How and why Governments Pass Laws that Threaten Their Power

Author: Ben Worthy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0719097673

Category: Political Science

Page: 227

View: 4701

Outgrowth of the author's thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Manchester, 2003.
Read More

The History and Future of Freedom of Information

Author: David E. Pozen,Michael Schudson

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231545800

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 341

View: 9392

Today, transparency is a widely heralded value, and the U.S. Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) is often held up as one of the transparency movement’s canonical achievements. Yet while many view the law as a powerful tool for journalists, activists, and ordinary citizens to pursue the public good, FOIA is beset by massive backlogs, and corporations and the powerful have become adept at using it for their own interests. Close observers of laws like FOIA have begun to question whether these laws interfere with good governance, display a deleterious anti-public-sector bias, or are otherwise inadequate for the twenty-first century’s challenges. Troubling Transparency brings together leading scholars from different disciplines to analyze freedom of information policies in the United States and abroad—how they are working, how they are failing, and how they might be improved. Contributors investigate the creation of FOIA; its day-to-day uses and limitations for the news media and for corporate and citizen requesters; its impact on government agencies; its global influence; recent alternatives to the FOIA model raised by the emergence of “open data” and other approaches to transparency; and the theoretical underpinnings of FOIA and the right to know. In addition to examining the mixed legacy and effectiveness of FOIA, contributors debate how best to move forward to improve access to information and government functioning. Neither romanticizing FOIA nor downplaying its real and symbolic achievements, Troubling Transparency is a timely and comprehensive consideration of laws such as FOIA and the larger project of open government, with wide-ranging lessons for journalism, law, government, and civil society.
Read More

Does FOI Work?

Author: R. Hazell,B. Worthy,M. Glover

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230281990

Category: Political Science

Page: 325

View: 7091

Based on interviews with officials, requesters and journalists, as well as a survey of FOI requesters and a study of stories in the national media, this book offers a unique insight into how the Freedom of Information Act 2000 really works.
Read More

Melodrama and the Politics of Freedom

Author: Elisabeth Robin Anker

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822376547

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 2127

Melodrama is not just a film or literary genre but a powerful political discourse that galvanizes national sentiment to legitimate state violence. Finding virtue in national suffering and heroism in sovereign action, melodramatic political discourses cast war and surveillance as moral imperatives for eradicating villainy and upholding freedom. In Orgies of Feeling, Elisabeth R. Anker boldly reframes political theories of sovereignty, freedom, and power by analyzing the work of melodrama and affect in contemporary politics. Arguing that melodrama animates desires for unconstrained power, Anker examines melodramatic discourses in the War on Terror, neoliberal politics, anticommunist rhetoric, Hollywood film, and post-Marxist critical theory. Building on Friedrich Nietzsche's notion of "orgies of feeling," in which overwhelming emotions displace commonplace experiences of vulnerability and powerlessness onto a dramatic story of injured freedom, Anker contends that the recent upsurge in melodrama in the United States is an indication of public discontent. Yet the discontent that melodrama reflects is ultimately an expression of the public's inability to overcome systemic exploitation and inequality rather than an alarmist response to inflated threats to the nation.
Read More

The Decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States

Author: Mark J Richards

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137277580

Category: Law

Page: 220

View: 8882

The principle of content-neutrality is the cornerstone of freedom of expression jurisprudence, protecting the core values of freedom of speech set out in the first amendment, whilst also enabling the government to place reasonable restrictions on protected speech. The Politics of Freedom of Expression examines the US Supreme Court's decision-making in freedom of expression cases, from the Earl Warren Court in 1953 to the 2012 decisions of the John Roberts Court, assessing the extent to which the justices take into consideration their own political attitudes, jurisprudence and external factors such as federal government participation. In doing so, the book highlights the role of the civil rights movement in developing the content-neutrality jurisprudential regime. Establishing 'jurisprudential regime theory' as a framework for incorporating the various factors that can affect decision-making, the author draws on quantitative, qualitative and interpretive methods in order to analyse the justices' changing treatment of content-based and content-neutral cases over time. This unique theoretical approach allows the text to push beyond the traditional 'law versus politics' debate in order to critically evaluate the importance of content-neutrality to the Supreme Court's decision-making, and to compare decision-making in the US with Canada, Germany, Japan and the UK.
Read More

From the Psychology to the Politics of Agency

Author: Philip Pettit

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195218329

Category: Philosophy

Page: 193

View: 9209

In this short yet ambitious work, Philip Pettit offers a single, unified, and overarching theory of freedom. A puzzling topic, freedom extends from the individual and the metaphysical (i.e. free will) to the social and the political, yet a theory connecting these two realms has yet to be devised. In an elegant, accessible manner, Pettit presents a survey of available theories of freedom, then develops his own--one that manages to straddle the personal and political spheres. The view he develops--which includes the seemingly paradoxical notion that we are free to the extent that we are capable of being held responsible--will make this pioneering book highly important to a wide range of philosophers.
Read More

‘Two Concepts of Liberty’ 50 Years Later

Author: Bruce Baum,Robert Nichols

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135132380

Category: Political Science

Page: 270

View: 520

Since his death in 1997, Isaiah Berlin’s writings have generated continual interest among scholars and educated readers, especially in regard to his ideas about liberalism, value pluralism, and "positive" and "negative" liberty. Most books on Berlin have examined his general political theory, but this volume uses a contemporary perspective to focus specifically on his ideas about freedom and liberty. Isaiah Berlin and the Politics of Freedom brings together an integrated collection of essays by noted and emerging political theorists that commemorate in a critical spirit the recent 50th anniversary of Isaiah Berlin’s famous lecture and essay, "Two Concepts of Liberty." The contributors use Berlin’s essay as an occasion to rethink the larger politics of freedom from a twenty-first century standpoint, bringing Berlin’s ideas into conversation with current political problems and perspectives rooted in postcolonial theory, feminist theory, democratic theory, and critical social theory. The editors begin by surveying the influence of Berlin’s essay and the range of debates about freedom that it has inspired. Contributors’ chapters then offer various analyses such as competing ways to contextualize Berlin’s essay, how to reconsider Berlin’s ideas in light of struggles over national self-determination, European colonialism, and racism, and how to view Berlin’s controversial distinction between so-called "negative liberty" and "positive liberty." By relating Berlin’s thinking about freedom to competing contemporary views of the politics of freedom, this book will be significant for both scholars of Berlin as well as people who are interested in larger debates about the meaning and conditions of freedom.
Read More

John Moss and the Fight for Freedom of Information and Consumer Rights

Author: Michael R. Lemov

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1611470242

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 237

View: 9116

This book focuses on the enactment of rights to obtain government information and on the unreported and unprecedented life and times of John Moss, one of the towering leaders of the decade. These guarantees, from the government to its citizens, are embodied in the Freedom of Information Act, the Consumer Product Safety Act, the Federal Trade Commission Improvements Act, and the Securities Investor Protection Act, among other laws. They are the product of John Moss's tenacious, uphill struggle against overwhelming odds.
Read More

Author: Sam Lebovic

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674969596

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 4685

Does America have a free press? Many who say yes appeal to First Amendment protections against censorship. Sam Lebovic shows that free speech, on its own, is not sufficient to produce a free press and helps us understand the crises that beset the press amid media consolidation, a secretive national security state, and the daily newspaper’s decline.
Read More

The IFLA/FAIFE Project

Author: Alex Byrne

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780810860179

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 226

View: 4672

This study of a decisive period in IFLA's history offers a rare example of an international professional association in transition. In examining a project to promote unrestricted access to information as the reciprocal right of freedom of expression, the research is a case study of the politics of an expanding interpretation of the limits to professionalism.
Read More

The Politics of Freedom and Obligation

Author: W von Leyden

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349050601

Category: Philosophy

Page: 253

View: 6727

Read More

Confessions of a Freedom of Information ',Criminal',

Author: Christopher C. Horner

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1451694903

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 5170

A Simon & Schuster eBook. Simon & Schuster has a great book for every reader.
Read More

Author: B. Guy Peters,Guy Peters

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134648162

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 2485

First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Read More

Taking on the Left, the Right, and Threats to Our Liberties

Author: David Boaz

Publisher: Cato Institute

ISBN: 1933995149

Category: Political Science

Page: 329

View: 3341

One of the leading libertarian commentators in the nation, David Boaz offers his unique and often surprising views on such hot-button issues as the presidential race, individual rights vs. national security, drugs, immigration, the war on terror, school choice, and government intrusion into private lives.
Read More

Author: Tom Felle

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0719097185

Category: Freedom of information

Page: 216

View: 2738

The introduction of FOI in Ireland was a watershed moment in Irish democracy. It gave citizens a right to know, and abolished eighty years of official secrecy that had existed since the foundation of the State. As the new 2014 FOI Act is extended to the gardaí and the Central Bank for the first time, this book critically examines the important contribution the legislation has made to the opening up of Irish democracy and society. The book includes important contributions from the Ombudsman and Information Commissioner Peter Tyndall, former minister Eithne FitzGerald and RTE journalist Richard Dowling. It will be a core text for students of politics and public administration, journalism, media and communications and law; and will be an important reference for policy makers and civil and public servants.
Read More

Between Persuasion and Violence

Author: Rahmane Idrissa

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351981978

Category: Political Science

Page: 290

View: 8506

‘Ideologies need enemies to thrive, religion does not’. Using the Sahel as a source of five comparative case studies, this volume aims to engage in the painstaking task of disentangling Islam from the political ideologies that have issued from its theologies to fight for governmental power and the transformation of society. While these ideologies tap into sources of religious legitimacy, the author shows that they are fundamentally secular or temporal enterprises, defined by confrontation with other political ideologies–both progressive and liberal–within the arena of nation states. Their objectives are the same as these other ideologies, i.e., to harness political power for changing national societies, and they resort to various methods of persuasion, until they break down into violence. The two driving questions of the book are, whence come these ideologies, and why do they–sometimes–result in violence? Ideologies of Salafi radicalism are at work in the five countries of the Sahel region, Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger, (Northern) Nigeria and Senegal, but violence has broken out only in Mali and Northern Nigeria. Using a theoretical framework of ideological development and methods of historical analysis, Idrissa traces the emergence of Salafi radicalism in each of these countries as a spark ignited by the shock between concurrent processes of Islamization and colonization in the 1940s. However, while the spark eventually ignited a blaze in Mali and Nigeria, it has only led to milder political heat in Niger and Senegal and has had no burning effect at all in Burkina Faso. By meticulously examining the development of Salafi radicalism ideologies over time in connection with developments in national politics in each of the countries, Idrissa arrives at compelling conclusions about these divergent outcomes. Given the many similarities between the countries studied, these divergences show, in particular, that history, the behaviour of state leaders and national sociologies matter–against assumptions of ‘natural’ contradictions between religion (Islam) and secularism or democracy. This volume offers a new perspective in discussions on ideology, which remains–as is shown here–the independent variable of many key contemporary political processes, either hidden in plain sight or disguised in a religious garb.
Read More

Freedom and the City

Author: A. Beaumont

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137393726

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 239

View: 1257

By examining the representation of urban space in contemporary British fiction, this book argues that key to the political left's strategy was a model of action which folded politics into culture and elevated disenfranchisement to the status of a political principle.
Read More

A European Perspective

Author: Dacian C. Dragos,Polonca Kovač,Albert T. Marseille

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319764608

Category: Political Science

Page: 666

View: 9128

This book examines the issue of free access to information as part of the openness and transparency principles. The free access to public information has become one of the most hotly contested aspects of contemporary government and public administration. Many countries in Europe have well-established Freedom of Information laws (FOIAs), while others have adopted them more recently. The problems that occur in the implementation of FOIAs are different due to the legal and institutional context; nevertheless, patterns of best practices and malfunctioning are comparable. The book analyses in comparative and empirical perspective the respective main challenges. Whilst the existing literature focusses on the legal provisions, this book offers practical insights through 13 national profiles and the EU level, on how effective the legal provisions of FOIAs really prove to be.
Read More

The Cultural Logic of Empire

Author: Deepa Kumar

Publisher: Haymarket Books

ISBN: 1608462129

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 9275

In response to the events of 9/11, the Bush administration launched a "war on terror" ushering in an era of anti-Muslim racism, or Islamophobia. However, 9/11 alone did not create Islamophobia. This book examines the current backlash within the context of Islamophobia's origins, in the historic relationship between East and West. Deepa Kumar is an associate professor of media studies and Middle East studies at Rutgers University and the author of Outside the Box: Corporate Media, Globalization and the UPS Strike. Kumar has contributed to numerous outlets including the BBC, USA Today, and the Philadelphia Inquirer.
Read More