic oscillator properties make High-Frequency Oscillator Design for Integrated Transceivers an excellent starting point for the inexperienced oscillator designer. The detailed analysis of many oscillator types and circuit topologies, the discussion of numerous practical design issues together with fast optimization methods, and more than 200 carefully selected literature references on oscillator literature, LC oscillator and ring oscillator designs make this book a very valuable resource for the experienced IC designer as well.
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