1800-2000

Author: W. F. Bynum,Anne Hardy,Stephen Jacyna,Christopher Lawrence,E. M. Tansey

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521475655

Category: History

Page: 614

View: 9615

This book, first published in 2006, is a detailed and authoritative account of the last two centuries of the development of 'Western' medicine, a tradition now important everywhere in the world. It is written by leading experts who not only describe the most important people, events, and transformations, but give explanations for why medicine developed as it did, becoming as important as it has in the modern world. It contains one of the first historical summaries of the development of medicine after the Second World War. It is an authoritative source of new information as well as a synthesis of the current state of knowledge on this fascinating subject. The Western Medical Tradition, 1800-2000 is a companion volume to The Western Medical Tradition, 800 BC to AD 1800.
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800 BC to AD 1800

Author: Lawrence I. Conrad,Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521475648

Category: Medical

Page: 556

View: 8477

This text, written by members of the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine and first published in 1995, is designed to cover the history of western medicine from classical antiquity to 1800. As one guiding thread it takes, as its title suggests, the system of medical ideas that in large part went back to the Greeks of the eighth century BC, and played a major role in the understanding and treatment of health and disease. Its influence spread from the Aegean basin to the rest of the Mediterranean region, to Europe, and then to European settlements overseas. By the nineteenth century, however, this tradition no longer carried the same force or occupied so central a position within medicine. This book charts the influence of this tradition, examining it in its social and historical context. It is essential reading as a synthesis for all students of the history of medicine.
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Author: Mary Lindemann

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521425921

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 5766

Concise and accessible introduction to health and healing in Europe from 1500 to 1800.
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Historical Essays

Author: Andrew Wear

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521336390

Category: History

Page: 397

View: 1060

The social history of medicine over the last fifteen years has redrawn the boundaries of medical history. Specialised papers and monographs have contributed to our knowledge of how medicine has affected society and how society has shaped medicine. This book synthesises, through a series of essays, some of the most significant findings of this 'new social history' of medicine. The period covered ranges from ancient Greece to the present time. While coverage is not exhaustive, the reader is able to trace how medicine in the West developed from an unlicensed open market place, with many different types of practitioners in the classical period, to the nineteenth- and twentieth-century professionalised medicine of State influence, of hospitals, public health medicine, and scientific medicine. The book also covers innovatory topics such as patient-doctor relationships, the history of the asylum, and the demographic background to the history of medicine.
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Author: Lyn Robinson

Publisher: Facet Publishing

ISBN: 1856046621

Category: Medical

Page: 236

View: 4497

In an age of internet resource guides, which suffer from the malaise of being outdated before they are published, this much-needed publication addresses the information chain in its entirety, offering a timeless method of understanding healthcare information resources. The author takes a holistic approach in her consideration of healthcare information, with the aim of building an overall understanding of it within the information society. The text analyses the domain of healthcare information, its organizational structures and history, and the nature of its resources and the drivers for change affecting them. It looks at examples of healthcare information resources from the perspective of different user groups, including healthcare professionals and consumers, and goes on to highlight areas of research into healthcare information, including evaluation studies, user and impact studies, bibliometrics, metadata and Web 2.0. The key areas covered are: the healthcare information domain the history of healthcare and its information environment producers and users of healthcare information healthcare information organization healthcare information sources, services and retrieval healthcare information and knowledge management. Readership: This book is written primarily for students of library and information science (LIS), studying either at masters or advanced undergraduate level, and also for practising information professionals and specialists who want to develop their knowledge and bring their skills up to date. It will also be of interest to anyone working in the field of library and information science wishing to understand healthcare information, especially public librarians, who are increasingly called on to advise on health resources, as well as anyone interested in 'healthcare literacy'.
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A New History of Science, Technology, and Medicine

Author: John V. Pickstone

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226667959

Category: Medical

Page: 271

View: 8712

In Ways of Knowing, John V. Pickstone provides a new and accessible framework for understanding science, technology, and medicine (STM) in the West from the Renaissance to the present. Pickstone's approach has four key features. First, he synthesizes the long-term histories and philosophies of disciplines that are normally studied separately. Second, he dissects STM into specific ways of knowing—natural history, analysis, and experimentalism—with separate but interlinked elements. Third, he explores these ways of knowing as forms of work related to our various technologies for making, mending, and destroying. And finally, he relates scientific and technical knowledges to popular understandings and to politics. Covering an incredibly wide range of subjects, from minerals and machines to patients and pharmaceuticals, and from experimental physics to genetic engineering, Pickstone's Ways of Knowing challenges the reader to reexamine traditional conceptualizations of the history, philosophy, and social studies of science, technology, and medicine.
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Author: Waltraud Ernst

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134736029

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 8781

Research into 'colonial' or 'imperial' medicine has made considerable progress in recent years, whilst the study of what is usually referred to as 'indigenous' or 'folk' medicine in colonized societies has received much less attention. This book redresses the balance by bringing together current critical research into medical pluralism during the last two centuries. It includes a rich selection of historical, anthropological and sociological case-studies that cover many different parts of the globe, ranging from New Zealand to Africa, China, South Asia, Europe and the USA.
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Patient Care, Public Health, and the Limits of Biomedicine

Author: Ana Marta Gonzalez

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479878243

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 3611

Do doctors fix patients? Or do they heal them? For all of modern medicine’s many successes, discontent with the quality of patient care has combined with a host of new developments, from aging populations to the resurgence of infectious diseases, which challenge medicine’s overreliance on narrowly mechanistic and technical methods of explanation and intervention, or “fixing’ patients. The need for a better balance, for more humane “healing” rationales and practices that attend to the social and environmental aspects of health and illness and the experiencing person, is more urgent than ever. Yet, in public health and bioethics, the fields best positioned to offer countervailing values and orientations, the dominant approaches largely extend and reinforce the reductionism and individualism of biomedicine. The collected essays in To Fix or To Heal do more than document the persistence of reductionist approaches and the attendant extension of medicalization to more and more aspects of our lives. The contributors also shed valuable light on why reductionism has persisted and why more holistic models, incorporating social and environmental factors, have gained so little traction. The contributors examine the moral appeal of reductionism, the larger rationalist dream of technological mastery, the growing valuation of health, and the enshrining of individual responsibility as the seemingly non-coercive means of intervention and control. This paradigm-challenging volume advances new lines of criticism of our dominant medical regime, even while proposing ways of bringing medical practice, bioethics, and public health more closely into line with their original goals. Precisely because of the centrality of the biomedical approach to our society, the contributors argue, challenging the reductionist model and its ever-widening effects is perhaps the best way to press for a much-needed renewal of our ethical and political discourse.
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An Illustrated History

Author: Irvine Loudon

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199248131

Category: Medical

Page: 347

View: 7972

Featuring more than 150 illustrations, including twenty-four color plates, a finely produced history ranges from the birth of rational medicine in ancient Greece to modern organ transplants and includes a glossary, a chronology, and an index. History Feat Alt. UP.
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An Introduction to Knowledge and Practice

Author: Nancy G. Siraisi

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226761312

Category: History

Page: 264

View: 2074

Western Europe supported a highly developed and diverse medical community in the late medieval and early Renaissance periods. In her absorbing history of this complex era in medicine, Siraisi explores the inner workings of the medical community and illustrates the connections of medicine to both natural philosophy and technical skills.
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Health, Disease and Society in Europe 1500-1800

Author: Peter Elmer

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719067341

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 5937

"The book will appeal to students, teachers, health workers and general readers who wish to develop a critical awareness of medicine in the past. The essays are complemented by a selection of primary and secondary readings in the companion volume, Health, Disease and Society in Europe, 1500-1800: A Source Book."--BOOK JACKET.
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Author: Christopher Lawrence

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134873840

Category: History

Page: 120

View: 1282

Christopher Lawrence's critical overview of medicine's place in the development of modern Britain examines the significance of the clinical encounter in contemporary society. * first short synoptic study of its kind * breaks new ground by bringing together specialised scholarship into a broad argument * shows how the medical profession created a very specific role for itself * relates medicine to general social policy
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2000 years of medicinal plant knowledge

Author: Graeme Tobyn,Alison Denham,Margaret Whitelegg

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702048453

Category: Medical

Page: 392

View: 8306

The Western Herbal Tradition provides a comprehensive and critical exploration of the use of plant medicines through 2000 years of history from Dioscorides to the present day. It follows each of the 27 herbs through a wide range of key sources from European, Arabic and American traditions including Greek, Roman and Renaissance texts. A rich discussion of the historical texts is balanced with current application and research. The herbs have been selected on the basis of common use by practising herbalists. Each illustrated monograph contains: Species, identification and botanical description A study of the characterisation and medicinal use of the plants consistently drawn from featured herbals which includes the authors’ own translations from the Latin Assessment of past and current texts in the transmission of herbal knowledge Consideration of traditional therapeutics, including humoral and physiomedical approaches Suggestions towards a modern experiential approach through Goethean methodology Current evidence on pharmacological constituents Review of evidence on safety Recommendations for internal and external uses, prescribing and dosage Excellent illustrations accompany each monograph to aid learning First book to cover broader historical perspective and discussions of issues surrounding each herb Written by leading experts who are well known in the field Includes some monographs of which there is little material already available The bibliographic evidence provided could support applications for registration of Herbal Medicinal Products under the provisions of the Traditional Herbal Medicinal Product Directive An excellent valuable resource for everyone interested in herbal medicine
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Growing Up in South Dakota, 1920-1950

Author: Eric B. Fowler,Sheila Delaney

Publisher: SDSHS Press

ISBN: 0979894077

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 256

View: 3467

Milbank and Mitchell, dissimilar in size and separated by more than two hundred miles, have more in common than might appear at first glance. Elsewhere in the country, they would be considered small towns, but in South Dakota, they are urban population centers. In the first half of the twentieth century, when many more South Dakotans lived on farms and ranches than do today, towns such as Milbank and Mitchell formed hubs for commerce, social activities, and culture. Eric Fowler and Sheila Delaney looked at their communities from different viewpoints, but their childhood and young adult memories of South Dakota share common themes of life away from the farm. Fowler dealt with the hardships of a low-income, single-parent family in Milbank. Delaney experienced the wealth and occasional grandeur of Mitchell's social elite. Both found respite and youthful joy in mid-century South Dakota urban life. Despite the differences in Fowler and Delaney's circumstances, these two contrasting memoirs bring forth commonalities in the authors' early experiences of small-town life, even while they followed differing paths to adulthood.
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800 BC to AD 1800

Author: Lawrence I. Conrad,Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521475648

Category: Medical

Page: 556

View: 6723

This text, written by members of the Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine and first published in 1995, is designed to cover the history of western medicine from classical antiquity to 1800. As one guiding thread it takes, as its title suggests, the system of medical ideas that in large part went back to the Greeks of the eighth century BC, and played a major role in the understanding and treatment of health and disease. Its influence spread from the Aegean basin to the rest of the Mediterranean region, to Europe, and then to European settlements overseas. By the nineteenth century, however, this tradition no longer carried the same force or occupied so central a position within medicine. This book charts the influence of this tradition, examining it in its social and historical context. It is essential reading as a synthesis for all students of the history of medicine.
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From 2000 to 1887

Author: Edward Bellamy

Publisher: Applewood Books

ISBN: 155709506X

Category: Fiction

Page: 220

View: 4058

Set in Boston on December 26, 2000, but written before the turn of the nineteenth century, this classic Utopian novel is more significant and relevant than ever with its reappearance this millennium. Addressing moral and material concerns of late nineteenth century industrial America through romantic narrative, Bellamy suggests a fictionalized society in which war, poverty, and malice do not exist.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 7019

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"Hysteria," the Vibrator, and Women's Sexual Satisfaction

Author: Rachel P. Maines

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 9780801866463

Category: Science

Page: 181

View: 6773

The author explores hysteria in Western medicine throughout the ages and examines the characterization of female sexuality as a disease requiring treatment. Medical authorities, she writes, were able to defend and justify the clinical production of orgasm in women as necessary to maintain the dominant view of sexuality, which defined sex as penetration to male orgasm - a practice that consistently fails to produce orgasm in a majority of the female population. This male-centered definition of satisfying and healthy coitus shaped not only the development of concepts of female sexual pathology but also the instrumentation designed to cope with them.
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Author: Nicola Barber

Publisher: Heinemann-Raintree Library

ISBN: 1410946444

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 9761

"How much did the Renaissance change medical history and public health? Did landmark developments benefit the everyday lives of ordinary people? This book looks at the new 'scientific' ways of learning and experimentation of the period, to show what health and disease were like in the Old and New Worlds."
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Author: K. Lee

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230353258

Category: Science

Page: 233

View: 7848

An exploration of the philosophical foundation of modern medicine which explains why such a medicine possesses the characteristics it does and where precisely its strengths as well as its weaknesses lie. Written in plain English, it should be accessible to anyone who is intellectually curious, lay persons and medical professionals alike.
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