American military justice in Germany
Author: Tomaz Jardim
Publisher: Harvard University Press
The Nuremberg trials are regarded as models of postwar justice, but the Mauthausen trial was the norm and reveals the troubling face of American military proceedings. This rough justice, with its lax rules of evidence and questionable interrogations, compromised legal standards in order to guarantee that guilty people did not walk free.
Sources, Approaches, Debates
Author: Uzi Rebhun
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Continuing its distinguished tradition of focusing on central political, sociological, and cultural issues of Jewish life in the last century, this latest volume in the annual Studies in Contemporary Jewry series focuses on how Jewry has been studied in the social science disciplines. Its symposium consists of essays that discuss sources, approaches, and debates in the complementary fields of demography, sociology, economics, and geography. The social sciences are central for the understanding of contemporary Jewish life and have engendered much controversy over the past few decades. To a large extent, the multitude of approaches toward Jewish social science research reflects the nature of population studies in general, and that of religions and ethnic groups in particular. Yet the variation in methodology, definitions, and measures of demographic, socioeconomic, and cultural patterns is even more salient in the study of Jews. Different data sets have different definitions for what is "Jewish" or "who is a Jew." In addition, Jews as a group are characterized by high rates of migration, including repeated migration, which makes it difficult to track any given Jewish population. Finally, the question of identification is complicated by the fact that in most places, especially outside of Israel, it is not clear whether "being Jewish" is primarily a religious or an ethnic matter - or both, or neither. This volume also features an essay on American Jewry and North African Jewry; review essays on rebuilding after the Holocaust, Nazi war crimes trials, and Jewish historiography; and reviews of new titles in Jewish studies.
From Nuremberg to Nuremberg
Author: John J. Michalczyk
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
A distinguished group of scholars from Germany, Israel and right across the United States are brought together in Nazi Law to investigate the ways in which Hitler and the Nazis used the law as a weapon, mainly against the Jews, to establish and progress their master plan for German society. The book looks at how, after assuming power in 1933, the Nazi Party manipulated the legal system and the constitution in its crusade against Communists, Jews, homosexuals, as well as Jehovah's Witnesses and other religious and racial minorities, resulting in World War II and the Holocaust. It then goes on to analyse how the law was subsequently used by the opponents of Nazism in the wake of World War Two to punish them in the war crime trials at Nuremberg. This is a valuable edited collection of interest to all scholars and students interested in Nazi Germany and the Holocaust.
The War Crimes Trial Controversy
Author: Steven P. Remy
Publisher: Harvard University Press
During the Battle of the Bulge, Waffen SS soldiers shot 84 American prisoners near Malmedy, Belgium—the deadliest mass execution of U.S. soldiers during World War II. Drawing on newly declassified documents, Steven Remy revisits the massacre and the most infamously controversial war crimes trial in American history, to set the record straight.
Author: Paul R. Bartrop,Michael Dickerman
This four-volume set provides reference entries, primary documents, and personal accounts from individuals who lived through the Holocaust that allow readers to better understand the cultural, political, and economic motivations that spurred the Final Solution. • Provides an easily readable encyclopedic collection of secondary source materials, such as reference entries, maps, and tables, that offer a breadth of content for understanding the Holocaust • Examines a broad range of themes relating to the Holocaust, enabling readers to consider important questions about the historical experience and its implications for today • Includes two volumes of primary source material that introduce users to the cultural, political, and economic motivations that spurred the Final Solution • Presents memoirs and personal narratives that showcase the experiences of survivors and resistors who lived through the chaos and horror of the Final Solution • Includes a comprehensive bibliography that serves as a gateway to further research
The West German Judicial System During Allied Occupation (1945–1949)
Author: Edith Raim
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
While the International Military Tribunal and the subsequent American Military Tribunals at Nuremberg dealt with a variety of Nazi crimes, these courts did not consider themselves cognizant in adjudicating wrongdoings against those who lost German citizenship based on the so-called “Nuremberg laws,” such as Germany’s Jews. Until recently, scholarship failed to explore this task of the German judiciary in more detail. Edith Raim fills this gap by showing the extent of the crimes committed against Jews beyond the traditionally known facts and by elucidating how the West German administration of justice was reconstructed under Allied supervision.
Ein Bericht von der Banalität des Bösen
Author: Hannah Arendt
Publisher: Piper Verlag
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Der ehemalige SS-Obersturmbannführer Adolf Eichmann gilt als einer der Hauptverantwortlichen für die »Endlösung« der Juden in Europa. Der Prozess gegen ihn fand 1961 in Jerusalem statt. Hannah Arendts Prozessbericht wurde von ihr 1964 als Buch publiziert und brachte eine Lawine ins Rollen: Es stieß bei seinem Erscheinen auf heftige Ablehnung in Israel, Deutschland und in den USA– und wurde zu einem Klassiker wie kaum ein anderes vergleichbares Werk zur Zeitgeschichte und ihrer Deutung.
Die Geschichte der nationalsozialistischen Konzentrationslager
Author: Nikolaus Wachsmann
Publisher: Siedler Verlag
"Ergreifend, zutiefst menschlich und großartig erzählt." (Sir Richard Evans) Ein historisches Werk, das seinesgleichen sucht: Nikolaus Wachsmanns lang erwartete, monumentale Geschichte der Konzentrationslager von den improvisierten Anfängen 1933 bis zu ihrer Auflösung 1945. Diese erste umfassende Darstellung vereint auf eindrückliche Weise sowohl die Perspektive der Täter als auch jene der Opfer, sie zeigt die monströse Dynamik der Vernichtungspolitik und verleiht zugleich den Gefangenen und Gequälten eine Stimme. Ein gewaltiges Buch – erschütternd und erhellend zugleich. Für seine Geschichte der Konzentrationslager hat Nikolaus Wachsmann eine enorme Menge an Quellen und Forschungsliteratur ausgewertet, Tagebücher und Briefe der Lagerinsassen, Prozessunterlagen, SS- und Polizeiakten, ein Teil davon erstmals hier verwendet. Auf diese Weise konnte er die Praktiken der Täter, die Einstellungen der Gesellschaft und die Welt der Opfer in einem großen epischen Rahmen zusammenführen, konnte das Leben und Sterben im Lager, die individuellen Schicksale schildern, aber auch die politischen, ökonomischen und militärischen Umstände, die Hintergründe der NS-Vernichtungspolitik. Beides, die Nahaufnahme wie die historische Entwicklung, vereint Wachsmann zu einer eindringlichen Erzählung – ein historisches Werk, das, wie Ian Kershaw schreibt »kaum jemals übertroffen werden wird«.
60th Anniversary International Conference
Author: Lawrence Raful
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
60 years after the trials of the main German war criminals, the articles in this book attempt to assess the Nuremberg Trials from a historical and legal point of view, and to illustrate connections, contradictions and consequences. In view of constantly reoccurring reports of mass crimes from all over the world, we have only reached the halfway point in the quest for an effective system of international criminal justice. With the legacy of Nuremberg in mind, this volume is a contribution to the search for answers to questions of how the law can be applied effectively and those committing crimes against humanity be brought to justice for their actions.
Author: Hermann Göring,Christian Zentner
Category: Nuremberg Trial of Major German War Criminals, Nuremberg, Germany, 1945-1946
Trial against H.W. Goring, R. Hess, J. von Ribbentrop, R. Ley, W. Keitel, E. Kaltenbrunner. A. Rosenberg, H. Frank, W. Frich, J. Streicher, W. Funk, H. Schacht, G. Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach, K. Donitz, E. Raederder, B. von Schirach, F. Sauckel, A. Jodl, M. Bormann, F. von Papen, A. Seyss-Inquart, A. Speer, C. von Neurath, and H. Fritzsche, individually and as members of any groups or organizations to which they belonged.
The Trials of an American Prosecutor
Author: Joshua Greene
Publisher: Broadway Books
The world remembers Nuremberg, where a handful of Nazi policymakers were brought to justice, but nearly forgotten are the proceedings at Dachau, where hundreds of Nazi guards, officers, and doctors stood trial for personally taking part in the torture and execution of prisoners inside the Dachau, Mauthausen, Flossenburg, and Buchenwald concentration camps. In Justice at Dachau, Joshua M. Greene, maker of the award winning documentary film Witness: Voices from the Holocaust, recreates the Dachau trials and reveals the dramatic story of William Denson, a soft-spoken young lawyer from Alabama whisked from teaching law at West Point to leading the prosecution in the largest series of Nazi trials in history. In a makeshift courtroom set up inside Hitler’s first concentration camp, Denson was charged with building a team from lawyers who had no background in war crimes and determining charges for crimes that courts had never before confronted. Among the accused were Dr. Klaus Schilling, responsible for hundreds of deaths in his “research” for a cure for malaria; Edwin Katzen-Ellenbogen, a Harvard psychologist turned Gestapo informant; and one of history’s most notorious female war criminals, Ilse Koch, “Bitch of Buchenwald,” whose penchant for tattooed skins and human bone lamps made headlines worldwide. Denson, just thirty-two years old, with one criminal trial to his name, led a brilliant and successful prosecution, but nearly two years of exposure to such horrors took its toll. His wife divorced him, his weight dropped to 116 pounds, and he collapsed from exhaustion. Worst of all was the pressure from his army superiors to bring the trials to a rapid end when their agenda shifted away from punishing Nazis to winning the Germans’ support in the emerging Cold War. Denson persevered, determined to create a careful record of responsibility for the crimes of the Holocaust. When, in a final shocking twist, the United States used clandestine reversals and commutation of sentences to set free those found guilty at Dachau, Denson risked his army career to try to prevent justice from being undone. From the Hardcover edition.
Life Stories from Testimony and Documents of the War Crimes Prosecutions
Author: Fern Overbey Hilton
"Written from primary source documents including official files and reviews of the trials, the book describes the cases and provides defendants' personal details: upbringing, education, career choices, their behavior during the trials, and their lives afterward. The study concludes with an appendix, arranged by series, of all cases by number and name of the case (defendant), and a bibliography. It is illustrated with photographs of the defendants and relevant sites and events."--BOOK JACKET.