Economic Freedom and the Law

Author: Timothy Sandefur

Publisher: Cato Institute

ISBN: 1935308343

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 677

America’s founders thought the right to earn a living was so basic and obvious that it didn’t need to be mentioned in the Bill of Rights. The Right to Earn a Living charts the history of this fundamental human right, from the constitutional system that was designed to protect it by limiting government’s powers, to the Civil War Amendments that expanded protection to all Americans, regardless of race.
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Economic Freedom and the Law

Author: Timothy Sandefur

Publisher: Cato Inst

ISBN: 9781935308331

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 376

View: 614

America's founders thought the right to earn a living was so basic and obvious that it didn't need to be mentioned in the Bill of Rights. The Right to Earn a Living charts the history of this fundamental human right, from the constitutional system that was designed to protect it by limiting government's powers, to the Civil War Amendments that expanded protection to all Americans, regardless of race.
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The Declaration of Independence and the Right to Liberty

Author: Timothy Sandefur

Publisher: Cato Institute

ISBN: 1939709040

Category: Law

Page: 242

View: 4217

The Conscience of the Constitution: The Declaration of Independence and the Right to Liberty documents a forgotten truth: the word “democracy” is nowhere to be found in either the Constitution or the Declaration. But it is the overemphasis of democracy by the legal community–rather than the primacy of liberty, as expressed in the Declaration of Independence–that has led to the growth of government power at the expense of individual rights. Now, more than ever, Sandefur explains, the Declaration of Independence should set the framework for interpreting our fundamental law. In the very first sentence of the Constitution, the founding fathers stated unambiguously that “liberty” is a blessing. Today, more and more Americans are realizing that their individual freedoms are being threatened by the ever-expanding scope of the government. Americans have always differed over important political issues, but some things should not be settled by majority vote. In The Conscience of the Constitution, Timothy Sandefur presents a dramatic new challenge to the status quo of constitutional law.
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Property Rights in 21st Century America

Author: Timothy Sandefur

Publisher: Cato Institute

ISBN: 1933995327

Category: Law

Page: 156

View: 4864

The right to own and use private property is among the most essential human rights and the essential basis for economic growth. That’s why America’s Founders guaranteed it in the Constitution. Yet in today’s America, government tramples on this right in countless ways. Regulations forbid people to use their property as they wish, bureaucrats extort enormous fees from developers in exchange for building permits, and police departments snatch personal belongings on the suspicion that they were involved in crimes. In the case of Kelo v. New London, the Supreme Court even declared that government may seize homes and businesses and transfer the land to private developers to build stores, restaurants, or hotels. That decision was met with a firestorm of criticism across the nation. In this, the first book on property rights to be published since the Kelo decision, Timothy Sandefur surveys the landscape of private property in America’s third century. Beginning with the role property rights play in human nature, Sandefur describes how America’s Founders wrote a Constitution that would protect this right and details the gradual erosion that began with the Progressive Era’s abandonment of the principles of individual liberty. Sandefur tells the gripping stories of people who have found their property threatened: Frank Bugryn and his Connecticut Christmas-tree farm; Susette Kelo and the little dream house she renovated; Wilhelmina Dery and the house she was born in, 80 years before bureaucrats decided to take it; Dorothy English and the land she wanted to leave to her children; and Kenneth Healing and his 17-year legal battle for permission to build a home. Thanks to the abuse of eminent domain and asset forfeiture laws, federal, state, and local governments have now come to see property rights as mere permissions, which can be revoked at any time in the name of the “greater good.” In this book, Sandefur explains what citizens can do to restore the Constitution’s protections for this “cornerstone of liberty.”
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Author: Frederic Bastiat

Publisher: Cosimo, Inc.

ISBN: 1596059648

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 68

View: 979

French political libertarian and economist CLAUDE FRDRIC BASTIAT (1801-1850) was one of the most eloquent champions of the concept that property rights and individual freedoms flowed from natural law. Here, in this 1850 classic, a powerful refutation of Karl Marx's Communist Manifesto, published two years earlier, Bastiat discusses: . what is law? . why socialism constitutes legal plunder . the proper function of the law . the law and morality . "the vicious circle of socialism" . the basis for stable government . and more.
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You Can Find Meaning, Make A Living, and Change the World

Author: Craig Kielburger,Holly Branson,Marc Kielburger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111944781X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 336

View: 1123

***100% of Author Royalties are being donated to charity in keeping with the belief that WEconomy can indeed change the world by empowering families in developing communicates to lift themselves out of poverty with the small business training these book sales are providing. Track your individual impact on a global scale with the specific code on your book’s back cover at WE.org. Your guide to ‘Business with Benefits'... for All! Purpose and profit are powerful human motivators. Combined, this power can change the world. WEconomy is your guidebook to the greatest evolution in business since the assembly line. Discover the secret to achieving purpose with profit in your career and company, all while driving positive impact. Do you crave more meaning in your job? This book is your roadmap. Are you seeking to inspire employees? CEOs are discovering that purpose is the key to increasing productivity and retaining top performers. If you’re in sales, unleash the power of purpose to inspire customers to be passionate brand ambassadors. If you are an aspiring social entrepreneur, learn how to massively scale your mission. Get paid to change the world — who wouldn’t want to be the person doing that? Uncover the methods of megastars like Oprah Winfrey, Earvin “Magic” Johnson, and Sir Richard Branson, who make the world a better place through purposeful—and highly successful—business strategies. The stellar authorial team share in candid detail, the setbacks and achievements they experienced building successful enterprises and charities—with purpose. With the tips inside this book, you, your business, or your charity can: Find a cause that drives you and your career goals to new heights Create a job that you love and be celebrated by your peers, boss, and industry Inspire brand fanatics to stay loyal to you, your company, and your cause Add a halo to your product, grow your geographic reach, innovate for “the next big thing,” engage Boomers to Gen Z, and much more! This is your blueprint for living by your personal values, achieving career success, and changing the world. Purpose and profit are the greatest human motivators. This is the definitive roadmap for bringing the power of both forces together—achieving purpose with profit in your career, company, and changing the world. Do you crave more meaning in your job? This book will give you the roadmap. Are you seeking to inspire employees? CEOs are discovering that purpose is the secret to increasing productivity and retaining top workers. If you’re in sales, unleash the power of purpose to inspire customers to be passionate brand ambassadors. Everyone wants more meaning. We all inherently know that purpose is powerful, but this is the ground-breaking book to unleashing the purpose within your career, company, and life goals. This book will show you how to profit with purpose, whether you’re the one calling the shots or a junior employee looking to advance. Get paid to change the world – who wouldn’t want to be the person doing that? Discover the methods of megastars like Oprah Winfrey, Earvin “Magic” Johnson, and Sir Richard Branson, who make the world a better place through purposeful—and highly profitable—business strategies. Go behind the scenes of real companies at the forefront of this watershed movement and learn from business leaders, entrepreneurs, celebrities, and aspiring influencers. The all-star authorial team shares in candid detail the setbacks and achievements they experienced building successful enterprises and charities that generate profits with purpose. With the tips inside, you or your business can: • Find a cause that drives you and your career goals to new heights • Create a job that you love, and be celebrated by your peers, boss, and industry • Boost employee productivity and their love for the company and mission • Inspire brand fanatics to stay loyal to you, your company, and your cause • Better the world with out-of- the-box solutions for supporting charities without writing check • Add a halo to your product, grow your geographic reach, innovate for “the next big thing”, engage Boomers to Gen Z, and much more! This is your blueprint for living by your personal values, achieving career success, and changing the world. Additional Praise for WEconomy: “WEconomy shows us, in surprising and engaging stories, how a yearning to succeed in career can also be a calling to contribute to the betterment of society. This is a playbook for those of us who are obsessed with a purposeful life at home and at work.” -Satya Nadella, CEO of Microsoft “Full of inspiring examples and practical ideas, WEconomy is a must read for any in business – large or small – looking to harness among their colleagues the power of that most natural and potent of human instincts – a sense of purpose.” -Paul Polman, CEO of Unilever “The WEconomy, is a blueprint for businesses wanting to achieve success while making the world a better place. Businesses that see the human, not just the customer - and see the whole person, not just a payroll number. Through engaging stories and personal experiences the authors show us that the WEconomy is happening now, and importantly, WE are all responsible for its success.” - Sara Blakely, founder/owner of Spanx brand "The biggest growth market for companies today is to join in the cause of solving society's ills. WEconomy is a fresh and innovative guide for galvanizing all of us to action." -Tom Wilson, Chair of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and CEO of Allstate “Is it possible to merge purpose with work? Yes! WEconomy inspires us to channel our diverse backgrounds, experiences, and talents into serving causes that really matter to us and our communities.” -Lynne Doughtie, U.S. Chair and CEO of KPMG “WEconomy is an indispensable handbook for anyone who sees the need to improve the world, who wants to retain and engage employees — or simply has a mandate to drive profitability.” — Jane Francisco, editor in chief, Good Housekeeping "As global citizens, it is important that we all decide how we can help build a better future for everyone who inhabits this planet. A planet we must come to realize we all share. In the WEconomy, Holly, Marc and Craig share, not only entertaining and insightful stories, but top tips on how, both personally and professionally, we can work together to achieve just that.” -Scooter Braun, Entrepreneur and Founder of SB Projects “As people continue to look for meaningful ways they can uniquely contribute personally and professionally to this world, WEconomy illustrates ways we can all do good and do well.” -Pete Carroll, Head Coach of the Seattle Seahawks, NFL Champions “Through fun, inspiring and revealing stories the authors, not only bring the WEconomy to life, but bring the reader along for the ride. As the most connected generation in history, never before has there been such an incredible opportunity to make the ‘WE’ a powerful movement for positive change.“ - Ed Sheeran, Grammy Award-winning singer / songwriter
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Author: United Nations. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights

Publisher: United Nations Publications

ISBN: 9789211541755

Category: Law

Page: 51

View: 2492

International human rights law is founded on the premise that all persons, by virtue of their essential humanity, should enjoy all human rights. Exceptional distinctions, for example between citizens and non-citizens, can be made only if they serve a legitimate State objective and are proportional to the achievement of the objective. Non-citizens can include: migrants, refugees and asylum seekers, victims of trafficking, foreign students, temporary visitors and stateless people. This publication looks at the diverse sources of international law and emerging international standards protecting the rights of non-citizens, including international conventions and reports by UN and treaty bodies
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Essays in a Keynesian Mode

Author: James Tobin,Peter M. Jackson

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262700368

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 522

View: 6784

In these timely essays, Nobel prize­winning economist James Tobin shows how Keynesian economics offers corrective treatment for the economic ailments we have faced under the Ford, Carter, and Reagan administrations.Essays in the first part of the book focus on theory and policy in Keynesian economics, particularly on the modern anti-Keynesian movements of the 1970s and 1980s. Tobin's writings on the events, controversies, doctrines, and policies of the Reagan era make up the book's second section, Essays in part three continue to discuss the Reagan revolution, focusing on fiscal policies and presenting some general macroeconomic principles that can be invoked to remedy the situation; those in part four are concerned more specifically with the conduct of monetary policy. A fifth section addresses inflation stagflation, and unemployment, recommending income policies that Tobin believes must become a "permanent tool of macroeconomic policy." The book concludes with several essays on various aspects of political economy, including a timely reminder that economic policies should serve ethical values.James Tobin, who received the Nobel prize in economics in 1981, is Sterling Professor of Economics at Yale.
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Author: Luiz de Mello,Randa Sab

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: N.A

Category: Civil rights

Page: 25

View: 5197

Government spending plays a critical role in protecting and enforcing rights and civil liberties. Empirical evidence for a sample of industrial and developing countries shows that government expenditures on defense, law and order, social security, education, and health care are associated with three rights indicators—property rights, equality of citizens before the law, and economic freedom. In particular, an increase in spending on law and order seems to improve the indicators of rights and civil liberties, and lower budget deficits seem to improve property rights and equality before the law. Of great importance is the finding that corruption is associated with worse rights indicators.
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Author: Jill Lepore

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393635252

Category: History

Page: 960

View: 4750

In the most ambitious one-volume American history in decades, award-winning historian and New Yorker writer Jill Lepore offers a magisterial account of the origins and rise of a divided nation, an urgently needed reckoning with the beauty and tragedy of American history. Written in elegiac prose, Lepore’s groundbreaking investigation places truth itself—a devotion to facts, proof, and evidence—at the center of the nation’s history. The American experiment rests on three ideas—"these truths," Jefferson called them—political equality, natural rights, and the sovereignty of the people. And it rests, too, on a fearless dedication to inquiry, Lepore argues, because self-government depends on it. But has the nation, and democracy itself, delivered on that promise? These Truths tells this uniquely American story, beginning in 1492, asking whether the course of events over more than five centuries has proven the nation’s truths, or belied them. To answer that question, Lepore traces the intertwined histories of American politics, law, journalism, and technology, from the colonial town meeting to the nineteenth-century party machine, from talk radio to twenty-first-century Internet polls, from Magna Carta to the Patriot Act, from the printing press to Facebook News. Along the way, Lepore’s sovereign chronicle is filled with arresting sketches of both well-known and lesser-known Americans, from a parade of presidents and a rogues’ gallery of political mischief makers to the intrepid leaders of protest movements, including Frederick Douglass, the famed abolitionist orator; William Jennings Bryan, the three-time presidential candidate and ultimately tragic populist; Pauli Murray, the visionary civil rights strategist; and Phyllis Schlafly, the uncredited architect of modern conservatism. Americans are descended from slaves and slave owners, from conquerors and the conquered, from immigrants and from people who have fought to end immigration. "A nation born in contradiction will fight forever over the meaning of its history," Lepore writes, but engaging in that struggle by studying the past is part of the work of citizenship. "The past is an inheritance, a gift and a burden," These Truths observes. "It can’t be shirked. There’s nothing for it but to get to know it."
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A Freedom House Study

Author: Richard E. Messick,Freedom House (U.S.)

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412841849

Category: Political Science

Page: 219

View: 312

The World Survey of Economic Freedom re-ports on eighty-two nations in the Americas, Western Europe, Central East Europe, and NIS (Newly Independent States), Asia, the Middle East, and Africa surveyed by Freedom House during 1995. For each nation, background information is provided, as well as answers to questions about freedom to hold property, to earn a living, to operate a business, to invest one's earnings, to trade internationally, to participate in a market economy, and freedom from unreasonable government interference in the economy. By focusing attention on nations in which economic freedom is denied, and in which individuals are not free to buy, sell, and trade in a market economy, this Freedom House survey advances the cause of democracy.
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Legal and Philosophical Perspectives

Author: Virginia Mantouvalou

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782254994

Category: Law

Page: 388

View: 7192

The value of work cannot be underestimated in today's world. Work is valuable because productive labour generates goods needed for survival, such as food and housing; goods needed for self-development, such as education and culture; and other material goods that people wish to have in order to live a fulfilling life. A job also generally inspires a sense of achievement, self-esteem and the esteem of others. People develop social relations at work, which can be very important for them. Work brings both material and non-material benefits. There is no doubt that work is a crucial good. Do we have a human right to this good? What is the content of the right? Does it impose a duty on governments to promote full employment? Does it entail an obligation to protect decent work? There is also a question about the right-holders. Do migrants have a right to work, for example? At the same time many people would rather not work. What kind of right is this, if many people do not want to have it? The chapters of this book address the uncertainty and controversy that surround the right to work both in theoretical scholarship and in policymaking. They discuss the philosophical underpinnings of the right to work, and its development in human rights law at national level (in jurisdictions such as the United Kingdom, Australia, Japan, France and the United States) and international level (in the context of the United Nations, the European Social Charter, the International Labour Organization, theEuropean Convention on Human Rights and other legal orders).
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Symbols Or Substance?

Author: Malcolm Langford,Ben Cousins,Jackie Dugard,Tshepo Madlingozi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107021146

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 472

View: 3518

The embrace of socio-economic rights in South Africa has featured prominently in scholarship on constitution making, legal jurisprudence and social mobilisation. But the development has attracted critics who claim that this turn to rights has not generated social transformation in practice. This book sets out to assess one part of the puzzle and asks what has been the role and impact of socio-economic strategies used by civil society actors. Focusing on a range of socio-economic rights and national trends in law and political economy, the book's authors show how socio-economic rights have influenced the development of civil society discourse and action. The evidence suggests that some strategies have achieved material and political impact but this is conditional on the nature of the claim, degree of mobilisation and alliance building, and underlying constraints.
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A Collection of Papers by Fred R. Berger

Author: Bruce Russell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401133344

Category: Philosophy

Page: 222

View: 5420

In the essays that follow, Fred Berger argues for freedom of expression, civil disobedience, affirmative action and what he calls liberal judicial activism and against sex-role stereotyping, paternalism and the censorship of pornography. Underlying his liberalism is a unified theory. That theory consists of a conception of rights, a theory of value and a theory of government. The conception of a right that Berger defends derives from J ohn Stuart Mill and is captured by what he calls "the rights formula": to have a right is to have important interests that society ought to protect as a matter of general rule (pp. 2, 7, 17-18, 19, 95). Since rights are to be protected by general rule, case-by-case consideration of consequences is ruled out (pp. 3, 18, 96) and neither modest increases in the general welfare, nor majority opinion, can justify the violation of a right (pp. 14-15; 17-18). Berger combines this view of the nature of a right with an objective theory of value according to which the important interests that ought to be protected are ones that people have "whether they know them or not, whether they desire that in which they have an interest or not" (p.
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Rebuilding Liberty Without Permission

Author: Charles A. Murray

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 0385346514

Category: Political Science

Page: 319

View: 7061

The best-selling author of Coming Apart exposes what he sees as the corruption of government regulation and charts a new course for restoring individual freedom and limited government in our daily affairs.
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New Native Voices

Author: Joel T. Maki

Publisher: D & M Publishers

ISBN: 9781926685984

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 240

View: 8353

Let the Drums be Your Heart brings together the work of more than forty aboriginal writers from all over Canada. concerned with family and days gone by, romance and adventure, tragedy and danger, these poems, short stories, articles and life stories ring with native pride and determination. As editor Joel T. Maki points out in his introduction, storytellers and historians have always played a vital role in aboriginal communities, ensuring that indvidiual cultures, languages, legends and customs would survive. In this book, as in his earlier anthology Steal My Rage, Maki presents the work of writers from a variety of nations and backgrounds. Honouring past and present struggles of Native peoples everywhere, this anthology will serve to remind readers, as Maki says, of the proud warrior spirit that lies within.
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Self-Made Man

Author: Timothy Sandefur

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781944424855

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 140

View: 8773

Born into slavery in 1818, Frederick Douglass rose to become one of the nation's foremost intellectuals--a statesman, author, lecturer, and scholar who helped lead the fight against slavery and racial oppression. Unlike other leading abolitionists, however, Douglass embraced the U.S. Constitution, insisting that it was an essentially anti-slavery document and that its guarantees for individual rights belonged to all Americans, of whatever race. As the nation pauses to remember Douglass on his bicentennial, Frederick Douglass: Self-Made Man gives us an insightful glimpse into the mind of one of America's greatest thinkers.
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Author: Dirk Ehlers

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110971968

Category: Law

Page: 644

View: 8151

The ever increasing relevance of European law which involves replacement or supplementation of and interaction with national law not only affects the states in Europe but also, and foremost, the citizens. The rights of the citizens in Europe are protected by the European Fundamental Rights and Freedoms. The aim of this textbook is to grasp and illustrate the meaning of these rights and to integrate it into a coherent system. For this purpose the book not only deals with the pertinent law of the European Union and the European Community, but also with the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms which, too, is becoming more and more important.
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Ancient Wisdom from the Greek Philosophers on Living the Good Life

Author: M. A. Soupios,Panos Mourdoukoutas

Publisher: Hampton Roads Publishing

ISBN: 9781612830940

Category: Philosophy

Page: 112

View: 8556

Living the good life doesn't require a lot of money or even any faith. The Ten Golden Rules condenses the wisdom of the ancient Greeks into 10 memorable and easy-to-understand rules that, if lived by, can enable modern readers to have rich, meaningful lives. Each chapter examines a rule:1. Examine life2. Worry only about those things under your control3. Treasure friendship4. Experience true pleasure5. Master yourself6 A void excess7. Be a responsible human being8. Don"t be a prosperous fool9. Don’t do evil to others10. Kindness to others tends to be rewarded All chapters begin with a quote from one of the great Greek philosophers who inspired the rule, followed by a story or explanation of the rule and its importance in life, and end with teaching points on which to meditate and reflect. Any reader searching for meaning will return to this simple, slim volume again and again to find tried-and-true wisdom that spans the ages to speak to us today.
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A New Translation with Notes and Commentary

Author: Markus Barth,Helmut Blanke

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 9780802838292

Category: Religion

Page: 561

View: 988

"This commentary by Markus Barth and Helmut Blanke is unique for its exhaustive study of the ancient world at the time Philemon was written. The volume examines the institution of slavery in Paul's day, drawing from secular Greco-Roman sources and from other Christian writers of the time. The references to slavery found in Ephesians, Colossians, and 1 Timothy are also compared and contrasted with Paul's statements in Philemon. In addition, the verse-by-verse commentary focuses on important themes in Pauline theology, including love, faith and faithfulness, church unity, providence, free will, and human responsibility. Finally, Barth makes his exposition even more useful by surveying the history of the interpretation of Philemon, from the patristic age to modern liberation theologians." "The product of Markus Barth's lifelong research and completed by Helmut Blanke, this new volume in the Eerdmans Critical Commentary series will become the standard work on Philemon."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
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