Author: Erich Neumann,C. G. Jung
Publisher: Princeton University Press
The Origins and History of Consciousness draws on a full range of world mythology to show how individual consciousness undergoes the same archetypal stages of development as human consciousness as a whole. Erich Neumann was one of C. G. Jung's most creative students and a renowned practitioner of analytical psychology in his own right. In this influential book, Neumann shows how the stages begin and end with the symbol of the Uroboros, the tail-eating serpent. The intermediate stages are projected in the universal myths of the World Creation, Great Mother, Separation of the World Parents, Birth of the Hero, Slaying of the Dragon, Rescue of the Captive, and Transformation and Deification of the Hero. Throughout the sequence, the Hero is the evolving ego consciousness. Featuring a foreword by Jung, this Princeton Classics edition introduces a new generation of readers to this eloquent and enduring work.
An Analysis of the Archetype
Author: Erich Neumann
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Social Science
This landmark book explores the Great Mother as a primordial image of the human psyche. Here the renowned analytical psychologist Erich Neumann draws on ritual, mythology, art, and records of dreams and fantasies to examine how this archetype has been outwardly expressed in many cultures and periods since prehistory. He shows how the feminine has been represented as goddess, monster, gate, pillar, tree, moon, sun, vessel, and every animal from snakes to birds. Neumann discerns a universal experience of the maternal as both nurturing and fearsome, an experience rooted in the dialectical relation of growing consciousness, symbolized by the child, to the unconscious and the unknown, symbolized by the Great Mother. Featuring a new foreword by Martin Liebscher, this Princeton Classics edition of The Great Mother introduces a new generation of readers to this profound and enduring work.
Author: Erich Neumann
Dieser Band vereint drei klassische Aufsätze Erich Neumanns über die Beziehung des Künstlers zur Gesellschaft. In der künstlerischen Arbeit finden nach Neumann die ursprünglich formlosen archetypischen Inhalte für den jeweiligen kollektiven Zeitgeist einen Ausdruck.
Author: Yuval Noah Harari
Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
Literary Culture and Poetic Theory in Classical Greece
Author: Andrew Ford
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Literary Criticism
By "literary criticism" we usually mean a self-conscious act involving the technical and aesthetic appraisal, by individuals, of autonomous works of art. Aristotle and Plato come to mind. The word "social" does not. Yet, as this book shows, it should--if, that is, we wish to understand where literary criticism as we think of it today came from. Andrew Ford offers a new understanding of the development of criticism, demonstrating that its roots stretch back long before the sophists to public commentary on the performance of songs and poems in the preliterary era of ancient Greece. He pinpoints when and how, later in the Greek tradition than is usually assumed, poetry was studied as a discipline with its own principles and methods. The Origins of Criticism complements the usual, history-of-ideas approach to the topic precisely by treating criticism as a social as well as a theoretical activity. With unprecedented and penetrating detail, Ford considers varying scholarly interpretations of the key texts discussed. Examining Greek discussions of poetry from the late sixth century B.C. through the rise of poetics in the late fourth, he asks when we first can recognize anything like the modern notions of literature as imaginative writing and of literary criticism as a special knowledge of such writing. Serving as a monumental preface to Aristotle's Poetics, this book allows readers to discern the emergence, within the manifold activities that might be called criticism, of the historically specific discourse on poetry that has shaped subsequent Western approaches to literature.
Author: Kay Newell Plumb
Publisher: WorldView Press
Category: Comics & Graphic Novels
We all know that alarming amounts of animosity exist, particularly in election years. We see the finger-pointing, we hear the name-calling, the doublethink and the newspeak, as tsunamis of mis-information swamp all serious political thought. We seem to have taken an awkward turn. Rather than using our intelligence to correct whatever we don’t like about ourselves, we use our intelligence to blame whatever we don’t like about ourselves on someone else. At personal levels (Me against You), state levels (Red State versus Blue State), and national levels (Our Perpetual War on Someone), “the human shadow” causes catastrophic problems. Now that our destructive power exceeds our consciousness, understanding how the human shadow operates in each of our minds has become absolutely imperative. As Carl Jung wrote, “Failure to do so will lead to the extinction of the human race.” Or as Albert Einstein put it, “We need an essentially new way of thinking if mankind is to survive.” Shadow in the USA is a lavishly illustrated, entertaining introduction to a deadly serious psychic process—denial, projection, blame—which psychologists call the human shadow. To help the medicine go down Plumb re-tells “Beauty and the Beast” with down-to-earth, self-deprecating humor, and puts vibrant artwork by the fantasy master Bob Hobbs on every page. This genre-busting foray into the place where ‘the pot calls the kettle black’ will provide its readers with a better understanding of their chaotic world, and tools for living more humanely in it.
The Life in the Work
Author: Mark Franko
Publisher: OUP USA
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Often called the Picasso, Stravinksy, or Frank Lloyd Wright of the dance world, Martha Graham revolutionized ballet stages across the globe. Using newly discovered archival sources, choreographer and award-winning dance historian Mark Franko reframes Graham's most famous creations, those from the World War II era, by showing how she wove together strands of love, passion, politics, and myth to create a unique and iconically American school of choreography and dance.
Images and Insights
Author: Stephen L. Harris,Gloria Platzner
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages
Category: Mythology, Classical
Comprehensive and beautifully illustrated, this is the only classical mythology text that combines thorough coverage of theoretical approaches to myth with a substantial anthology of primary works. More than 700 pages of primary selections, many of them complete works, include major hymns, epics, and plays of classical myth, while more than 200 photographs of classical works of art illustrate how the Greeks and Romans envisioned gods.
The History of an American Idea
Author: Ralph Young
Publisher: NYU Press
Finalist, 2016 Ralph Waldo Emerson Award One of Bustle's Books For Your Civil Disobedience Reading List Dissent: The History of an American Idea examines the key role dissent has played in shaping the United States. It focuses on those who, from colonial days to the present, dissented against the ruling paradigm of their time: from the Puritan Anne Hutchinson and Native American chief Powhatan in the seventeenth century, to the Occupy and Tea Party movements in the twenty-first century. The emphasis is on the way Americans, celebrated figures and anonymous ordinary citizens, responded to what they saw as the injustices that prevented them from fully experiencing their vision of America. At its founding the United States committed itself to lofty ideals. When the promise of those ideals was not fully realized by all Americans, many protested and demanded that the United States live up to its promise. Women fought for equal rights; abolitionists sought to destroy slavery; workers organized unions; Indians resisted white encroachment on their land; radicals angrily demanded an end to the dominance of the moneyed interests; civil rights protestors marched to end segregation; antiwar activists took to the streets to protest the nation’s wars; and reactionaries, conservatives, and traditionalists in each decade struggled to turn back the clock to a simpler, more secure time. Some dissenters are celebrated heroes of American history, while others are ordinary people: frequently overlooked, but whose stories show that change is often accomplished through grassroots activism. The United States is a nation founded on the promise and power of dissent. In this stunningly comprehensive volume, Ralph Young shows us its history. Teaching Resources from Temple University: Sample Course Syllabus Teaching Resources from C-Span Classroom Teaching Resources from Temple University
Diaries, Memoirs, and the History of the Self
Author: Peter Heehs
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA
Category: Literary Criticism
The self has a history. In the West, the idea of the soul entered Christianity with the Church Fathers, notably Augustine. During the Renaissance the idea of the individual attained preeminence, as in the works of Montaigne. In the seventeenth century, philosophers such as Descartes formulated notions of selfhood that did not require a divine foundation; in the next century, Hume grew skeptical of the self's very existence. Ideas of the self have changed markedly since the Romantic period and most scholars today regard it as at best a mental construct. First-person genres such as diaries and memoirs have provided an outlet for self-expression. Protestant diaries replaced the Catholic confessional, but secular diaries such as Pepys's may reveal yet more about the self. After Richardson, novels competed with diaries and memoirs as vehicles of self-expression, though memoirs survived and continue to thrive, while the diary has found a new incarnation in the personal blog. Writing the Self narrates the intertwined histories of the self and of self-expression through first-person literature.
Florentine Political Thought and the Atlantic Republican Tradition
Author: J. G. A. Pocock
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Originally published in 1975, The Machiavellian Moment remains a landmark of historical and political thought. Celebrated historian J.G.A. Pocock looks at the consequences for modern historical and social consciousness arising from the ideal of the classical republic revived by Machiavelli and other thinkers of Renaissance Italy. Pocock shows that Machiavelli's prime emphasis was on the moment in which the republic confronts the problem of its own instability in time, which Pocock calls the "Machiavellian moment." After examining this problem in the works of Machiavelli, Guicciardini, and Giannotti, Pocock turns to the revival of republican ideology in Puritan England and in Revolutionary and Federalist America. He argues that the American Revolution can be considered the last great act of civic humanism of the Renaissance and he relates the origins of modern historicism to the clash between civic, Christian, and commercial values in eighteenth-century thought. This Princeton Classics edition of The Machiavellian Moment features a new introduction by Richard Whatmore.
Author: Glenn Burgess
Publisher: Yale University Press
The long-accepted standard view is that the gradual polarization of Court and Parliament during the reigns of James I and Charles I reflected the split between absolutists (who upheld the divine right of the monarchy to rule) and constitutionalists (who resisted tyranny by insisting the monarch was subject to law) and resulted inevitably in civil war.
Publisher: Musaicum Books
Nachdem Charite entführt worden ist, erzählt ihr die alte Haushälterin der Räuber, um sie von ihrem Leid abzulenken, die Geschichte vom Gott Amor und der Königstochter Psyche, deren Name das griechische Wort für "Seele" ist. Psyche ist die jüngste und schönste der drei Töchter eines Königs. Wegen ihrer außerordentlichen Schönheit wird sie wie die Göttin Venus verehrt und sogar für eine Verkörperung der Göttin gehalten, was den Neid der Venus erregt. Venus beauftragt ihren Sohn Amor, dafür zu sorgen, dass sich die sterbliche Rivalin in den verächtlichsten und unglücklichsten aller Männer verliebt. Wegen Psyches außerordentlicher Schönheit wagt es niemand, um ihre Hand anzuhalten; im Gegensatz zu ihren älteren Schwestern bleibt sie allein. Der König befragt dazu das Orakel des Gottes Apollon. Der Gott gibt Anweisung, das Mädchen als Braut zu schmücken und auf einen Gebirgsfelsen zu stellen; dann werde ein schreckliches Untier herbeifliegen und sie zur Frau nehmen. Traurig folgen ihre Eltern dem Orakelspruch. Das Monster erscheint aber nicht, sondern ein sanfter Wind trägt Psyche hinab ins Tal, wo sie einschläft. Apuleius (123/170) war ein antiker Schriftsteller, Redner und Philosoph (Mittelplatoniker). Seinen andauernden Ruhm verdankt er seinem Hauptwerk, dem lateinischen Roman Metamorphosen, auch bekannt als Der goldene Esel, der zur Weltliteratur gezählt wird. Die Interpretation des Romans, der wegen seiner Vielschichtigkeit zahlreiche Rätsel aufgibt, gehört zu den schwierigsten Aufgaben der Klassischen Philologie.
Afterlife in the Age of Matter
Author: Douglas M. Stokes
Category: Body, Mind & Spirit
This book explores conceptions of the soul and the afterlife that are consistent with the findings of modern science. It approaches these subjects from many different angles: religious, philosophical, scientific, poetic, humorous, quasi-scientific, and even pseudoscientific (just to be fair). Many possible afterlives are examined, including physical resurrection (whether supernatural, biological or cybernetic in form), reincarnation, participation in a dream-like world or collective mind, and the persistence of recycling centers of pure consciousness. Philosophical, scientific and religious doctrines regarding the relationship between conscious minds and physical matter are reviewed. Centers of consciousness likely exist at many different hierarchical levels, from elementary particles, single neurons and organisms all the way up to supra-individual entities such as ant colonies or deities. Empirical evidence bearing on the nature of the soul and the afterlife is also reviewed, including that amassed by parapsychologists suggesting that some personality elements may survive death (as in the case of children who report memories of previous lives). The findings of modern neuroscience suggest that you cannot take it all (or even much of it) with you but you can at least take you with you.
Psychiatry, the Mentally Ill, and the Tobacco Industry in America
Author: Laura D. Hirshbein
Publisher: Rutgers University Press
Current public health literature suggests that the mentally ill may represent as much as half of the smokers in America. In Smoking Privileges, Laura D. Hirshbein highlights the complex problem of mentally ill smokers, placing it in the context of changes in psychiatry, in the tobacco and pharmaceutical industries, and in the experience of mental illness over the last century.Hirshbein, a medical historian and clinical psychiatrist, first shows how cigarettes functioned in the old system of psychiatric care, revealing that mental health providers long ago noted the important role of cigarettes within treatment settings and the strong attachment of many mentally ill individuals to their cigarettes. Hirshbein also relates how, as the sale of cigarettes dwindled, the tobacco industry quietly researched alternative markets, including those who smoked for psychological reasons, ultimately discovering connections between mental states and smoking, and the addictive properties of nicotine. However, Smoking Privileges warns that to see smoking among the mentally ill only in terms of addiction misses how this behavior fits into the broader context of their lives. Cigarettes not only helped structure their relationships with other people, but also have been important objects of attachment. Indeed, even after psychiatric hospitals belatedly instituted smoking bans in the late twentieth century, smoking remained an integral part of life for many seriously ill patients, with implications not only for public health but for the ongoing treatment of psychiatric disorders. Making matters worse, well-meaning tobacco-control policies have had the unintended consequence of further stigmatizing the mentally ill.A groundbreaking look at a little-known public health problem, Smoking Privileges illuminates the intersection of smoking and mental illness, and offers a new perspective on public policy regarding cigarettes.