The Reality of Relief Aid

Author: John Holmes

Publisher: Head of Zeus

ISBN: 1781852081

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 8940

John Holmes was the UN Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs from 2007 until 2010. His work took him to some of the most troubled areas of the world: to Sri Lanka, Darfur, Somalia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, among other places, and exposed him to the harsh realities of humanitarian aid. Frequently he found that the UN's humanitarian programmes in these hotspots were tolerated but consistently undermined and mistrusted by both sides in any conflict, and its efforts to protect civilians and provide humanitarian relief frustrated by people working for purely political ends. Clear-eyed about the realities of development aid, Holmes realised early on that his role was to be a voice to the voiceless. THE POLITICS OF HUMANITY exposes, in often depressing detail, how difficult this job is, as well as analysing and exploring in great depth the wider policy questions of his role.
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Famine, Aid, Politics and the Media

Author: Suzanne Franks

Publisher: Hurst

ISBN: 1849044953

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 8465

The media reporting of the Ethiopian Famine in 1984-5 was an iconic news event. It is widely believed to have had an unprecedented impact, challenging perceptions of Africa and mobilising public opinion and philanthropic action in a dramatic new way. The contemporary international configuration of aid, media pressure, and official policy is still directly affected and sometimes distorted by what was--as this narrative shows--also an inaccurate and misleading story. In popular memory, the reporting of Ethiopia and the resulting humanitarian intervention were a great success. Yet alternative interpretations give a radically different picture of misleading journalism and an aid effort which did more harm than good. Using privileged access to BBC and Government archives, Reporting Disasters examines and reveals the internal factors which drove BBC news and offers a rare case study of how the media can affect public opinion and policymaking. It constructs the process that accounts for the immensity of the news event, following the response at the heart of government to the pressure of public opinion. And it shows that while the reporting and the altruistic festival that it produced triggered remarkable and identifiable changes, the on-going impact was not what the conventional account claims it to have been.
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Contrasting Approaches to Disasters and Emergencies

Author: Fulvio Attina

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137026723

Category: Nature

Page: 265

View: 3279

Innovation in the world institutions and global politics as well as in the physical environment and practices of the contemporary societies has raised the need for specific and up-to-date knowledge about the politics and policies of relief, aid and reconstruction. This book advances the political analysis of international disaster policies which have been mostly in the domain of other social sciences. Attina looks at the formation of this field of study and analyses the most recent disaster events including the Haiti earthquake, the tsunami which hit the Pacific Ocean countries and the genocide in Rwanda and Former Yugoslavia. Broadly linked to constructivism and neo-institutionalism, this book looks also at the impact of these cooperation policies on the governance of the present global system.
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Author: Roger Mac Ginty,Jenny H Peterson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135013926

Category: Political Science

Page: 486

View: 2171

The Companion on Humanitarian Action addresses the political, ethical, legal and practical issues which influence reactions to humanitarian crisis. It does so by exploring the daily dilemmas faced by a range of actors, including policy makers, aid workers, the private sector and the beneficiaries of aid and by challenging common perceptions regarding humanitarian crisis and the policies put in place to address these. Through such explorations, it provides practitioners and scholars with the knowledge needed to both understand and improve upon current forms of humanitarian action. The Companion will be of use to those interested a range of humanitarian programmes ranging from emergency medical assistance, military interventions, managing refugee flows and the implementation of international humanitarian law. As opposed to addressing specific programmes, it will explore five themes seen as relevant to understanding and engaging in all modes of humanitarian action. The first section explores varying interpretations of humanitarianism, including critical historical and political-economic explanations as well as more practice based explorations focused on notions needs assessments and evaluation. Following this, readers will be exposed to the latest debates on a range of humanitarian principles including neutrality and sovereignty, before exploring the key issues faced by the main actors involved in humanitarian crisis (from international NGOs to local community based organizations). The final two sections address what are seen as key dilemmas in regards to humanitarian action and emerging trends in the humanitarian system, including the increasing role of social media in responding to crises. Whilst not a ‘how to guide’, the Companion contains many practical insights for policy makers and aid workers, whilst also offering analytical insights for students of humanitarian action. Indeed, throughout the book, readers will come to the realization that understanding and improving humanitarian action simultaneously requires both active critical reflection and an acceptance of the urgency and timeliness of action that is required for humanitarian assistance to have an impact on vital human needs. Exploring a sector that is far from homogenous, both practitioners and scholars alike will find the contributions of this book offers them a deeper understanding of the motivations and mechanics of current interventions, but also insight into current changes and progress occurring in the field of humanitarian practice.
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Author: Thorsten Volberg

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638039331

Category: Social Science

Page: 84

View: 8494

Master's Thesis from the year 2006 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Development Politics, grade: 1,7, Ruhr-University of Bochum (Institute for International Law of Peace and Armed Conflict), course: European Masterprogram on Humanitarian Action (NOHA), 107 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The humanitarian principles of humanity, neutrality and impartiality provide an ethical framework that defines and delineates the humanitarian space within which relief agencies are supposed to operate. Current experiences, however, show that these traditional principles were not designed to cope with the development underlying the increasing merging of humanitarian aid and politics. To avoid political manipulation, relief organizations must rethink these traditional principles and face the responsibility of getting more involved in the broader political arena to be able to take appropriate action, and to avoid longterm damages on a society. The ‘Sphere’ project, which was launched to improve the quality of humanitarian action and to put relief aid on a legal basis as set forth by international law, acknowledges the dependence of humanitarian aid on external political decisions. Still, it emphasizes traditional principles and expresses agencies’ commitment to act in accordance with them. ‘Sphere’s actual value must therefore be seen in defining a common basis around which agencies, donors and governing authorities can potentially agree on. It provides a basis for defining core humanitarian responsibilities that recognizes the limits of humanitarian action, while setting an agenda for individual and collective action. Even though the attempt to define humanitarian principles that serve as blueprints in every global emergency for all humanitarian organizations does not seem to be achievable, the importance of ethical guidelines and benchmarks still exists. The heterogeneity of relief work is just a phenomenon, which is based in the nature of humanitarianism and this will always put a stamp on attempts to find common standards, principles and codes.
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Die souveräne Macht und das nackte Leben

Author: Giorgio Agamben

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351878420X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 8531

Der homo sacer ist die Verkörperung einer archaischen römischen Rechtsfigur: Zwar durfte er straflos getötet, nicht aber geopfert werden, was auch seine Tötung sinnlos und ihn gleichsam unberührbar machte – woraus sich der Doppelsinn von sacer als ›verflucht‹ und ›geheiligt‹ ableitet. Giorgio Agamben stellt im Anschluß an Foucault und als philosophische Korrektur von dessen Konzept der Biopolitik die These auf, daß Biopolitik, indem sie den Menschen auf einen biologischen Nullwert zurückzuführen versucht, das nackte Leben zum eigentlichen Subjekt der Moderne macht. Ausgehend von Carl Schmitts Souveränitätskonzept, kommt Agamben zu einer Interpretation des Konzentrationslagers als »nomos der Moderne«, wo Recht und Tat, Regel und Ausnahme, Leben und Tod ununterscheidbar werden. In den zwischen Leben und Tod siechenden Häftlingen, aber auch in den Flüchtlingen von heute sieht er massenhaft real gewordene Verkörperungen des homo sacer und des nackten Lebens. Die philosophische Begründung dessen, daß diese Möglichkeit keineswegs nur historisch ist, hat eine Diskussion entfacht, die weit über Italien und Europa hinausreicht.
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The American Red Cross and a Nation's Humanitarian Awakening

Author: Julia Irwin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199766401

Category: History

Page: 273

View: 5331

A history of the relationship between the United States and foreign countries through its humanitarian interventions in the early 20th century.
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Eine grenzüberschreitende Perspektive

Author: Martina Maletzky,Martin Seeliger,Manfred Wannöffel

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593398877

Category: Social Science

Page: 534

View: 4092

Arbeit, Organisation und Mobilität lassen sich in einer globalisierten Welt kaum noch getrennt voneinander betrachten. Dies nehmen die Autorinnen und Autoren zum Anlass, die Erkenntnisse der Arbeits-, Organisations- und Migrationssoziologie aus subdisziplinärer Perspektive zu untersuchen. Der Band eröffnet damit einen neuen Blick auf zentrale Gegenstände sozialwissenschaftlicher Forschung.
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Relief Work in Famine and War

Author: Tony Vaux,Anthony Vaux

Publisher: Earthscan

ISBN: 9781849774307

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 241

View: 8171

Provides an analysis of some of the most traumatic situations involving famine and war of the last two decades, helping us to understand what it takes to be an aid worker and how important humanitarian action is today. Famine and war evoke strong emotional reactions, and for most people there is a limited amount they can do. But the relief worker has to convert emotional responses into practical action and difficult choices - whom to help and how. Their own feelings have to motivate action for others. But can they separate out their own selfish feelings and prejudices in such an emotive climate? How do they avoid being partial among those they are helping? Are they motivated by altruistic concern, or the power they experience or the attention they receive? Tony Vaux brings over 20 years experience as one of Oxfam's leading emergency managers to the exploration of the conflicts between subjective impulses and objective judgements and the dilemmas relief workers contend with.
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Eine neue Genealogie der Menschenrechte

Author: Hans Joas

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518754505

Category: Political Science

Page: 303

View: 1507

Ein hartnäckiger Meinungsstreit der letzten Jahrzehnte dreht sich um die Frage, welchen Ursprungs die Idee der Menschenrechte ist. Verdanken wir sie unserem christlich-jüdischen Erbe oder ist sie eine Erfindung der Aufklärung? Weder das eine noch das andere, behauptet der Sozialtheoretiker Hans Joas und erzählt in seinem Buch eine ganz andere Geschichte der Menschenrechte. Im Stile einer »historischen Soziologie« fördert er dabei eine überraschende dritte Sicht der Dinge zutage: Der Glaube an die universale Menschenwürde ist das Ergebnis eines Prozesses der Sakralisierung, in dessen Verlauf jedes einzelne menschliche Wesen mehr und mehr als heilig angesehen wurde. Diesen Prozeß zeichnet Joas in exemplarischen Studien etwa über die Abschaffung der Sklaverei sowie anhand der Genese paradigmatischer »Erklärungen der Menschenrechte« nach und analysiert ihn als eine komplexe kulturelle Transformation: Erfahrungen von Gut und Böse mußten vor dem Hintergrund unterschiedlicher Werttraditionen diskursiv artikuliert, in Rechten kodifiziert und in Praktiken gelebt werden. Die Menschenrechte, so zeigt sich, sind eben nicht das Ergebnis eines bloßen Konsenses über ein universalistisches Prinzip, sondern entstammen einem langen kulturübergreifenden Gespräch über Werte. Ihre Geschichte setzt sich aus vielen Geschichten zusammen. Hans Joas erzählt sie auf packende Weise und eröffnet damit die Debatte über die Idee der Menschenrechte neu.
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Author: S. William A. Gunn,Michele Masellis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387722645

Category: Medical

Page: 324

View: 5324

This book seeks to define the field of humanitarian medicine. It gathers new and previously-published articles and speeches that set out the principles of humanitarian medicine, starting with the idea of health as a human right, and examining topics such as quality of life, torture, and nuclear conflict. The book takes a historical view and its contributors include Nobel laureates Kofi Annan and Joseph Rotblat.
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Author: Charles Dickens

Publisher: Oxford Paperbacks

ISBN: 0192833677

Category: Fiction

Page: 430

View: 5277

Thomas Gradgrind destroys the spiritual and emotional lives of his children by denying the importance of human feelings
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Author: Herfried Münkler

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644011214

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 7739

Das Zeitalter der zwischenstaatlichen Kriege geht offenbar zu Ende. Aber der Krieg ist keineswegs verschwunden, er hat nur seine Erscheinungsform verändert. In den neuen Kriegen spielen nicht mehr die Staaten die Hauptrolle, sondern Warlords, Söldner und Terroristen. Die Gewalt richtet sich vor allem gegen die Zivilbevölkerung; Hochhäuser werden zu Schlachtfeldern, Fernsehbilder zu Waffen. Herfried Münkler macht die Folgen dieser Entwicklung deutlich. Er zeigt, wie mit dem Verschwinden von klassischen Schlachten und Frontlinien auch die Unterscheidung von Krieg und Frieden brüchig geworden ist, und erörtert, wie man den besonderen Gefahren begegnen kann, die von den neuen Kriegen ausgehen.
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Expert Consult Premium Edition - Enhanced Online Features

Author: Paul S. Auerbach

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455733563

Category: Medical

Page: 2304

View: 7585

Quickly and decisively manage any medical emergency you encounter in the great outdoors with Wilderness Medicine! World-renowned authority and author, Dr. Paul Auerbach, and a team of experts offer proven, practical, visual guidance for effectively diagnosing and treating the full range of emergencies and health problems encountered in situations where time and resources are scarce. Every day, more and more people are venturing into the wilderness and extreme environments, or are victims of horrific natural disasters...and many are unprepared for the dangers and aftermath that come with these episodes. Whether these victims are stranded on mountaintops, lost in the desert, injured on a remote bike path, or ill far out at sea, this indispensable resource--now with online access at www.expertconsult.com for greater accessibility and portability-- equips rescuers and health care professionals to effectively address and prevent injury and illness in the wilderness! This textbook is widely referred to as "The Bible of Wilderness Medicine." Be able to practice emergency medicine outside of the traditional hospital/clinical setting whether you are in remote environments, underdeveloped but highly populated areas, or disaster areas, are part of search and rescue operations, or dealing with casualties from episodes of extreme sports and active lifestyle activities. Face any medical challenge in the wilderness with expert guidance: Dr. Auerbach is a noted author and the world's leading authority on wilderness medicine. He is a founder and Past President of the Wilderness Medical Society, consultant to the Divers Alert Network and many other agencies and organizations, and a member of the National Medical Committee for the National Ski Patrol System. Handle everything from frostbite to infection by marine microbes, not to mention other diverse injuries, bites, stings, poisonous plant exposures, animal attacks, and natural disasters. Grasp the essential aspects of search and rescue. Respond quickly and effectively by improvising with available materials. Improve your competency and readiness with the latest guidance on volcanic eruptions, extreme sports, splints and slings, wilderness cardiology, living off the land, aerospace medicine, mental health in the wilderness, tactical combat casualty care, and much more. Meet the needs and special considerations of specific patient populations such as children, women, elders, persons with chronic medical conditions, and the disabled. Make smart decisions about gear, navigation, nutrition, and survival. Be prepared for everything with expanded coverage on topics such as high altitude, cold water immersion, and poisonous and venomous plants and animals. Get the skills you need now with new information on global humanitarian relief and expedition medicine, plus expanded coverage of injury prevention and environmental preservation. Get guidance on the go with fully searchable online text, plus bonus images, tables and video clips - all available on ExpertConsult.com.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: United States

Page: N.A

View: 7907

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Author: John Green

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446259171

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 288

View: 2556

Die 16-jährige Aza Holmes hatte ganz sicher nicht vor, sich an der Suche nach dem verschwundenen Milliardär Russell Pickett zu beteiligen. Sie hat genug mit ihren eigenen Sorgen und Ängsten zu kämpfen, die ihre Gedankenwelt zwanghaft beherrschen. Doch als eine Hunderttausend-Dollar-Belohnung auf dem Spiel steht und ihre furchtlose beste Freundin Daisy es kaum erwarten kann, das Geheimnis um Pickett aufzuklären, macht Aza mit. Sie versucht Mut zu beweisen und überwindet durch Daisy nicht nur kleine Hindernisse, sondern auch große Gegensätze, die sie von anderen Menschen trennen. Für Aza wird es ein großes Abenteuer und eine Reise ins Zentrum ihrer Gedankenspirale, der sie zu entkommen versucht.
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the refugees of the Middle East

Author: John Reddaway,University Christian Center Forum (Beirut, Lebanon).

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 16

View: 5782

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