The Power of Stories to Shape People, History, and Civilization

Author: Martin Puchner

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0812998944

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 4446

The story of literature in sixteen acts—from Homer to Harry Potter, including The Tale of Genji, Don Quixote, The Communist Manifesto, and how they shaped world history In this groundbreaking book, Martin Puchner leads us on a remarkable journey through time and around the globe to reveal the how stories and literature have created the world we have today. Through sixteen foundational texts selected from more than four thousand years of world literature, he shows us how writing has inspired the rise and fall of empires and nations, the spark of philosophical and political ideas, and the birth of religious beliefs. We meet Murasaki, a lady from eleventh-century Japan who wrote the first novel, The Tale of Genji, and follow the adventures of Miguel de Cervantes as he battles pirates, both seafaring and literary. We watch Goethe discover world literature in Sicily, and follow the rise in influence of The Communist Manifesto. Puchner takes us to Troy, Pergamum, and China, speaks with Nobel laureates Derek Walcott in the Caribbean and Orhan Pamuk in Istanbul, and introduces us to the wordsmiths of the oral epic Sunjata in West Africa. This delightful narrative also chronicles the inventions—writing technologies, the printing press, the book itself—that have shaped people, commerce, and history. In a book that Elaine Scarry has praised as “unique and spellbinding,” Puchner shows how literature turned our planet into a written world. Praise for The Written World “It’s with exhilaration . . . that one hails Martin Puchner’s book, which asserts not merely the importance of literature but its all-importance. . . . Storytelling is as human as breathing.”—The New York Times Book Review “Puchner has a keen eye for the ironies of history. . . . His ideal is ‘world literature,’ a phrase he borrows from Goethe. . . . The breathtaking scope and infectious enthusiasm of this book are a tribute to that ideal.”—The Sunday Times (U.K.) “Enthralling . . . Perfect reading for a long chilly night . . . [Puchner] brings these works and their origins to vivid life.”—BookPage “Well worth a read, to find out how come we read.”—Margaret Atwood, via Twitter
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Für Vernunft, Wissenschaft, Humanismus und Fortschritt. Eine Verteidigung

Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104030685

Category: Philosophy

Page: 736

View: 8979

Eine leidenschaftliche Antithese zum üblichen Kulturpessimismus und ein engagierter Widerspruch zu dem weitverbreiteten Gefühl, dass die Moderne dem Untergang geweiht ist. Hass, Populismus und Unvernunft regieren die Welt, Wissenschaftsfeindlichkeit macht sich breit, Wahrheit gibt es nicht mehr: Wer die Schlagzeilen von heute liest, könnte so denken. Doch Bestseller-Autor Steven Pinker zeigt, dass das grundfalsch ist. Er hat die Entwicklung der vergangenen Jahrhunderte gründlich untersucht und beweist in seiner fulminanten Studie, dass unser Leben stetig viel besser geworden ist. Heute leben wir länger, gesünder, sicherer, glücklicher, friedlicher und wohlhabender denn je, und nicht nur in der westlichen Welt. Der Grund: die Aufklärung und ihr Wertesystem. Denn Aufklärung und Wissenschaft bieten nach wie vor die Basis, um mit Vernunft und im Konsens alle Probleme anzugehen. Anstelle von Gerüchten zählen Fakten, anstatt überlieferten Mythen zu glauben baut man auf Diskussion und Argumente. Anschaulich und brillant macht Pinker eines klar: Vernunft, Wissenschaft, Humanismus und Fortschritt sind weiterhin unverzichtbar für unser Wohlergehen. Ohne sie wird die Welt auf keinen Fall zu einem besseren Ort für uns alle. »Mein absolutes Lieblingsbuch aller Zeiten.« Bill Gates
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Author: Fatimah Jan

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 1479776254

Category: Fiction

Page: 185

View: 1771

What if you were given a notebook, what would you do with it? What is the first thing that comes to mind? Is it worthless and meaningless? Is it a waste of time? Could you believe that the words you wrote had a significant meaning . . . something that could impact other people’s lives, something that could help others? Would you still do anything with the book? Sophie is a poor child from a large family. Living with the thought of one day being thrown in the streets had always stained their lives. Her father works several jobs only to be paid the minimum wage. Life is hard on the Bennet family. One day, a stranger visits her and gave her an unusual book. An empty book meant to be filled in only by her. Sophie begins her unknown journey that is soon to unfold. With every single word she writes, a new door in her life is opened, which reveals the most astonishing events that must play a part in her life in the near future.
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Author: Derek Walcott

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783446182998


Page: 343

View: 6469

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Studies in Literate Thought and Action

Author: Roger Säljö

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642728774

Category: Psychology

Page: 214

View: 1152

The written word has taught a way of being. Since the written version of language is visible and permanent, many of our attitudes to and normative assumptions about language - and human communication in general - derive from our experiences of written language. In recent years, scholars from such disciplines as history, anthropology, education and linguistics have joined forces to readdress issues surrounding the problems of the relationship between oral and written language. The lessons to be learnt are fascinating and imply that many of the assumptions we hold concerning language and the human condition are neither "natural" nor universal; rather, they build on highly specific norms and attitudes introduced through a certain literate tradition. Furthermore, these norms have come to dominate many modern social institutions such as schools, the legal system and bureaucracies of various kinds that influence and determine our lives. The present volume analyzes in detail the impact of written language on a broad range of issues that relate to human development in both an ontogenetic and a phylogenetic perspective, together with the relationship of written language to oral and literate practices. The articles cover empirical studies as well as theoretical analyses of literate practices in diverse settings.
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Past and Place in the Work of Orderic Vitalis

Author: Amanda Jane Hingst

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780268030865

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 8986

The Anglo-Norman monk Orderic Vitalis (1075-c.1142) wrote his monumental, highly individual Historia Ecclesiastica as an exercise in monastic discipline intended to preserve the events and character of Christendom for future generations. Though cloistered since childhood in a Benedictine monastery near Normandy's southern border, Orderic gained access to an intellectual world that extended from Scotland to Jerusalem through his engagement with texts and travelers that made their way into his monastic milieu. His Historia Ecclesiastica, with a breadth of vision unparalleled in its time, is a particularly fertile source for an investigation of concepts of space and historiography in the high Middle Ages. In The Written World: Past and Place in the Work of Orderic Vitalis, Amanda Jane Hingst draws on the blend of intellectual intimacy and historiographical breadth in Orderic's writings to investigate the ways in which high medieval historians understood geographical space to be a temporally meaningful framework for human affairs. Hingst explores Orderic's manipulation of the classical geographical tradition, his balancing of spatial scale between the local and the universal, and his sophisticated and original utilization of the new intellectual currents of the twelfth century. She argues that Orderic, along with some of his contemporaries, interpreted Christendom's terrain not merely as a static stage for human action but as a meaningful element in human history. Using a theoretical framework marrying modern spatial theory with medieval philosophical traditions, Hingst suggests that, at its most nuanced, medieval historiography affirmed the symbolic topography of Christendom by linking history and geography in such a way that they mutually forged and reinforced each other. With a clarity of style and ideas, Hingst makes available to both students and trained scholars a fascinating account of a heretofore underappreciated medieval figure and his work. "Amanda Hingst has written a wonderful book--learned, brilliant in concept, and graceful in execution. She provides the most thorough reading of the full text of the most interesting historian of the twelfth century, Orderic Vitalis, and, in so doing, contributes significantly to the study of historiography and the reading of the history of the period." --Robert M. Stein, Doris and Carl Kempner Distinguished Professor of Humanities, Purchase College "Orderic Vitalis is one of the great twelfth-century historians who is both cursorily well-known and hardly known at all in any deep sense. Amanda Hingst offers us a substantial remedy for that lack by taking seriously an aspect of reality that Orderic (but not his modern readers) took seriously: the readable natural world of landscape, traversable space, and dramatic weather, all fraught with meaning for history. Hingst writes from a well-chosen critical place uniting the historian's specificity with the literary critic's sensitivity to map the topography of meanings that Orderic inscribed into the physical settings for the historical events he narrated. Hingst's clever choice of interpretive focus respects both medieval and modern senses of historical reality, and contributes significantly to our still growing awareness of the depth and complexity of medieval historical writing." --Nancy Partner, McGill University "The Written World lives up to its audacious title. Wry, cool, and unflappably alert, it makes brilliant sense of Orderic Vitalis's baffling and luxuriant composition. We have here the work of a historian who can teach literary scholars something about how to read." --Steven Justice, University of California, Berkeley "The Written World is a wonderful, innovative, and beautifully written study of Orderic Vitalis's Historia Ecclesiastica. Amanda Hingst vividly evokes the meaning and function of history for an Anglo-Norman monk at the end of the eleventh century and the beginning of the twelfth. She emphasizes how geographical space provided a temporal framework through which Orderic Vitalis narrated and experienced historical events. The landscape of Christendom, far from being an unchanging backdrop to human deeds, actively participated in the history of the world. Heaven was glimpsed on earth as God manipulated fields and streams, trees and clouds, tempests and dirt with a divine purpose. This book is a major contribution to the intellectual history of the High Middle Ages." --Mark Gregory Pegg, Washington University
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Author: Italo Calvino

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780141394923


Page: 240

View: 822

A true celebration of literature in its many forms, The Written World and the Unwritten Worldbrings together essays, articles, interviews, forewords and notes from the inimitable mind of Italo Calvino. The fate of the novel, reading and translation are just some of the subjects examined in this remarkable work offering an exceptionally global account of literature and its standing in a rapidly changing world.
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Space, Literature, and the Chorological Imagination in Early Modern France

Author: Jeffrey N. Peters

Publisher: Northwestern University Press

ISBN: 0810136996

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 272

View: 406

In The Written World: Space, Literature, and the Chorological Imagination in Early Modern France, Jeffrey N. Peters argues that geographic space may be understood as a foundational, originating principle of literary creation. By way of an innovative reading of chora, a concept developed by Plato in the Timaeus and often construed by philosophical tradition as “space,” Peters shows that canonical literary works of the French seventeenth century are guided by what he calls a “chorological” approach to artistic invention. The chorological imagination describes the poetic as a cosmological event that gives location to—or, more accurately, in Plato’s terms, receives—the world as an object of thought. In analyses of well-known authors such as Corneille, Molière, Racine, and Madame de Lafayette, Peters demonstrates that the apparent absence of physical space in seventeenth-century literary depiction indicates a subtle engagement with, rather than a rejection of, evolving principles of cosmological understanding. Space is not absent in these works so much as transformed in keeping with contemporaneous developments in early modern natural philosophy. The Written World will appeal to philosophers of literature and literary theorists as well as scholars of early modern Europe and historians of science and geography
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Author: Robert Harris

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 364121372X

Category: Fiction

Page: 432

View: 2948

September 1938 – in München treffen sich Hitler, Chamberlain, Mussolini und Daladier zu einer kurzfristig einberufenen Konferenz. Der Weltfrieden hängt am seidenen Faden. Im Gefolge des britischen Premierministers Chamberlain befindet sich Hugh Legat aus dem Außenministerium, der ihm als Privatsekretär zugeordnet ist. Auf der deutschen Seite gehört Paul von Hartmann aus dem Auswärtigen Amt in Berlin zum Kreis der Anwesenden. Den Zugang zur Delegation hat er sich erschlichen. Insgeheim ist er Mitglied einer Widerstandszelle gegen Hitler. Legat und von Hartmann verbindet eine Freundschaft, seit sie in Oxford gemeinsam studiert haben. Nun kreuzen sich ihre Wege wieder. Wie weit müssen sie gehen, wenn sie den drohenden Krieg verhindern wollen? Der neue Politthriller von Robert Harris – ein Roman über Hochverrat und Unbestechlichkeit, über Loyalität und Vertrauensbruch. Und wie immer bei Robert Harris lassen sich über die historischen Figuren und Ereignisse erhellende Bezüge zur aktuellen Weltpolitik herstellen.
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The Written Word and Communication in the Middle East

Author: George Nicholas Atiyeh

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791424735

Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 305

View: 9678

This book explores Muslims' conception of themselves as "the people of the book" and explains the multifaceted meanings of this concept. Published jointly with the Library of Congress, it is an illustrated history of the book and the written word in the Islamic world.
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Die Antarktis-Expedition 1910-1913

Author: Apsley Cherry-Garrard

Publisher: Piper Verlag

ISBN: 3492959083

Category: Travel

Page: 688

View: 2587

Als die Wege in die Antarktis noch »heroischen Charakter « hatten, machte sich Apsley Cherry-Garrard, Spross einer altenglischen Familie, erst 24-jährig auf, dem berühmten Polarforscher Scott zum Südpol zu folgen. Die Expedition misslang; Scott und einige seiner Gefährten verloren ihr Leben. Cherry-Garrard jedoch gelang die Heimkehr, zahnlos fast, aber von der Berufung beseelt, die Geschichte dieser unmenschlich entbehrungsreichen Mission aufzuschreiben. Die Geschichte eines Scheiterns, aber zugleich auch ein Monument der Freundschaft und des Idealismus: wie man sich in die ewige Nacht aufmacht, nur um das Ei eines Kaiserpinguins zu finden.
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Sein Leben

Author: Steven Naifeh,Gregory White Smith

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104038287

Category: Art

Page: 1216

View: 8406

»Die maßgebliche Biographie für Jahrzehnte.« Leo Jansen, Kurator des Van-Gogh-Museums, Amsterdam Die große, bahnbrechende, opulent illustrierte Biographie Vincent van Goghs, die einen völlig neuen Blick auf das Malergenie ermöglicht. Sie vereint große erzählerische Kraft mit psychologischem Feingefühl, neueste Forschungsergebnisse mit unbekannten Einblicken in van Goghs Leben: seine tiefe Verwurzelung in Kunst und Literatur, sein kompliziertes Liebesleben, den Kampf gegen seine psychische Erkrankung sowie die mysteriösen Umstände seines Todes. Diese imposante und tief berührende Lebensbeschreibung eines der größten Künstler der Moderne vermittelt ein komplett neues Verständnis von Künstler und Werk. »Steven Naifeh und Gregory White Smith erhellen einzigartig die Entwicklung von van Goghs intensiven Schaffen und seinen beharrlichen Drang zu Lernen, aller Widrigkeiten zum Trotz.« New York Times »Brillant!« The Daily Telegraph
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Author: Rosamond McKitterick,Professor of Early Medieval History Rosamond McKitterick

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521315654

Category: History

Page: 290

View: 9164

This pioneering book studies the function and status of the written word in Carolingian society in France and Germany in the eighth and ninth centuries. It demonstrates that literacy was by no means confined to a clerical élite, but was dispersed in lay society and used for government and administration, as well as for ordinary legal transactions among the peoples of the Frankish kingdom. While employing a huge range of primary material, the author does not confine herself to a functional analysis of the written word in Carolingian northern Europe but goes on to assess the consequences and implications of literacy for the Franks themselves and for the subsequent development of European society after 1000.
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Author: Mark Kurlansky

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783453600393

Category: History, Modern

Page: 460

View: 3545

Tet-Offensive in Vietnam, Antikriegsbewegung, Prager Frühling, Rassenunruhen in Amerika und Notstandsgesetze in Deutschland, Pariser Mai und Demonstrationen polnischer und italienischer, mexikanischer und japanischer Studenten. Abbie Hoffman in New York,
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Author: Stephen King

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 3641054001

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 384

View: 3508

„Ich schreibe so lange, wie der Leser davon überzeugt ist, in den Händen eines erstklassigen Wahnsinnigen zu sein.“ Stephen King Während der Genesung nach einem schweren Unfall schreibt Stephen King seine Memoiren – Leben und Schreiben sind eins. Ein unverzichtbarer Ratgeber für alle angehenden Schriftsteller und eine Fundgrube für alle, die mehr über den König des Horror-Genres erfahren wollen. Ein kluges und gleichzeitig packendes Buch über gelebte Literatur. »Eine Konfession.« Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung
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