Foreign Policy and the End of the Cold War

Author: Beth A. Fischer

Publisher: University of Missouri Press

ISBN: 0826273122

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 3357

It is often assumed that Ronald Reagan's administration was reactive in bringing about the end of the cold war, that it was Mikhail Gorbachev's "new thinking" and congenial personality that led the administration to abandon its hard- line approach toward Moscow. In The Reagan Reversal, now available in paperback, Beth A. Fischer convincingly demonstrates that President Reagan actually began seeking a rapprochement with the Kremlin fifteen months before Gorbachev took office. She shows that Reagan, known for his long-standing antipathy toward communism, suddenly began calling for "dialogue, cooperation, and understanding" between the superpowers. This well-written and concise study challenges the conventional wisdom about the president himself and reveals that Reagan was, at times, the driving force behind United States-Soviet policy.
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Jimmy Carter the Disciple and Ronald Reagan the Alchemist

Author: W. Steding

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137477113

Category: Political Science

Page: 289

View: 6384

This book explores the relationship between the religious beliefs of presidents and their foreign policymaking. Through the application of a new methodological approach that provides a cognetic narrative of each president, this study reveals the significance of religion's impact on U.S. foreign policy.
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Vom Kalten Krieg zum Mauerfall

Author: Heinrich August Winkler

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406669859

Category: History

Page: 1258

View: 4589

Mit dem Fall der Mauer vor 25 Jahren ging ein Zeitalter zu Ende. Heinrich August Winklers „Geschichte des Westens“ stellt die dramatischen Ereignisse von 1989 in einen großen weltgeschichtlichen Zusammenhang und schildert meisterhaft die Jahrzehnte vom Ende des Zweiten Weltkriegs bis zum Untergang der Sowjetunion. Der Band macht deutlich, wie nahe uns die Epochenwende von 1989 bis 1991 immer noch ist: Damals wurden die Grundlagen unserer Gegenwart gelegt. Niemals zuvor oder danach war der transatlantische Westen so sehr eine Einheit wie in den viereinhalb Jahrzehnten, in denen der Ost-West-Konflikt die Achse der Weltpolitik bildete. Während die Welt mehr als einmal am atomaren Abgrund stand, lösten sich in der „Dritten Welt“ die Kolonien von ihren europäischen Kolonialherren und suchten eigene Wege in die politische Unabhängigkeit. Der Vietnamkrieg, „1968“ mit den Studentenunruhen im Westen und dem „Prager Frühling“ im Osten, die Abrüstungsverhandlungen und der Streit um die Nachrüstung, die Verwerfungen der Weltwirtschaft in den siebziger Jahren, Solidarno?? und die Systemkrise der Sowjetunion – auf höchstem Niveau schildert Heinrich August Winkler all jene Ereignisse, die gleichsam die Vorgeschichte unserer Gegenwart bilden. Der Westen entschied zwar auf allen Ebenen den „Wettkampf der Systeme“ für sich. Doch Winkler zeigt auch sehr deutlich, daß aus den Umwälzungen der Jahre 1989 bis 1991 eine Welt ohne Gleichgewicht hervorging. Ein abschließender Band, der Anfang 2015 erscheinen soll, wird diese „Zeit der Gegenwart“ darstellen.
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Author: Kyle Longley,Jeremy Mayer,Michael Schaller,John W. Sloan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131747323X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 150

View: 9250

Although he left office nearly 20 years ago, Ronald Reagan remains a potent symbol for the conservative movement. The Bush administration frequently invokes his legacy as it formulates and promotes its fiscal, domestic, and foreign policies. His name is watchword for campus conservatives who regard him in a way that borders on hero worship. Conservative media pundits often equate the term "Reagan-esque" with personal honor, fiscal rectitude, and unqualified success in dealing with foreign threats. But how much of the Reagan legacy is based on fact, how much on idealized myth? And what are the reasons - political and otherwise - behind the mythmaking? "Deconstructing Reagan" is a fascinating study of the interplay of politics and memory concerning our fortieth president. While giving credit where credit is due, the authors scrutinize key aspects of the Reagan legacy and the conservative mythology that surrounds it.
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Gorbachev's Adaptability, Reagan's Engagement, and the End of the Cold War

Author: James Graham Wilson

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801470218

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 585

In The Triumph of Improvisation, James Graham Wilson takes a long view of the end of the Cold War, from the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in December 1979 to Operation Desert Storm in January 1991. Drawing on deep archival research and recently declassified papers, Wilson argues that adaptation, improvisation, and engagement by individuals in positions of power ended the specter of a nuclear holocaust. Amid ambivalence and uncertainty, Mikhail Gorbachev, Ronald Reagan, George Shultz, George H. W. Bush, and a host of other actors engaged with adversaries and adapted to a rapidly changing international environment and information age in which global capitalism recovered as command economies failed. Eschewing the notion of a coherent grand strategy to end the Cold War, Wilson paints a vivid portrait of how leaders made choices; some made poor choices while others reacted prudently, imaginatively, and courageously to events they did not foresee. A book about the burdens of responsibility, the obstacles of domestic politics, and the human qualities of leadership, The Triumph of Improvisation concludes with a chapter describing how George H. W. Bush oversaw the construction of a new configuration of power after the fall of the Berlin Wall, one that resolved the fundamental components of the Cold War on Washington's terms.
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Private Citizens, the Soviet Union, and the West

Author: Christian Peterson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136646930

Category: History

Page: 294

View: 4435

Globalizing Human Rights explores the complexities of the role human rights played in U.S.-Soviet relations during the 1970s and 1980s. It will show how private citizens exploited the larger effects of contemporary globalization and the language of the Final Act to enlist the U.S. government in a global campaign against Soviet/Eastern European human rights violations. A careful examination of this development shows the limitations of existing literature on the Reagan and Carter administrations’ efforts to promote internal reform in USSR. It also reveals how the Carter administration and private citizens, not Western European governments, played the most important role in making the issue of human rights a fundamental aspect of Cold War competition. Even more important, it illustrates how each administration made the support of non-governmental human rights activities an integral element of its overall approach to weakening the international appeal of the USSR. In addition to looking at the behavior of the U.S. government, this work also highlights the limitations of arguments that focus on the inherent weakness of Soviet dissent during the early to mid 1980s. In the case of the USSR, it devotes considerable attention to why Soviet leaders failed to revive the international reputation of their multinational empire in face of consistent human rights critiques. It also documents the crucial role that private citizens played in shaping Mikhail Gorbachev’s efforts to reform Soviet-style socialism.
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A History of U.S. Foreign Policy from the 1970s to the Present

Author: Lloyd Gardner

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 1595586016

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 4701

Places the Iraq War in the context of U.S. foreign policy since Vietnam
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Author: James G. Blight,David A. Welch

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135257817

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 9259

This is the first study to examine throughly the role of US, Soviet and Cuban Intelligence in the nuclear crisis of 1962 - the closest the world has come to Armageddon.
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A New History of U.S. National Security Policy Since World War II

Author: Andrew J. Bacevich

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231505868

Category: History

Page: 608

View: 4984

Essays by a diverse and distinguished group of historians, political scientists, and sociologists examine the alarms, emergencies, controversies, and confusions that have characterized America's Cold War, the post-Cold War interval of the 1990s, and today's "Global War on Terror." This "Long War" has left its imprint on virtually every aspect of American life; by considering it as a whole, The Long War is the first volume to take a truly comprehensive look at America's response to the national-security crisis touched off by the events of World War II. Contributors consider topics ranging from grand strategy and strategic bombing to ideology and economics and assess the changing American way of war and Hollywood's surprisingly consistent depiction of Americans at war. They evaluate the evolution of the national-security apparatus and the role of dissenters who viewed the myriad activities of that apparatus with dismay. They take a fresh look at the Long War's civic implications and its impact on civil-military relations. More than a military history, The Long War examines the ideas, policies, and institutions that have developed since the United States claimed the role of global superpower. This protracted crisis has become a seemingly permanent, if not defining aspect of contemporary American life. In breaking down the old and artificial boundaries that have traditionally divided the postwar period into neat historical units, this volume provides a better understanding of the evolution of the United States and U.S. policy since World War II and offers a fresh perspective on our current national security predicament.
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eine neue Geschichte

Author: John Lewis Gaddis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783570550571


Page: 384

View: 6566

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Pragmatic Conservatism and Its Legacies

Author: W. Elliot Brownlee,Hugh Davis Graham

Publisher: N.A


Category: History

Page: 404

View: 9793

This first comprehensive, archivally grounded assessment of the Reagan presidency offers balanced "second generation" evaluations of the ideas and policies that made up the so-called Reagan Revolution. Drawing on recently opened records, seventeen scholars from history, political science, and economics focus on important areas of national policy during the Reagan administration. --From publisher description.
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Author: Ole Holsti

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136084509

Category: Political Science

Page: 390

View: 8544

Ole Holsti, one of the deans of US foreign policy analysis, examines the complex factors involved in the policy decision-making process including the beliefs and cognitive processes of foreign policy leaders and the influence public opinion has on foreign policy. The essays, in addition to being both theoretically and empirically rich, are historical in breadth--with essays on Vietnam--as well as contemporary in relevance--with essays on public opinion and foreign policy after 9/11.
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Conservative Strategists and America's Cold War Victory

Author: Francis H. Marlo

Publisher: Potomac Books, Inc.

ISBN: 159797742X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 243

View: 9634

Ronald Reagan as a man of ideas.
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Author: Ronald W. Cox

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136328424

Category: Political Science

Page: 232

View: 3681

More than a decade into the new millennium, the fusion of corporate and state power is the essential defining feature of US foreign policy. This edited volume critically examines the relationship between corporations and the US state in the development of foreign policies related to globalization. Drawing together a wide range of contributors, this work explores the role of corporations in using US foreign policies to advance the interests of transnational capital in a wide range of contexts, including: how US government policies have contributed to the globalization of production and finance the ways in which transnational corporations have influenced the US relationship with China, a crucial linkage in the new era of transnational accumulation how transnational corporate power has shaped capital-labour relations, humanitarian intervention, structural adjustment policies, low-intensity democracy and the G20 summits the "corporate centrism" of the Obama Administration, whose policies have been consistent with the growing power of transnational capital in US foreign policymaking the politics and consequences of the embedded relationship between various sectors of the transnational capitalist class, global institutions and the US state, including the limits and contradictions of this relationship during the ongoing capitalist crisis. This work will be of great interest to students and scholars of both US foreign policy and international political economy.
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A Very Political Special Relationship

Author: J. Cooper

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137283661

Category: Political Science

Page: 261

View: 5703

A new exploration of the relationship between the Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan administrations in domestic policy. Using recently released documentary material and extensive research interviews, James Cooper demonstrates how specific policy transfer between these 'political soul mates' was more limited than is typically assumed.
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Der Mann und seine Zeit

Author: William Taubman

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406700454

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 935

View: 5545

Im Ausland verehrt und bewundert als der Mann, der das Tor zu einem neuen Zeitalter aufstieß, gilt er bei seinen Landsleuten als Schwächling und Totengräber des sowjetischen Imperiums: Michail Gorbatschow ist für die einen ein überragender Staatsmann und für die anderen ein Versager. Pulitzerpreisträger William Taubman legt nun die grundlegende Biographie dieser Jahrhundertgestalt vor – akribisch recherchiert, fundiert im Urteil und fesselnd geschrieben. Als Michail Gorbatschow 1985 mit 54 Jahren jüngster Generalsekretär in der Geschichte der KPdSU wurde, war die Sowjetunion eine von zwei Supermächten. Doch nur vier Jahre später hatten Perestroika und Glasnost die Sowjetunion für immer verändert und Gorbatschow mehr Feinde als Freunde. Seine Politik beendete den Kalten Krieg. Doch im Jahr darauf musste er nach einem gescheiterten Putsch – ohne es zu wollen – dem Kollaps jenes Imperiums zuschauen, das er zu retten versucht hatte. William Taubman schildert in seinem Buch, wie ein Bauernjunge vom Lande es bis an die Spitze im Kreml bringt, sich mit Amerikas erzkonservativem Präsidenten Ronald Reagan anfreundet und es der UdSSR und dem Ostblock erlaubt, sich aufzulösen, ohne Zuflucht zur Gewalt zu nehmen. Wer war dieses „Rätsel Gorbatschow“ – ein wahrhaft großer Politiker oder ein Mann, der an seinen eigenen Fehlern scheiterte und an Mächten, gegen die er nicht gewinnen konnte?
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Conservative Christians Defending Ronald Reagan

Author: Eric R. Crouse

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739182226

Category: History

Page: 204

View: 2690

In this book, Crouse offers important insights on why Reaganomics was a major reason conservative Christians supported Reagan at the polls. They embraced and tapped into the traditional American values of individual opportunity, personal responsibility, and human freedom—all themes they believed were front and center in Reaganomics.
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Revisiting the End of the Cold War

Author: Norman A. Graebner,Richard Dean Burns,Joseph M. Siracusa

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 0313352410

Category: History

Page: 180

View: 6568

This book examines the end of the Cold War and the decline of ardent anticommunist ideologies in the United States. It chronicles the evolution of the political relationship between Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev and that relationship's role in ending the Cold War.
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From Conflict Escalation to Conflict Transformation

Author: Olav Njolstad

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135754128

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 574

The 1980s was a period of almost unprecedented rivalry and tension between the two main actors in the East-West conflict, the United States and the Soviet Union. Why and how that conflict first escalated and thereafter, in an amazingly swift process, was reversed and brought to its peaceful conclusion at the end of the decade is the topic of this volume. With individual contributions by eighteen well-known scholars of international relations and history from various countries, the book addresses the role of the United States, the former Soviet Union, and the countries of western and eastern Europe in that remarkable last decade of the Cold War, and discusses how particular events as well as underlying political, ideological, social, and economic factors may have contributed to the remarkable transformation that took place.
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A History of American Foreign Relations from 1897

Author: Howard Jones

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742558250

Category: History

Page: 621

View: 6510

This book is a narrative history of America's foreign affairs from 1897 to the present that focuses on the major personalities and events from the William McKinley administration through President George W. Bush.
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