The Condition of the Slave in Private Law from Augustus to Justinian

Author: William Warwick Buckland

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Persons (Roman law)

Page: 735

View: 8045

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The Condition of the Slave in Private Law from Augustus to Justinian

Author: William Warwick Buckland

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Persons (Roman law)

Page: 735

View: 5722

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Author: Sandra R. Joshel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521535018

Category: History

Page: 236

View: 3372

A lively and comprehensive overview of Roman slavery, ideal for introductory-level students of the ancient Mediterranean world.
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The Condition of the Slave in Private Law from Augustus to Justinian

Author: William Warwick Buckland

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Persons (Roman law)

Page: 735

View: 7700

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Author: Alan Watson

Publisher: University of Georgia Press

ISBN: 9780820311791

Category: Law

Page: 179

View: 3259

In this book, Alan Watson argues that the slave laws of North and South America--the written codes defining the relationship of masters to slaves--reflect not so much the culture and society of the various colonies but the legal traditions of England, Europe, and ancient Rome. A pathbreaking study concerned as much with the nature of comparative law as the specific subject of the law of slavery, Slave Law in the Americas posits an essential distance in the Western legal tradition between the tenets of law and the values of the society they govern. Laws, Watson shows, often are made not by governments or rulers but by jurists as in ancient Rome, law professors as in medieval and continental Europe, and judges as in common law England. Bodies of law, often created without reference to particular social and political ideals, are also often transferred whole cloth from one society to another. Tracing the effects of the reception of Roman law throughout Europe (excluding England) and the Americas, Watson reveals the enormous impact of this legal tradition on subsequent lawmakers operating under utterly dissimilar social and political conditions in the New World. Slave law in the colonies, Watson demonstrates, had much to do with the mother country's relations to Roman law. Spain, Portugal, France, and the United Dutch Provinces, all within the Roman legal tradition, imposed on their colonies slave laws that were private and nonracist in character, laws that interfered little in master-slave relations and provided for the relative ease of manumission and the grant of citizenship to freed slaves. England, however, did not ascribe to Roman law and colonists created rather than received slave law. Public and racist, slave law in the English colonies uniquely reflected local concerns, involving every citizen in the protection and perpetuation of slavery, strictly regulating education, manumission, and citizenship status. "Comparative legal history," Watson writes, "is in its infancy." Presenting the laws of slavery in ancient Rome and in the slaveholding colonies of America, Watson demonstrates how comparative law can elucidate the relationship of law, legal rules, and institutions to the society in which they operate. Investigating not the dynamics of slavery but of slave law, he reveals the working of a legal culture and its peculiar history.
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A Study in Social Control

Author: K. R. Bradley

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195206074

Category: History

Page: 164

View: 3522

This ground-breaking book is the first to show how the institution of slavery, one of the most characteristic and enduring features of Roman imperial society, was maintained over time and how, at the practical level, the lives of slaves in the Roman world were directly controlled by their masters. The author demonstrates, first, how the tensions generated between slaves and masters can be perceived in the ancient sources, and, second, how those tensions were dealt with, as masters treated their slaves with varying forms of generosity and punishment in order to elicit obedience from them. Special attention is given to the slaves' family lives, to their acquisition of freedom through manumission, and to the climate of violence that surrounded them. Emphasizing the harsh realities of Roman slavery in a new way, this important book will stir intense debate among scholars and students.
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From Augustus to Justinian

Author: W. W. Buckland,Peter Stein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521043689

Category: History

Page: 796

View: 3913

A revised edition of Peter Buckland's classic textbook on Roman Law.
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Author: David Johnston

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198252161

Category: Philosophy

Page: 306

View: 1228

Few legal institutions developed solely under the Roman Empire, but there is one which can provide a rare illustration of the emperors' involvement in building private law: although Roman law did not recognize a `trust' in the same sense as it is used in common law today, it did develop a device - the fideicommissum - which achieved very similar ends. It has remained largely ignored, and yet it is an ideal case study in the evolution of law. As the most versatile institution of Roman inheritance law, it crucially affected the strategies of succession open to testators, and gives insights into a social history of testators' ambitions and legislative concerns. Over six centuries the trust expanded at the expense of established legal institutions, and with Justinian's reforms it finally became dominant. This book studies the history of the trust and its rise to prominence, with reference to the possible influence of the Roman `fideicommissum'.
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Author: Peter Hunt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405188065

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 2354

"The general introduction will provide the political and historical context for Greek and Roman slavery and briefly survey the institutions themselves. Each chapter will open with a section on "Background and Methodology." These will orient the reader for the chapter's "Case Studies," one from Greece and one from Rome--and sometimes a Hellenistic case--that would constitute the bulk of the book"--
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Author: Keith Hopkins

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521281812

Category: History

Page: 292

View: 7053

The enormous size of the Roman empire and the length of time it endured call for an understanding of the institutions which sustained it. In this book, Keith Hopkins, who is both classicist and sociologist, uses various sociological concepts and methods to gain new insights into how traditional Roman institutions changed as the Romans acquired their empire. He examines the chain reactions resulting from increased wealth; various aspects of slavery, especially manumission and the cost of freedom; the curious phenomenon of the political power wielded by eunuchs at court; and in the final chapter he discusses the Roman emperor's divinity and the circulation of untrue stories, which were a currency of the political system. Professor Hopkins has developed an exciting approach to social questions in antiquity and his book should be of interest to all students of ancient history and of historical sociology.
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Author: Sandra R. Joshel,Lauren Hackworth Petersen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113999140X

Category: Art

Page: N.A

View: 2676

The Material Life of Roman Slaves is a major contribution to scholarly debates on the archaeology of Roman slavery. Rather than regarding slaves as irretrievable in archaeological remains, the book takes the archaeological record as a key form of evidence for reconstructing slaves' lives and experiences. Interweaving literature, law, and material evidence, the book searches for ways to see slaves in the various contexts - to make them visible where evidence tells us they were in fact present. Part of this project involves understanding how slaves seem irretrievable in the archaeological record and how they are often actively, if unwittingly, left out of guidebooks and scholarly literature. Individual chapters explore the dichotomy between visibility and invisibility and between appearance and disappearance in four physical and social locations - urban houses, city streets and neighborhoods, workshops, and villas.
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Ancient Rome and the Modern West

Author: Aldo Schiavone

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674000629

Category: History

Page: 278

View: 8999

This searching interpretation of past and present addresses fundamental questions about the fall of the Roman Empire. Why did ancient culture, once so strong and rich, come to an end? Was it destroyed by weaknesses inherent in its nature? Or were mistakes made that could have been avoided-was there a point at which Greco-Roman society took a wrong turn? And in what ways is modern society different? Schiavone's lively and provocative examination of the ancient world, "the eternal theater of history and power," offers a stimulating opportunity to view modern society in light of the experience of antiquity.
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Author: Clifford Ando,Paul J du Plessis,Kaius Tuori

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191044423

Category: History

Page: 650

View: 6711

The Handbook is intended to survey the landscape of contemporary research and chart principal directions of future inquiry. Its aim is to bring to bear upon Roman legal study the full range of intellectual resources of contemporary legal history, from comparison to popular constitutionalism, from international private law to law and society. This unique contribution of the volumesets it apart from others in the field. Furthermore, the volume brings the study of Roman law into closer alignment, and thus into dialogue, with historical, sociological, and anthropological research in law in other periods. The volume is therefore directed not simply to ancient historians and legal historians already focused on the ancient world, but to historians of all periods interested in law and its complex and multifaceted relationship to society.
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Author: Jane F. Gardner

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN: 9780253206350

Category: History

Page: 281

View: 9937

"The book meets the highest standards of scholarly rigor, and treatment of disputed issues is informative without being esoteric. An excellent general survey and introduction." -- Choice "... will be enormously useful for those interested in teaching courses on Roman women or Roman law." -- The Classical Outlook
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Author: Alice Rio

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198704054

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 4972

Slavery After Rome, 500-1100 deals with the question of what happened to slavery in Europe in the centuries following the fall of the Roman Empire. It deals with slave-taking and slave-trading; people who became slaves as a result of a debt or a crime; even people who, for a variety of reasons, actively chose to become slaves. It is the only history of slavery and serfdom to span all of the early middle ages across the whole of Western Europe, incomparative perspective. It offers completely new answers to a very long-standing historical debate, and identifies the distinctive character of slavery in this period. It will appeal to anyone interested in thehistory of the early Middle Ages, as well as in the history of slavery more generally.
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Author: Matthew J. Perry

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107040310

Category: History

Page: 269

View: 1008

This book explores the institution of manumission-the freeing of slaves-in ancient Rome from a gendered perspective. Rome was unique among ancient polities in that it bestowed freed slaves with full citizenship, granting them rights nearly equal to those of freeborn individuals. The sexual identities of a female slave and a female citizen were fundamentally incompatible, as the former was principally defined by her sexual availability and the latter by her sexual integrity. Accordingly, those evaluating the manumission process needed to reconcile a woman's experiences as a slave with the expectations and moral rigor required of the female citizen.
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