Author: C.B.P. Finn

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748743797

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 3345

Concise yet thorough, accessible, authoritative, and affordable. These are the hallmarks of books in the remarkable Physics and its Applications series. Thermodynamics is an essential part of any physical sciences education, but it is so full of pitfalls and subtleties, that many students fail to appreciate its elegance and power. In Thermal Physics, the author emphasizes understanding the basic ideas and shows how the important thermodynamics results can be simply obtained from the fundamental relations without getting lost in a maze of partial differentials. In this second edition, Dr. Finn incorporated new sections on scales of temperature, availability, the degradation of energy, and lattice defects. The text contains ample illustrations and examples of applications of thermodynamics in physics, engineering, and chemistry.
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Author: Kraftmakher Yaakov

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814434914

Category: Science

Page: 796

View: 7881

A laboratory manual for high schools, colleges, and universities. The second edition contains more than 140 experiments and demonstrations presented in ten chapters: Introductory Experiments (30), Mechanics (11), Molecular Physics (11), Electricity and Magnetism (13), Optics and Atomic Physics (12), Condensed Matter Physics (11), Semiconductors (10), Applied Physics (11), Nobel Prize Experiments (10), and Student Projects (25). All the experiments are illustrated through the results of real measurements. New experiments developed by the author in 2007-2014 are added to this edition.
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University Physics with Modern Physics

Author: Bauer & Westfall

Publisher: Bukupedia

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 1496

View: 2062

Instructor Solutions Manual to accompany UNIVERSITY PHYSICS, Second Edition Table of Contents PART 1 MECHANICS OF POINT PARTICLES 1 Overview 1 2 Motion in a Straight Line 45 3 Motion in Two and Three Dimensions 108 4 Force 163 5 Kinetic Energy, Work, and Power 223 6 Potential Energy and Energy Conservation 255 7 Momentum and Collisions 308 PART 2 EXTENDED OBJECTS, MATTER, AND CIRCULAR MOTION 8 Systems of Particles and Extended Objects 380 9 Circular Motion 430 10 Rotation 474 11 Static Equilibrium 521 12 Gravitation 574 13 Solids and Fluids 628 PART 3 OSCILLATIONS AND WAVES 14 Oscillations 673 15 Waves 713 16 Sound 747 PART 4 THERMAL PHYSICS 17 Temperature 783 18 Heat and the First Law of Thermodynamics 806 19 Ideal Gases 835 20 The Second Law of Thermodynamics 870 PART 5 ELECTRICITY 21 Electrostatics 898 22 Electric Fields and Gauss’s Law 934 23 Electric Potential 973 24 Capacitors 1007 25 Current and Resistance 1046 26 Direct Current Circuits 1075 PART 6 MAGNETISM 27 Magnetism 1113 28 Magnetic Fields of Moving Charges 1141 29 Electromagnetic Induction 1171 30 Alternating Current Circuits 1197 31 Electromagnetic Waves 1224 PART 7 OPTICS 32 Geometric Optics 1248 33 Lenses and Optical Instruments 1270 34 Wave Optics 1304 PART 8 RELATIVITY AND QUANTUM PHYSICS 35 Relativity 1324 36 Quantum Physics 1354 37 Quantum Mechanics 1382 38 Atomic Physics 1419 39 Elementary Particle Physics 1444 40 Nuclear Physics 1464
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Author: Garg, Bansal & Ghosh

Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 1259050807

Category: Kinetic theory of gases

Page: N.A

View: 936

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Entropy and Free Energies

Author: Joon Chang Lee

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814340766

Category: Science

Page: 375

View: 3157

The book aims to explain the basic ideas of thermal physics intuitively and in the simplest possible way. It is aimed at making the reader feel comfortable with the ideas of entropy and free energy. Thermal physics is prone to misunderstanding, confusion and is often being overlooked. However, a good foundation is necessary to prepare the reader for advanced level studies.
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Fragen und Antworten

Author: Jearl Walker

Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag

ISBN: 9783486580679

Category:

Page: 346

View: 3450

Ob Blitz oder blauer Himmel, Glühwürmchen, Teetassen oder Seifenblasen - im täglichen Leben stolpert man laufend über Naturphänomene. Jearl Walker hat die spannendsten und witzigsten aufgegriffen und in diesem Buch deren physikalische Erklärungen skizziert - nicht in Formeln, sondern mit Worten. Einige Lösungen sind einfach zu finden, andere sind enorm schwierig und gestandene Physiker kommen ins Schwitzen beim Versuch, diese Fragen zu beantworten. Der "Fliegende Zirkus der Physik" existiert seit nunmehr 30 Jahren. Das Buch ist in über zehn Sprachen übersetzt worden und wird noch immer weltweit verkauft. Für diese Neuauflage hat Walker das Buch vollständig überarbeitet und zahlreiche neue Phänomene aus der physikalischen Alltagswelt aufgenommen. "Der fliegende Zirkus der Physik" ist reich bebildert und illustriert und lädt damit zum Schmökern und Nachdenken ein.
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Author: Franz Mandl

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118723430

Category: Science

Page: 248

View: 6447

The Manchester Physics Series General Editors: D. J. Sandiford; F. Mandl; A. C. Phillips Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester Properties of Matter B. H. Flowers and E. Mendoza Optics Second Edition F. G. Smith and J. H. Thomson Statistical Physics Second Edition E. Mandl Electromagnetism Second Edition I. S. Grant and W. R. Phillips Statistics R. J. Barlow Solid State Physics Second Edition J. R. Hook and H. E. Hall Quantum Mechanics F. Mandl Particle Physics Second Edition B. R. Martin and G. Shaw The Physics of Stars Second Edition A. C. Phillips Computing for Scientists R. J. Barlow and A. R. Barnett Statistical Physics, Second Edition develops a unified treatment of statistical mechanics and thermodynamics, which emphasises the statistical nature of the laws of thermodynamics and the atomic nature of matter. Prominence is given to the Gibbs distribution, leading to a simple treatment of quantum statistics and of chemical reactions. Undergraduate students of physics and related sciences will find this a stimulating account of the basic physics and its applications. Only an elementary knowledge of kinetic theory and atomic physics, as well as the rudiments of quantum theory, are presupposed for an understanding of this book. Statistical Physics, Second Edition features: A fully integrated treatment of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics. A flow diagram allowing topics to be studied in different orders or omitted altogether. Optional "starred" and highlighted sections containing more advanced and specialised material for the more ambitious reader. Sets of problems at the end of each chapter to help student understanding. Hints for solving the problems are given in an Appendix.
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Author: Q Ho-Kim,N Kumar,C S Lam

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814486485

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 7775

This completely revised second edition of our hugely popular book invites the reader to explore ten of the most important areas of modern physics: Symmetry, Lasers, Superconductivity, Bose–Einstein Condensation, Nanoscience, Quantum Computation, Chaos and Fractals, Stellar Evolution, Particles, and Cosmology. The new edition adds three new chapters in about a third of the book, covering the latest, hottest topics in contemporary physics: Bose–Einstein Condensate: Where Many Become One and How to Get There: Bose Statistics: Counting of the Indistinguishables; Bose–Einstein Condensation (BEC): The Over-Population Crisis; Cooling and Trapping of Atoms: Towards BEC; Doppler Limit and its Break Down; Trapping of Cold Atoms: Magnetic and Magneto-Optic Trap; Evaporative Cooling; BEC Finally: But How do We Know?; BEC: What Good is it? Exploring Nanostructures: Towards the Bottom; The Rise of Nanoscience; Confined Systems; Quantum Devices; The Genius of Carbon; Spintronics; Nanos at Large. Quantum Computation and Information: Classical Computer; Quantum Computer; Quantum Gates; Deutsch's Algorithm; Finding the Period of a Function; Shor's Factorization Algorithm; Grover's Search Algorithm; Hardware and Error Correction; Cryptography; Quantum Teleportation. The authors give a fascinating, up-to-date account of the exciting advances in these fast-moving fields. Their emphasis is as much on describing natural phenomena as on attempting to explain them in terms of basic principles, replacing equations with physical insight. General readers and university undergraduates alike will find this unique book a useful guide to the worlds of modern physics, while the mature scientist will get an insightful survey of neighboring fields of research. For the teacher who takes a thematic approach to teaching physics, this book will be a complete source of current topics at the frontiers of research; and for the student, a valuable tool of study, made even more useful by numerous pertinent problems (with complete solutions) and references found at the end of each chapter. Contents:Symmetry of Nature and Nature of SymmetryLasers and PhysicsSuperconductivityBose-Einstein Condensate: Where Many Become One and How to Get ThereExploring NanostructuresQuantum Computation and InformationChaos: Chance Out of NecessityBright Stars and Black HolesElementary Particles and ForcesCosmology Readership: Students, researchers in physics, chemistry, engineering and mathematics, science writers and general readers. Keywords:Symmetry;Lasers;Superconductivity;Bose-Einstein Condensate;Chaos;Fractals;Nanostructures;Spintronics;Fullerenes;Quantum Computation;Quantum Information;Elementary Particles;Cosmology;White Dwarfs;Neutron Stars;Black HolesReviews:“I am quite impressed both with the choice of highly interesting topics and the pedagogical presentation. This book will provide those with a basic knowledge of mathematics and physics, and an urge to learn more about Nature, with a precious source of information. I commend World Scientific for publishing this book. There is a need for this type of presentation, which lies in between non-technical, popular discussions and professional articles.”Professor Paul Hoyer University of Helsinki “This book invites readers to an up-to-date account of the ever changing world of modern physics from the smallest of elementary particles and strings to the vast of the whole cosmos. The authors have done an excellent job of explaining in simple language the physical principles and the complex phenomena. The book is a delightful reading to everyone who is interested in understanding the physical world around us. I especially enjoy the exposition of the fascinating subject of quantum computing.”Professor Tung-Mow Yan Cornell University “This is a very entertaining book — much like an extended banquet with a choice of intellectual delicacies. Not to be consumed in one sitting, but savored over many readings. The book addresses many of the most exciting topics of the day: quantum computation, Bose–Einstein condensation, cosmology, and nanotechnology. The presentation is engaging and smooth, and the book is very enlightening and informative.”Professor S “Sri” Sridhar Northeastern University “It is an impressive feat by the authors to cover such a wide panorama of physics from particles to cosmos and at a consistently high scientific level of information and explanation. This level is excellent and is at the frontier of current research … the great strength of this book, and the main reason why it is worth reading by anyone interested in modern science, lies in the text itself, which provides a fascinating and lively guide to the world of contemporary physics. And, as with any guide, this is truly an invitation to go beyond.”European Journal of Physics “This book is a must-read for those wanting to put their finger back on the pulse of physics research today … Ho-Kim, Kumar, and Lam successfully create a relaxed learning atmosphere, teach difficult topics, and generate reader excitement and interest in important research areas. Many guests will accept this invitation to contemporary physics.”The Industrial Physicist
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An Introduction to Biological Physics and Molecular Biophysics

Author: Hans Frauenfelder

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441910448

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 1590

Provides an introduction to the structure and function of biomolecules --- especially proteins --- and the physical tools used to investigate them The discussion concentrates on physical tools and properties, emphasizing techniques that are contributing to new developments and avoiding those that are already well established and whose results have already been exploited fully New tools appear regularly - synchrotron radiation, proton radiology, holography, optical tweezers, and muon radiography, for example, have all been used to open new areas of understanding
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Author: Steven Holzner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527692576

Category: Science

Page: 404

View: 4407

Von Ampere bis Zentripetalkraft – alles, was Sie über Physik wissen müssen Lässt Thermodynamik Sie kalt? Stößt Magnetismus Sie ab? Oder springt der Funke der Elektrizität einfach nicht auf Sie über? Kein Problem, Physik für Dummies entführt auch die, die damit eigentlich nichts am Hut haben, in die faszinierende Welt der Physik. Steve Holzner stellt Ihnen physikalische Phänomene vor und erklärt die dahinterstehenden Naturgesetze samt der notwendigen mathematischen Grundlagen. Egal ob Energie, Wärme oder Licht, alles wird mit ausführlichen Beispielen und anschauli‐ chen Abbildungen erläutert. Nach jedem Kapitel finden Sie Übungsaufgaben und Lösungen, mit denen Sie das Gelernte festigen können.
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With Computer Applications

Author: Harvey Gould,Jan Tobochnik

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9781400837038

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 4396

This textbook carefully develops the main ideas and techniques of statistical and thermal physics and is intended for upper-level undergraduate courses. The authors each have more than thirty years' experience in teaching, curriculum development, and research in statistical and computational physics. Statistical and Thermal Physics begins with a qualitative discussion of the relation between the macroscopic and microscopic worlds and incorporates computer simulations throughout the book to provide concrete examples of important conceptual ideas. Unlike many contemporary texts on thermal physics, this book presents thermodynamic reasoning as an independent way of thinking about macroscopic systems. Probability concepts and techniques are introduced, including topics that are useful for understanding how probability and statistics are used. Magnetism and the Ising model are considered in greater depth than in most undergraduate texts, and ideal quantum gases are treated within a uniform framework. Advanced chapters on fluids and critical phenomena are appropriate for motivated undergraduates and beginning graduate students. Integrates Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations as well as other numerical techniques throughout the text Provides self-contained introductions to thermodynamics and statistical mechanics Discusses probability concepts and methods in detail Contains ideas and methods from contemporary research Includes advanced chapters that provide a natural bridge to graduate study Features more than 400 problems Programs are open source and available in an executable cross-platform format Solutions manual (available only to teachers)
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Author: Andrew Liddle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527670920

Category: Science

Page: 217

View: 7054

Dank sich stets verbessernder boden- und weltraumgestützter Teleskope stehen der Kosmologie inzwischen Daten zur Verfügung, die Rückschlüsse auf immer frühere Phasen des Universums und Vergleiche mit Modellvorstellungen erlauben. Daher gewinnt die Kosmologie in den Astronomiekursen der Universitäten beständig an Wichtigkeit. Die "Einführung in die Moderne Kosmologie" ist eine anschauliche und leicht verständliche Darstellung moderner kosmologischer Konzepte, die neben zahlreichen Beispielen und Übungsaufgaben auch Hinweise und Endergebnisse enthält, sodass das Erlernte sofort ausprobiert und kontrolliert werden kann. Das Buch ist klar eingeteilt und behandelt in sechs separaten Kapiteln Themen für Fortgeschrittene, darunter relativistische Kosmologie und Neutrino-Kosmologie. Die vorliegende Übersetzung der zweiten Auflage wurde wesentlich ergänzt und erweitert und umfasst neueste Beobachtungsergebnisse sowie zusätzliches Material zur empirischen Kosmologie und Strukturbildung.
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Author: Mike Crundell,Geoff Goodwin,Chris Mee,Wendy Brown,Brian Arnold

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1471809226

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 4409

Clear coverage of the latest specification from an experienced author team of examiners and teachers, plus a free Student's CD-ROM. This new edition follows the syllabus exactly and is written in two parts, reflecting the AS and A Level section division of the syllabus. - Improves exam performance with annotated sample exam answers at three levels - Offers additional support on a Student's CD-ROM, included with every book - Provides opportunities for self assesment with worked examples and consolidation questions The Student's CD-ROM features: - interactive tests - topic summaries - key terms - additional questions - a revision checklist for each topic - informations and advice in revision planning
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Author: Stephen J. Blundell,Katherine M. Blundell

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191574333

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 6684

An understanding of thermal physics is crucial to much of modern physics, chemistry and engineering. This book provides a modern introduction to the main principles that are foundational to thermal physics, thermodynamics and statistical mechanics. The key concepts are carefully presented in a clear way, and new ideas are illustrated with copious worked examples as well as a description of the historical background to their discovery. Applications are presented to subjects as diverse as stellar astrophysics, information and communication theory, condensed matter physics and climate change. Each chapter concludes with detailed exercises. The second edition of this popular textbook maintains the structure and lively style of the first edition but extends its coverage of thermodynamics and statistical mechanics to include several new topics, including osmosis, diffusion problems, Bayes theorem, radiative transfer, the Ising model and Monte Carlo methods. New examples and exercises have been added throughout.
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Author: A.P.H. Peters,J.R.W. Warn

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 020349427X

Category: Science

Page: 204

View: 1345

The first edition of Concise Chemical Thermodynamics proved to be a very popular introduction to a subject many undergraduate students perceive as a difficult topic, because it presented thermodynamics with practical chemical examples in a way that used little mathematics. In this second edition the text has been carefully revised to ensure the same approach is maintained. Students are led to an understanding of Gibbs free energy early on, and the concept is demonstrated in several different fields. The book includes discussions of experimental equilibrium data, an introduction to electrochemistry, a brief survey of Ellingham diagrams, and a treatment of entropy without reference to the Carnot cycle. A new chapter on computer-based methods in thermodynamics has been added to reflect current technological trends and practices. Thermodynamic data has been revised in light of information provided by the work of the Scientific Group Thermodata Europe, to ensure that the symbols and units reflect the latest IUPAC rules. In addition, the problems and examples have been updated, replaced, and amplified to reflect current understanding and concerns. Undergraduate students of chemistry will find this an ideal introduction to chemical thermodynamics.
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Author: Anthony C. Fischer-Cripps

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466517824

Category: Science

Page: 238

View: 3062

Understand the Physics of the Solid State Updated and expanded with new topics, The Materials Physics Companion, 2nd Edition puts the physics of the solid state within the reach of students by offering an easy-to-navigate pathway from basic knowledge through to advanced concepts. This edition illustrates how electrical and magnetic properties of matter arise from the basic principles of quantum mechanics in a way that is accessible to science and engineering students. A Convenient, Student-Friendly Format Rich with Diagrams and Clear Explanations The book uses the unique signature style of the author’s other companion books, providing detailed graphics, simple and clear explanations of difficult concepts, and annotated mathematical treatments. It covers quantum mechanics, x-ray analysis, solid-state physics, the mechanical and thermal properties of solids, the electrical and magnetic properties of solids, and superconductivity, assuming no prior knowledge of these advanced areas. Suitable for undergraduate students in science and engineering, the book is also a handy refresher for professional scientists and educators. Be sure to check out the author’s other companion books: The Mathematics Companion: Mathematical Methods for Physicists and Engineers, 2nd Edition The Physics Companion, 2nd Edition The Electronics Companion: Devices and Circuits for Physicists and Engineers, 2nd Edition The Chemistry Companion
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Author: Charles Kittel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 366314030X

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 2373

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Author: Paul Blaise,Olivier Henri-Rousseau

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118018026

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 6947

An invaluable reference for an overall but simple approach to the complexity of quantum mechanics viewed through quantum oscillators Quantum oscillators play a fundamental role in many areas of physics; for instance, in chemical physics with molecular normal modes, in solid state physics with phonons, and in quantum theory of light with photons. Quantum Oscillators is a timely and visionary book which presents these intricate topics, broadly covering the properties of quantum oscillators which are usually dispersed in the literature at varying levels of detail and often combined with other physical topics. These properties are: time-independent behavior, reversible dynamics, thermal statistical equilibrium and irreversible evolution toward equilibrium, together with anharmonicity and anharmonic couplings. As an application of these intricate topics, special attention is devoted to infrared lineshapes of single and complex (undergoing Fermi resonance or Davydov coupling) damped H-bonded systems, providing key insights into this rapidly evolving area of chemical science. Quantum Oscillators is a long overdue update in the literature surrounding quantum oscillators, and serves as an excellent supplementary text in courses on IR spectroscopy and hydrogen bonding. It is a must-have addition to the library of any graduate or undergraduate student in chemical physics.
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