Author: Frank Webster

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415282012

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 5977

Popular opinion suggests that information has become a distinguishing feature of the modern world. Where once economies were built on industry and conquest, we are now instead said to be part of a global information economy. In the first edition of "Theories of the Information Society" Frank Webster set out to make sense of the information explosion, taking a sceptical look at what thinkers mean when they refer to the information society and critically examining all the post-war theories and approaches to informational development.
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The Self-organization of the Knowledge-based Society

Author: Loet Leydesdorff

Publisher: Universal-Publishers

ISBN: 1581126956

Category: Social Science

Page: 351

View: 1291

Networks of communication evolve in terms of reflexive exchanges. The codification of these reflections in language, that is, at the social level, can be considered as the operating system of society. Under sociologically specifiable conditions, the discursive reconstructions can be expected to make the systems under reflection increasingly knowledge-intensive. This sociological theory of communication is founded in a tradition that includes Giddens' (1979) structuration theory, Habermas' (1981) theory of communicative action, and Luhmann's (1984) proposal to consider social systems as self-organizing. The study also elaborates on Shannon's (1948) mathematical theory of communication for the formalization and operationalization of the non-linear dynamics. The development of scientific communications can be studied using citation analysis. The exchange media at the interfaces of knowledge production provide us with the evolutionary model of a Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations. The construction of the European Information Society can then be analyzed in terms of interacting networks of communication. The issues of sustainable development and the expectation of social change are discussed in relation to the possibility of a general theory of communication. REVIEW In this book, LoetLeydesdorff sets out to answer the question, "Can society be considered as a self-organizing (autopoietic) system. In the process, Leydesdorff, develops a general sociological theory of communication, as well as a special theory of scientific communication designed to analyze complex systems such as the Euroean Information Society. (from review in JASIST 53[1], 2002, 62-63)
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A Study in the Integration of Economic and Social Theory

Author: Talcott Parsons,Neil J. Smelser

Publisher: Taylor & Francis US

ISBN: 9780415605151

Category: Reference

Page: 344

View: 7465

First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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International Relations as the Sociology of International Law

Author: Mark Klamberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317617126

Category: Law

Page: 182

View: 1832

When studying international law there is often a risk of focusing entirely on the content of international rules (i.e. regimes), and ignoring why these regimes exist and to what extent the rules affect state behavior. Similarly, international relations studies can focus so much on theories based on the distribution of power among states that it overlooks the existence and relevance of the rules of international law. Both approaches hold their dangers. The overlooking of international relations risk assuming that states actually follow international law, and discounting the specific rules of international law makes it difficult for readers to understand the impact of the rules in more than a superficial manner. This book unifies international law and international relations by exploring how international law and its institutions may be relevant and influence the course of international relations in international trade, protection of the environment, human rights, international criminal justice and the use of force. As a study on the intersection of power and law, this book will be of great interest and use to scholars and students of international law, international relations, political science, international trade, and conflict resolution.
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An Introduction to the Sociology of Education

Author: A. K. C. Ottaway

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415177542

Category: Social Science

Page: 182

View: 3020

First published in 1998. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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Legal Ideas in the Mirror of Social Theory

Author: Roger Cotterrell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351217968

Category: Law

Page: 208

View: 7807

This book presents a distinctive approach to the study of law in society, focusing on the sociological interpretation of legal ideas. It surveys the development of connections between legal studies and social theory and locates its approach in relation to sociolegal studies on the one hand and legal philosophy on the other. It is suggested that the concept of law must be re-considered. Law has to be seen today not just as the law of the nation state, or international law that links nation states, but also as transnational law in many forms. A legal pluralist approach is not just a matter of redefining law in legal theory; it also recognizes that law's authority comes from a plurality of diverse, sometimes conflicting, social sources. The book suggests that the social environment in which law operates must also be rethought, with many implications for comparative legal studies. The nature and boundaries of culture become important problems, while the concept of multiculturalism points to the cultural diversity of populations and to problems of fragmentation, or perhaps to new kinds of unity of the social. Theories of globalization raise a host of issues about the integrity of societies and about the need to understand social networks and forces that extend beyond the political societies of nation states. Through a range of specific studies, closely interrelated and building on each other, the book seeks to integrate the sociology of law with other kinds of legal analysis and engages directly with current juristic debates in legal theory and comparative law.
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Author: Christian Fuchs

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136825304

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 1370

Foundations of Critical Media and Information Studies lays down foundations for the analysis of media, information, and information technology in 21st century information society, as well as introducing the theoretical and empirical tools necessary for the critical study of media and information. Christian Fuchs shows the role classical critical theory can play for analyzing the information society and the information economy, as well as analyzing the role of the media and the information economy in economic development, the new imperialism, and the new economic crisis. The book critically discusses transformations of the Internet (‘web 2.0’), introduces the notion of alternative media as critical media, and shows the critical role media and information technology can play in contemporary society. This book provides an excellent introduction to the study of media, information technology, and information society, making it a valuable reference tool for both undergraduate and postgraduate students of subjects such as Media Studies, Sociology of Media, Social Theory, and New Media.
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Towards a Sociology of the Universe

Author: Peter Dickens,James S. Ormrod

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134189818

Category: Political Science

Page: 233

View: 4513

Space weaponry, satellite surveillance and communications, and private space travel are all means in which outer space is being humanized: incorporated into society’s projects. But what are the political implications of society not only being globalized, but becoming ‘cosmic’? Our ideas about society have long affected, and been affected by, our understanding of the universe: large sections of our economy and society are now organized around humanity’s use of outer space. Our view of the universe, our increasingly ‘cosmic’ society, and even human consciousness are being transformed by new relations with the cosmos. As the first sociological book to tackle humanity’s relationship with the universe, this fascinating volume links social theory to classical and contemporary science, and proposes a new ‘cosmic’ social theory. Written in a punchy, student-friendly style, this timely book engages with a range of topical issues, including cyberspace, terrorism, tourism, surveillance and globalization.
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Author: Frank Webster

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415319270

Category: Computers

Page: 449

View: 2473

There has been much debate over the idea of 'the information society'. Some thinkers have argued that information is becoming the key ordering principle in society, whereas others suggest that the rise of information has been overstated. Whatever the case, it cannot be denied that 'informization' has produced vast changes in advanced societies. The Information Society Reader pulls together the main contributions to this debate from some of the key figures in the field. Major topics addressed include: * post-industrialism * surveillance * transformations * the network society * democracy * digital divisions * virtual relations. With a comprehensive introduction from Frank Webster, selections from Manuel Castells, Anthony Giddens, Michel Foucault and Christopher Lasch amongst others, and section introductions contextualising the readings, this book will be an invaluable resource for students and academics studying contemporary society and all things cyber.
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Author: John Rex

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415604982

Category: Reference

Page: 204

View: 5027

First published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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Author: Liz Chapman

Publisher: Library Assn Pub Limited

ISBN: 9781856043861

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 150

View: 6629

The second edition of this text provides guidance on basic procedures in acquisitions for those professionals who are new to the acquisitions function, LIS students, and assistants in acquisitions and technical services.
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Author: Scott Lash

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1847876528

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 9146

This penetrating book raises questions about how power operates in contemporary society. It explains how the speed of information flows has eroded the separate space needed for critical reflection. It argues that there is no longer an 'outside' to the global flows of communication and that the critique of information must take place within the information itself. The operative unit of the information society is the idea. With the demise of depth reflection, reflexivity through the idea now operates external to the subject in its circulation through networks of humans and intelligent machines. It is these ideas that make the critique of information possible. This book is a major testament to the prospects of culture, politics and theory in the global information society.
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A Study in the Integration of Economic and Social Theory

Author: Talcot Parsons,Neil Smelser

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134685823

Category: Reference

Page: 344

View: 2986

This volume is designed as a contribution to the synthesis of theory ineconomics and sociology. We believe that the degree of separationbetween these two disciplines separation emphasized by intellectualtraditions and present institutional arrangements arbitrarily concealsa degree of intrinsic intimacy between them which must be brought tothe attention of the respective professional groups.
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Author: Stella R Quah,Arnaud Sales

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1847871569

Category: Social Science

Page: 568

View: 7204

`The most up-to-date survey of the range of research in contemporary sociology, extremely useful to students, teachers, and researchers alike. Indispensable for collective and personal libraries' - Immanuel Wallerstein, Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, Paris This unique Handbook provides state-of-the-art reviews of sociology conducted by prominent scholars. Drawing on dedicated knowledge and expertise, the book constitutes an unrivalled guide to the central theoretical and methodological perspectives in the discipline as a whole. The book is organized into six parts: o conceptual perspectives o social and cultural differentiation o changing institutions and collective action o demography, cities and housing o art and leisure o social problems Each chapter includes a comprehensive review of the literature, covering the full range of work from contrasting traditions of thought and approaches. No existing work matches this Handbook for scholarly coverage and relevance. It is a primary resource for understanding the discipline. As such, it will appeal to lecturers, researchers and advanced graduate and undergraduate students in Sociology.
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An International Assessment of New Research and Theory

Author: Carlos Alberto Torres,Ari Antikainen

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742517707

Category: Education

Page: 415

View: 7730

The twentieth century has been marked by the expansion of educational opportunities worldwide. It has been the century of education, and the role of the state in the promotion of public education has been decisive. Yet, at the millennium's turn efforts to diminish the role of the state are rapidly changing education, especially in terms of its role in democracy. This comprehensive handbook offers a fresh view of the social context of education, outlining the challenges as well as the advances in public and private education systems. The book offers a systematic account of current social theory and methodologies, applied perspectives on the development of education in many regions of the world, and compares key themes such as access, school choice, equity, and educational performance.
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Author: Niklas Luhmann

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780710097477

Category: Sociological jurisprudence.

Page: 436

View: 7490

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Author: British Library of Political and Economic Science

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415284035

Category: Reference

Page: 728

View: 8297

First published in 1952, the International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (anthropology, economics, political science, and sociology) is well established as a major bibliographic reference for students, researchers and librarians in the social sciences worldwide. Key features: * Authority: Rigorous standards are applied to make the IBSS the most authoritative selective bibliography ever produced. Articles and books are selected on merit by some of the world's most expert librarians and academics. *Breadth: today the IBSS covers over 2000 journals - more than any other comparable resource. The latest monograph publications are also included. *International coverage: the IBSS reviews scholarship published in over 30 languages, including publications from Eastern Europe and the developing world. *User friendly organization: all non-English titles are word sections. Extensive author, subject and place name indexes are provided in both English and French. Place your standing order now for the 2001 volumes of the IBSS. Anthropology: 2001 Vol.47 December 2002: 234x156: 584pp Hb: 0-415-28400-7: £195.00 Economics: 2001 Vol.50 December 2002: 234x156: 656pp Hb: 0-415-28401-5: £195.00 Political Science: 2001 Vol.50 December 2002: 234x156: 648pp Hb: 0-415-28402-3: £195.00 Sociology: 2001 Vol.51 December 2002: 234x156: 672pp Hb: 0-415-28403-1: £195.00
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Author: James E. Cote,Andy Furlong

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317677781

Category: Social Science

Page: 396

View: 7730

This is the first handbook to cover the sociological approaches to higher education. It is timely because of global expansions of mass higher educational systems, especially as these systems come under scrutiny by a variety of stakeholders. Questions are being raised about the value of traditional pedagogies along with calls for efficiency, accountability and cost-reduction, but above all job training. Within this neoliberal context, each chapter examines different sociological aspects of, and debates about, educational institutions as status-conferring organizations, with myriad positional characteristics, experiences, and outcomes. Many current debates concern the legitimacy of the statuses conferred, including the continuing debate regarding the role of universities in legitimating social class reproduction as well as more recent concerns about standards in mass systems. This handbook puts these issues and debates in focus in ways that will be of interest to a variety of stakeholders, within academia as well as in policy circles.
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For a Social Theory of Deviance

Author: Ian Taylor,Paul Walton,Jock Young

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134966660

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 8707

A major contribution to criminology in which Taylor, Walton and Young provide a framework for a fully social theory of crime.
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The Production and Distribution of Information in the United States

Author: Jorge Reina Schement,Terry Curtis

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412835688

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 285

View: 5912

The development of technology and the hunger for information has caused a wave of change in daily life in America. Nearly every American's environment now consists of cable television, video cassette players, answering machines, fax machines, and personal computers. Schement and Curtis argue that the information age has evolved gradually throughout the twentieth century. National focus on the production and distribution of information stems directly from the organizing principles and realities of the market system, not from a revolution sparked by the invention of the computer. Now available in paperback, Tendencies and Tensions of the Information Age, brings together findings from many disciplines, including classical studies, etymology, political sociology, and macroeconomics. This valuable resource will be enjoyed by sociologists, historians, and scholars of communication and information studies.
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