Religion, Empires, and Advocacy

Author: Peter Stamatov

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107470285

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 6432

Whether lauded and encouraged or criticized and maligned, action in solidarity with culturally and geographically distant strangers has been an integral part of European modernity. Traversing the complex political landscape of early modern European empires, this book locates the historical origins of modern global humanitarianism in the recurrent conflict over the ethical treatment of non-Europeans that pitted religious reformers against secular imperial networks. Since the sixteenth-century beginnings of European expansion overseas and in marked opposition to the exploitative logic of predatory imperialism, these reformers - members of Catholic orders and, later, Quakers and other reformist Protestants - developed an ideology and a political practice in defense of the rights and interests of distant 'others'. They also increasingly made the question of imperial injustice relevant to growing 'domestic' publics in Europe. A distinctive institutional model of long-distance advocacy crystallized out of these persistent struggles, becoming the standard weapon of transnational activists.
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A Time Series Analysis of Worldwide Data

Author: Jonathan Fox

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316299686

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 1286

This book examines 111 types of state religion policy in 177 countries between 1990 and 2008. Jonathan Fox argues that policy is largely a result of the competition between political secular actors and religious actors, both of which try to influence state religion policy. While there are other factors that influence state religion policy and both the secular and religious camps are divided, Fox offers that the secular-religious competition perspective provides critical insight into the nature of religious politics across the globe. While many states have both increased and decreased their involvement in religion, Fox demonstrates that states which have become more involved in religion are far more common.
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Author: François Foret

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107082714

Category: Political Science

Page: 338

View: 4892

This book analyzes the place and influence of religion in European politics. François Foret presents the first data ever collected on the religious beliefs of European decision makers and what they do with these beliefs. Discussing popular assumptions such as the return of religion, aggressive European secularism, and religious lobbying, Foret offers objective data and non-normative conceptual frameworks to clarify some major issues in the contemporary political debate.
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Cooperation, Conflict, and the Consequences

Author: Karrie J. Koesel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139867792

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4376

This book provides a rare window into the micropolitics of contemporary authoritarian rule through a comparison of religious-state relations in Russia and China - two countries with long histories of religious repression, and even longer experiences with authoritarian politics. Drawing on extensive fieldwork in multiple sites in these countries, this book explores what religious and political authority want from one another, how they negotiate the terms of their relationship, and how cooperative or conflicting their interactions are. This comparison reveals that while tensions exist between the two sides, there is also ample room for mutually beneficial interaction. Religious communities and their authoritarian overseers are cooperating around the core issue of politics - namely, the struggle for money, power and prestige - and becoming unexpected allies in the process.
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die Domestizierung einer Illusion

Author: Jörg Fisch

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406598586

Category: International law

Page: 384

View: 7067

Die Idee eines Selbstbestimmungsrechts der Völker besagt, dass Völker das Recht haben, einen Staat zu bilden, und selbst darüber entscheiden können, ob sie dieses Recht wahrnehmen oder nicht. Die erste Gesamtdarstellung seiner Geschichte zeigt, wie es den Totengräber für die europäischen Kolonialreiche und andere Imperien gespielt hat und seit 1989 auf der Suche nach neuen Betätigungsfeldern ist. Entstanden aus dem Nationalismus und dem Antikolonialismus, erhebt das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Völker den Anspruch, die internationalen Beziehungen auf eine herrschaftsfreie Grundlage zu stellen. Sprengstoff beinhaltet vor allem das damit verbundene Sezessionsrecht. Denn wer bestimmt, was ein Volk ist? Die Idee kollidiert hier schnell mit den machtpolitischen Realitäten und erweist sich als eine gefährliche, zum Missbrauch geradezu einladende Illusion, mit deren Domestizierung das Völkerrecht bis heute beschäftigt ist. Denn nicht nur Adolf Hitler verstand es meisterhaft, das Konzept für seine Zwecke zu instrumentalisieren. In einer souveränen Kombination von Begriffs-, Politik- und Kulturgeschichte durchmisst Jörg Fisch die Weltgeschichte und liefert eine anschaulich und prägnant geschriebene Darstellung dieser vom 19. Jahrhundert bis in die Gegenwart äußerst wirkmächtigen Idee.
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Author: Charles Taylor

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518740407

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1297

View: 7418

Was heißt es, daß wir heute in einem säkularen Zeitalter leben? Was ist geschehen zwischen 1500 – als Gott noch seinen festen Platz im naturwissenschaftlichen Kosmos, im gesellschaftlichen Gefüge und im Alltag der Menschen hatte – und heute, da der Glaube an Gott, jedenfalls in der westlichen Welt, nur noch eine Option unter vielen ist? Um diesen Wandel zu bestimmen und in seinen Folgen für die gegenwärtige Gesellschaft auszuloten, muß die große Geschichte der Säkularisierung in der nordatlantischen Welt von der frühen Neuzeit bis in die Gegenwart erzählt werden – ein herkulisches Unterfangen, dem sich der kanadische Philosoph Charles Taylor in seinem mit Spannung erwarteten neuen Buch stellt. Mit einem Fokus auf dem »lateinischen Christentum«, dem vorherrschenden Glauben in Europa, rekonstruiert er in geradezu verschwenderischem Detail die entscheidenden Entwicklungslinien in den Naturwissenschaften, der Philosophie, der Staats- und Rechtstheorie und in den Künsten. Dem berühmten Diktum von der wissenschaftlich-technischen »Entzauberung der Welt« und anderen eingeschliffenen Säkularisierungstheorien setzt er die These entgegen, daß es die Religion selbst war, die das Säkulare hervorgebracht hat, und entfaltet eine komplexe Mentalitätsgeschichte des modernen Subjekts, das heute im Niemandsland zwischen Glauben und Atheismus gefangen ist.
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Author: T. Erskine,R. Lebow

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230390331

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 3811

Nowhere are clashes between competing ethical perspectives more prevalent than in the realm of International Relations. Thus, understanding tragedy is directly relevant to understanding IR. This volume explores the various ways that tragedy can be used as a lens through which international relations might be brought into clearer focus.
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Meaning and Action in Our Strange World

Author: Gavin Flood

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 140518972X

Category: Religion

Page: 249

View: 5309

In spite of the noble efforts of scientific reason to reveal everything to us, in many ways the world remains a mysterious place. For so many people, religion continues to represent a decisive guide to navigating through the strange world we all inhabit - yet never in history has religion been more misunderstood. "The Importance of Religion" illuminates the central importance of religion in modern times, revealing how it crucially provides people with meaning to their lives and guides them in their everyday moral choices. Renowned religion scholar Gavin Flood argues that modern religions do not just represent passive notions about the nature of reality, but are active and inspirational - they show us ways of living, dying, choosing a good life, and inhabiting the strange and mysterious world of the twenty-first century. In a wide-ranging, engaging, and brilliant book, Flood discusses the nature and meaning of religion and spirituality, as well as religion's relationship with politics, science, evolutionary biology, human rights, culture, humanism, and more. "The Importance of Religion" offers rich insights into the myriad ways religion provides meaning to the lives of people and communities in the modern world.
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Author: Phil Zuckerman,John R. Shook

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199988455

Category: Secularism

Page: 760

View: 1515

As recent headlines reveal, conflicts and debates around the world more and more frequently involve secularism. National borders and traditional religions can no longer keep people in tidy boxes anymore as political struggles, doctrinal divergences, and demographic trends sweep across regionsand entire continents. Secularity is increasing in society, with a growing number of people in many regions having no religious affiliation or lacking interest in religion. Simultaneously, there is a resurgence of religious participation in the politics of many countries. How might these diversephenomena be interrelated, and better understood? The Oxford Handbook of Secularism offers a wide-ranging examination of secularism on a global scale, bringing together an international collection of views from prominent experts in a variety of fields. This volume reflects the impressive level of academic attention now given to secularism acrossthe humanities, social sciences, law and public policy, and international relations. Long-reigning theories about the pace of secularization, and ideal church-state relations, are here scrutinized by a new generation of scholars studying secularism with new questions, better data, and freshperspectives.This is the essential volume for comprehending the core issues and methodological approaches to the demographics and sociology of secularity; the history and variety of political secularisms; the comparison of constitutional secularisms across countries spanning from America to Asia; the keyproblems now convulsing church-state relations; the intersections of liberalism, multiculturalism, and religion; the latest psychological research into secular lives and lifestyles; and the naturalistic and humanistic worldviews available to nonreligious people. The Oxford Handbook of Secularismaddresses a wide breadth of interrelated issues and problems from multi-disciplinary stances, covering scholarly territory not addressed previously.
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Author: Craig Calhoun,Mark Juergensmeyer,Jonathan VanAntwerpen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199911304

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 9169

This collection of essays presents groundbreaking work from an interdisciplinary group of leading theorists and scholars representing the fields of history, philosophy, political science, sociology, and anthropology. The volume will introduce readers to some of the most compelling new conceptual and theoretical understandings of secularism and the secular, while also examining socio-political trends involving the relationship between the religious and the secular from a variety of locations across the globe. In recent decades, the public has become increasingly aware of the important role religious commitments play in the cultural, social, and political dynamics of domestic and world affairs. This so called ''resurgence'' of religion in the public sphere has elicited a wide array of responses, including vehement opposition to the very idea that religious reasons should ever have a right to expression in public political debate. The current global landscape forces scholars to reconsider not only once predominant understandings of secularization, but also the definition and implications of secular assumptions and secularist positions. The notion that there is no singular secularism, but rather a range of multiple secularisms, is one of many emerging efforts to reconceptualize the meanings of religion and the secular. Rethinking Secularism surveys these efforts and helps to reframe discussions of religion in the social sciences by drawing attention to the central issue of how ''the secular'' is constituted and understood. It provides valuable insight into how new understandings of secularism and religion shape analytic perspectives in the social sciences, politics, and international affairs.
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The Idea of the West and Its Opponents

Author: David Gress

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 0684827891

Category: History

Page: 610

View: 4838

Presents a history of Western civilization's origins and identity
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A Contextual Study of the Jewish-Gentile Difference in Galatians and Romans

Author: Jae Won Lee

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630874752

Category: Religion

Page: 204

View: 7847

Paul lies at the core of the constant debate about the opposition between Christianity and Judaism in biblical interpretation and public discourse as well. The so-called new perspective on Paul has not offered a significant break from the formidable paradigm of Christian universalism vs. Jewish particularism in Pauline scholarship. This book seeks to liberate Paul from the Western logic of identity and its dominant understanding of difference, which tend to identify Pauline Christianity as its ally. Drawing attention to the currency of discourses on difference in contemporary theories as well as in biblical studies, the author critically examines the hermeneutical relevance of a contextual and relational understanding of difference and applies it to interpret the dynamics of Jew-Gentile difference reflected particularly in meal practices (Galatians 2:1-21 and Romans 14:1--15:13) of early Christian communities. This book argues that by deconstructing the hierarchy of social relations underlying the Jew-Gentile difference in different community situations, Paul promotes a politics of difference, which affirms a preferential option for the socially "weak," that is, solidarity with the weak. Paul's politics of difference is invoked as a liberative potential for the vision of egalitarian justice in the face of contemporary globalism's proliferation of differences.
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Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 6841

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
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Author: John Doody,Kevin L. Hughes,Kim Paffenroth

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739110096

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 2471

The study of Augustine's political teachings has suffered from a history of misreadings, both ancient and modern. It is only in recent years that the traditional lines of 'Augustinian pessimism' have been opened to question. Scholars have begun to explore the broader lines of Augustine's political thought in his letters and sermons, and thus have been able to place his classic text, The City of God, in its proper context. The essays in this volume take stock of these recent developments and revisit old assumptions about the significance of Augustine of Hippo for political thought. They do so from many different perspectives, examining the anthropological and theological underpinnings of Augustine's thought, his critique of politics, his development of his own political thought, and some of the later manifestations or uses of his thought in the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, and today. This new vision is at once more bracing, more hopeful, and more diverse than earlier readings could have allowed.
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Race, Religion, and the Politics of Human Origins

Author: David N. Livingstone

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9781421401430

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 1349

He reveals how what began as biblical criticism became a theological apologetic to reconcile religion with science—evolution in particular—and was later used to support arguments for white supremacy and segregation. From heresy to orthodoxy, from radicalism to conservatism, from humanitarianism to racism, Adam's Ancestors tells an intriguing tale of twists and turns in the cultural politics surrounding the age-old question, "Where did we come from?"
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Geschichte, Gehalt und Gegenwart eines umstrittenen Begriffs

Author: Rainer Forst

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religious tolerance

Page: 807

View: 7408

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Eine neue Genealogie der Menschenrechte

Author: Hans Joas

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518754505

Category: Political Science

Page: 303

View: 4067

Ein hartnäckiger Meinungsstreit der letzten Jahrzehnte dreht sich um die Frage, welchen Ursprungs die Idee der Menschenrechte ist. Verdanken wir sie unserem christlich-jüdischen Erbe oder ist sie eine Erfindung der Aufklärung? Weder das eine noch das andere, behauptet der Sozialtheoretiker Hans Joas und erzählt in seinem Buch eine ganz andere Geschichte der Menschenrechte. Im Stile einer »historischen Soziologie« fördert er dabei eine überraschende dritte Sicht der Dinge zutage: Der Glaube an die universale Menschenwürde ist das Ergebnis eines Prozesses der Sakralisierung, in dessen Verlauf jedes einzelne menschliche Wesen mehr und mehr als heilig angesehen wurde. Diesen Prozeß zeichnet Joas in exemplarischen Studien etwa über die Abschaffung der Sklaverei sowie anhand der Genese paradigmatischer »Erklärungen der Menschenrechte« nach und analysiert ihn als eine komplexe kulturelle Transformation: Erfahrungen von Gut und Böse mußten vor dem Hintergrund unterschiedlicher Werttraditionen diskursiv artikuliert, in Rechten kodifiziert und in Praktiken gelebt werden. Die Menschenrechte, so zeigt sich, sind eben nicht das Ergebnis eines bloßen Konsenses über ein universalistisches Prinzip, sondern entstammen einem langen kulturübergreifenden Gespräch über Werte. Ihre Geschichte setzt sich aus vielen Geschichten zusammen. Hans Joas erzählt sie auf packende Weise und eröffnet damit die Debatte über die Idee der Menschenrechte neu.
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Author: John H. Arnold

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191015016

Category: Religion

Page: 640

View: 2581

The Oxford Handbook of Medieval Christianity takes as its subject the beliefs, practices, and institutions of the Christian Church between 400 and 1500AD. It addresses topics ranging from early medieval monasticism to late medieval mysticism, from the material wealth of the Church to the spiritual exercises through which certain believers might attempt to improve their souls. Each chapter tells a story, but seeks also to ask how and why 'Christianity' took particular forms at particular moments in history, paying attention to both the spiritual and otherwordly aspects of religion, and the material and political contexts in which they were often embedded. This Handbook is a landmark academic collection that presents cutting-edge interpretive perspectives on medieval religion for a wide academic audience, drawing together thirty key scholars in the field from the United States, the UK, and Europe. Notably, the Handbook is arranged thematically, and focusses on an analytical, rather than narrative, approach, seeking to demonstrate the variety, change, and complexity of religion throughout this long period, and the numerous different ways in which modern scholarship can approach it. While providing a very wide-ranging view of the subject, it also offers an important agenda for further study in the field.
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