Author: Elizabeth Popp Berman,Catherine Paradeise

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing Limited

ISBN: 9781785608315

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 528

View: 1334

Universities are under pressure. Their resource environment is evolving, demands for accountability have increased and demographic shifts are changing higher educational needs. This volume provides a cross-national picture of how the university as an organization is reacting to, adapting to, and threatened by a period of intense pressure.
Read More

Author: Elizabeth Popp Berman,Catherine Paradeise

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1785608304

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 528

View: 3784

Universities are under pressure. Their resource environment is evolving, demands for accountability have increased and demographic shifts are changing higher educational needs. This volume provides a cross-national picture of how the university as an organization is reacting to, adapting to, and threatened by a period of intense pressure.
Read More

Author: Rosemary Deem,Heather Eggins

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9463511164

Category: Education

Page: 8

View: 4769

Whether universities can survive as critical organisations in the current time is an open question which this volume seeks to address. The book examines particular aspects of three main themes: governance, critical regulation and regulated criticism; growth, equality, movement and instability in higher education systems; and teaching and learning. Topics range from ‘University Futures’ to an examination of governance by procedure and the loss of the social process of the university; a discussion of the meaning of academic freedom; and approaches to managerialism. Quality management is discussed, along with the question of whether European Liberal Education actually exists. Various aspects of the theme of teaching and learning are examined, from student participation in out-of-class activities, to the role of Centres of Excellence, and a consideration of widening participation. The book is international in its reach, and addresses the continuing dilemmas faced in higher education systems, within Europe and beyond.
Read More

Advances in Theory, Research, and Methods

Author: Fredric M. Jablin,Linda L. Putnam

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412915250

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 911

View: 2103

Organizational communication as a discipline grew tremendously over the latter part of the twentieth century, but accompanying that growth has been a struggle to establish a clear identity for the field. The ongoing evolution of complex organizations in an equally complex global environment has scholars continuing to define and redefine the focus, boundaries, and future of the field. The New Handbook of Organizational Communication is a landmark volume that weaves together the various threads of this interdisciplinary area of scholarship.
Read More

Studies in Sociology, Organizations and Strategy at the Crossroads

Author: N.A

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787143392

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 1139

This volume brings together some of the world’s leading scholars of market categorization. Together, their contributions depict categorization as both a cognitive and a social process, tightly connected to actors involved, their specific acts, the entity being categorized, and the context and timing which inform these activities.
Read More

A Treatise in the Sociology of Knowledge

Author: Peter L. Berger,Thomas Luckmann

Publisher: Open Road Media

ISBN: 1453215468

Category: Social Science

Page: 219

View: 2877

The classic work that redefined the sociology of knowledge and has inspired a generation of philosophers and thinkers In this seminal book, Peter L. Berger and Thomas Luckmann examine how knowledge forms and how it is preserved and altered within a society. Unlike earlier theorists and philosophers, Berger and Luckmann go beyond intellectual history and focus on commonsense, everyday knowledge—the proverbs, morals, values, and beliefs shared among ordinary people. When first published in 1966, this systematic, theoretical treatise introduced the term social construction,effectively creating a new thought and transforming Western philosophy.
Read More

Contributions from French Pragmatist Sociology

Author: Charlotte Cloutier,Bernard Leca,Jean-Pascal Gond

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787143805

Category: Evaluation

Page: 403

View: 9196

From a sociological perspective, it is generally assumed that actors in society will engage in collective action in order to meet their individual needs and interests. As initially argued by Bourdieu, but also by institutional theorists (Scott, 1995 ; Zucker, 1987), much of this engagement will be tacit and taken for granted. Although scholars stemming from a critical perspective highlight the hegemony of these explanations of coordinated action (Alvesson & Willmott, 2002 ; Willmott, 1993), they say little about the capacity of ordinary actors to mobilize their critical competencies in order to resist such hegemony. If one works from the premise that organizational actors dispose of critical competencies, how do they mobilize these in practice and what implications does this mobilization have on our understanding of coordination and organizational processes more broadly ? This is one of the central questions posed by Boltanski and Thévenot when they embarked on the writing of On Justification (1991, 2006), considered by some to be the most important sociological treatise in post-Bourdieu French sociology (Baert & Carreira da Silva, 2010, p. 43). The articles in this volume explore how mobilizing Boltanski and Thévenot's economies of worth framework, and its associated concepts of justification, evaluation, and critique, help address questions regarding the premises and dynamics of coordinated action, both within and across organizations, and by so doing help advance our understanding of organizational processes more generally.
Read More

Author: Stefan Collini

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141970375

Category: Education

Page: 240

View: 4880

Across the world, universities are more numerous than they have ever been, yet at the same time there is unprecedented confusion about their purpose and scepticism about their value. What Are Universities For? offers a spirited and compelling argument for completely rethinking the way we see our universities, and why we need them. Stefan Collini challenges the common claim that universities need to show that they help to make money in order to justify getting more money. Instead, he argues that we must reflect on the different types of institution and the distinctive roles they play. In particular we must recognize that attempting to extend human understanding, which is at the heart of disciplined intellectual enquiry, can never be wholly harnessed to immediate social purposes - particularly in the case of the humanities, which both attract and puzzle many people and are therefore the most difficult subjects to justify. At a time when the future of higher education lies in the balance, What Are Universities For? offers all of us a better, deeper and more enlightened understanding of why universities matter, to everyone.
Read More

Working and Caring in an Age of Insecurity

Author: Allison J. Pugh

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199957711

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 262

View: 7465

"We live in a tumbleweed society, where job insecurity is rampant and widely seen as inevitable. Companies are transforming the way they organize work. While new working conditions offer gains for some workers, others lose out. Home life offers little respite: while diverse types of families are more accepted than ever before, stability is increasingly lacking in our intimate lives. In The Tumbleweed Society, sociologist Allison Pugh examines the ways we navigate questions of commitment and flexibility at work and at home in a society where insecurity has become the norm. Drawing on 80 in-depth interviews with three groups of parents who vary in their experiences of job insecurity and family structure, Pugh explores how people are adapting to the new culture of insecurity and how these adaptations themselves affect what we can expect from each other. Faced with perpetual insecurity both at work and at home, people construct stronger walls between the two, expecting little or nothing from their jobs and placing nearly all of their expectations for fulfilling connections on their intimate relationships. This trend, Pugh argues, often has the effect of making intimate lives even more fraught, reproducing the very tumbleweed dynamics they seek to check. Pugh shows that our experiences of insecurity shape the way we talk about obligations, how we interpret them as commitments we will or will not shoulder, how we conceive of what we owe each other--indeed, how we are able to weave the fabric of our connected lives"--
Read More

Studying the Complexity of Everyday Life

Author: Sierk Ybema,Dvora Yanow,Harry Wels,Frans H Kamsteeg

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473903386

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 1773

Electronic Inspection Copy available for instructors here Just as newspapers do not, typically, engage with the ordinary experiences of people's daily lives, so organizational studies has also tended largely to ignore the humdrum, everyday experiences of people working in organizations. However, ethnographic approaches provide in-depth and up-close understandings of how the 'everyday-ness' of work is organized and how, in turn, work itself organizes people and the societies they inhabit. Organizational Ethnography brings contributions from leading scholars in organizational studies that serve to unpack an ethnographic perspective on organizations and organizational research. The authors explore the particular problems faced by organizational ethnographers, including: - questions of gaining access to research sites within organizations; - the many styles of writing organizational ethnography; - the role of friendship relations in the field; - problems of distance and closeness; - the doing of at-home ethnography; - ethical issues; - standards for evaluating ethnographic work. This book is a vital resource for organizational scholars and students doing or writing ethnography in the fields of business and management, public administration, education, health care, social work, or any related field in which organizations play a role.
Read More

A Guide to Sensitive Research Methods

Author: Pranee Liamputtong

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781412912549

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 8810

This book takes as its starting point the particular considerations and sensitivities of being a researcher faced with a subject group at the margins of society, and explores the ethical, practical, and methodological implications of working with such groups. Author Pranee Liamputtong explores qualitative methods using examples, drawn from around the world, and from the wide variety of contexts that might count as ‘researching the vulnerable’. Numerous salient points for the conduct of research within vulnerable groups of people, including ethical and moral issues, are considered, and discussed in the context of sensitive and innovative research methods.
Read More

Towards Criteria and Procedures

Author: Michael Ochsner,Sven E. Hug,Hans-Dieter Daniel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319290169

Category: Education

Page: 247

View: 9099

This book analyses and discusses the recent developments for assessing research quality in the humanities and related fields in the social sciences. Research assessments in the humanities are highly controversial and the evaluation of humanities research is delicate. While citation-based research performance indicators are widely used in the natural and life sciences, quantitative measures for research performance meet strong opposition in the humanities. This volume combines the presentation of state-of-the-art projects on research assessments in the humanities by humanities scholars themselves with a description of the evaluation of humanities research in practice presented by research funders. Bibliometric issues concerning humanities research complete the exhaustive analysis of humanities research assessment. The selection of authors is well-balanced between humanities scholars, research funders, and researchers on higher education. Hence, the edited volume succeeds in painting a comprehensive picture of research evaluation in the humanities. This book is valuable to university and science policy makers, university administrators, research evaluators, bibliometricians as well as humanities scholars who seek expert knowledge in research evaluation in the humanities.
Read More

Enhancing academic practice

Author: Heather Fry,Steve Ketteridge,Stephanie Marshall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317650220

Category: Education

Page: 452

View: 9112

This entirely new edition of a very successful book focuses on developing professional academic skills for supporting and supervising student learning and effective teaching. It is built on the premise that the roles of those who teach in higher education are complex and multi-faceted. A Handbook for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education is sensitive to the competing demands of teaching, research, scholarship, and academic management. The new edition reflects and responds to the rapidly changing context of higher education and to current understanding of how to best support student learning. Drawing together a large number of expert authors, it continues to feature extensive use of case studies that show how successful teachers have implemented these ideas. It includes key topics such as student engagement and motivation, internationalisation, employability, inclusive strategies for teaching, effective use of technology and issues relating to postgraduate students and student retention. Part 1 explores a number of aspects of the context of UK higher education that affect the education of students, looking at the drivers of institutional behaviours and how to achieve success as a university teacher. Part 2 examines learning, teaching and supervising in higher education and includes chapters on working with diversity, encouraging independent learning and learning gain. Part 3 considers approaches to teaching and learning in different disciplines, covering a full range including arts and humanities, social sciences, experimental sciences through to medicine and dentistry. Written to support the excellence in teaching and learning design required to bring about student learning of the highest quality, this will be essential reading for all new lecturers, particularly anyone taking an accredited course in teaching and learning in higher education, as well as those experienced lecturers who wish to improve their teaching practice. Those working in adult learning and educational development will also find the book to be a particularly useful resource. In addition it will appeal to staff who support learning and teaching in various other roles.
Read More

Author: Eric H. Kessler

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506307795

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1056

View: 2846

In discussing a management topic, scholars, educators, practitioners, and the media often toss out the name of a theorist (Taylor, Simon, Weber) or make a sideways reference to a particular theory (bureaucracy, total quality management, groupthink) and move on, as if assuming their audience possesses the necessary background to appreciate and integrate the reference. This is often far from the case. Individuals are frequently forced to seek out a hodgepodge of sources varying in quality and presentation to provide an overview of a particular idea. This work is designed to serve as a core reference for anyone interested in the essentials of contemporary management theory. Drawing together a team of international scholars, it examines the global landscape of the key theories and the theorists behind them, presenting them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses to thoughtfully apply them. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, it also offers essays on cutting-edge research as one might find in a handbook. And, like an unabridged dictionary, it provides concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features and Benefits: Two volumes containing over 280 signed entries provide users with the most authoritative and thorough reference resources available on management theory, both in terms of breadth and depth of coverage. Standardized presentation format, organized into categories based on validity and importance, structures entries so that readers can assess the fundamentals, evolution, and impact of theories. To ease navigation between and among related entries, a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically and each entry is followed by Cross-References. In the electronic version, the Reader’s Guide combines with the Cross-References and a detailed Index to provide robust search-and-browse capabilities. An appendix with a Chronology of Management Theory allows readers to easily chart directions and trends in thought and theory from early times to the present. An appendix with Central Management Insights allows readers to easily understand, compare, and apply major theoretical messages of the field. Suggestions for Further Reading at the end of each entry guide readers to sources for more detailed research and discussion. Key themes include: Nature of Management Managing People, Personality, and Perception Managing Motivation Managing Interactions Managing Groups Managing Organizations Managing Environments Strategic Management Human Resources Management International Management and Diversity Managerial Decision Making, Ethics, and Creativity Management Education, Research, and Consulting Management of Operations, Quality, and Information Systems Management of Entrepreneurship Management of Learning and Change Management of Technology and Innovation Management and Leadership Management and Social / Environmental Issues PLUS: Appendix of Chronology of Management Theory PLUS: Appendix of Central Management Insights
Read More

Theory, Research, and Practice

Author: Karen Glanz,Barbara K. Rimer,K. Viswanath

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470432489

Category: Medical

Page: 592

View: 3819

Resources for teaching and learning are posted at tinyurl.com/Glanz4e and www.med.upenn.edu/hbhe4. This fourth edition of the classic book, Health Behavior and Health Education: Theory, Research, and Practice provides a comprehensive, highly accessible, and in-depth analysis of health behavior theories that are most relevant to health education. This essential resource includes the most current information on theory, research, and practice at individual, interpersonal, and community and group levels. This edition includes substantial new content on current and emerging theories of health communication, e-health, culturally diverse communities, health promotion, the impact of stress, the importance of networks and community, social marketing, and evaluation.
Read More

Actors, Ideas and Architectures

Author: Juliana Martínez Franzoni,Diego Sánchez-Ancochea

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107125413

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 1215

This volume examines the concept of global social policy architectures and its emergence across issues and through time.
Read More

Exploring Structural and Categorical Dynamics

Author: Candace Jones,Massimo Maoret

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1787437744

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 7402

Creative industries are a growing and globally important area for both economic vitality and cultural expression of industrialized nations. This volume examines their institutional, categorical and structural dynamics to provide an overview of new trends and emerging issues in scholarship on this topic.
Read More

On the Transformation of Human Conditions into Treatable Disorders

Author: Peter Conrad

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801892349

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 8529

This thought-provoking study offers valuable insight into not only how medicalization got to this point but how it may continue to evolve.
Read More

Challenges for Practice, Theory and Policy

Author: David Billis

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 0230364403

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 5416

Welfare has always been provided by 'public', 'voluntary' and 'private' sector organizations. But do these terms have any meaning in a contemporary welfare landscape where organizations can possess significant characteristics of more than one sector? Is this hybridity now eroding the unique qualities of the different sectors? This book explores these questions, and more, through the lens of a new theory of hybrid organizations – tested and developed in the context of a range of case studies. In detail, it: ■ Develops the first theory of hybrid organizations to discuss the future of the third sector ■ Presents an original analysis of the consequences of hybridity ■ Provides readers with useable ideas to address practical issues of accountability and change Hybrid Organizations and the Third Sector offers an agenda-setting analysis for all those interested in the future of the third sector, the rise of hybridity in the public sector and the study of organizations.
Read More