Author: Mark Lovell,Jeffrey Barth,Michael Collins,Ruben Echemendia

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789026519611

Category: Psychology

Page: 520

View: 8462

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) in sports has become an important international public health issue over the past two decades. However, until recently, return to play decisions following a sports-related traumatic brain injury have been based on anecdotal evidence and have not been based on scientifically validated clinical protocols. Over the past decade, the field of Neuropsychology has become an increasingly important component of the return to play decision making process following TBI. Neuropsychological assessment instruments are increasingly being adapted for use with athletes throughout the world and the field of sports neuropsychology appears to be a rapidly evolving subspecialty. This book provides a comprehensive overview of the application of neuropsychological assessment instruments in sports, and it is structured to present a global perspective on contemporary research. In addition to a review of current research, Traumatic Brain Injury in Sports: An International Neuropsychological Perspective, presents a thorough review of current clinical models that are being implemented internationally within American and Australian rules football, soccer, boxing, ice hockey, rugby and equestrian sports.
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Assessment and Management of Traumatic Brain Injury

Author: Ruben J. Echemend?a

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1572300787

Category: Psychology

Page: 324

View: 5440

In actual therapy sesions, the video shows Dr. Linehan teaching patients the use of such skills as mindfulness, distress tolerance, interpersonal effectiveness, and emotional regulation in order to manage extreme beliefs and behaviors. Viewers observe how Dr. Linehan and a team of therapists work through the range of problems and frustrations that arise in treatment.
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Author: Sarah A. Raskin,Catherine A. Mateer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198024665

Category: Medical

Page: 312

View: 2689

Despite the importance of the problem, strikingly little has been written about effective approaches to the treatment of individuals with mild to moderate brain injury. This book is designed for neuropsychologists, counseling and rehabilitation psychologists, and other rehabilitation professionals who work with individuals who have sustained brain injuries of mild to moderate severity. It provides a context for understanding and evaluating the common consequences of such injuries and offers both theoretical perspectives and practical suggestions for helping individuals to adjust to and compensate for residual difficulties. Early chapters focus on different domains of cognitive functioning, while later chapters describe clinical approaches to helping clients manage common emotional reactions such as depression, irritability, and anxiety. While the book acknowledges and discusses the controversy about the origins of persistent symptoms following mild brain injures, it does not focus on the controversy. Rather, it adopts a "what works" approach to dealing with individuals who have persistent symptoms and perceptions that contribute to disability and to emotional distress. Many of these individuals benefit significantly from neuropsychological intervention. Case examples throughout the book illustrate the adaptation of cognitive, cognitive-behavioral, and traditional psychotherapeutic approaches to individuals with mild to moderate brain injury. Self-regulation and self-management of both cognitive failures and emotional responses are described as appropriate and effective in this population.
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Peripheral Nervous System

Author: James W. Albers,Stanley Berent

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1135421064

Category: Psychology

Page: 496

View: 1613

This book, the second of three volumes, concentrates on peripheral nervous system disorders. Examining the effects of neurotoxicants on nerve, muscle and the neuromuscular junction, it builds on the scientific principles outlined in volume 1 by looking at the application of the methods discussed, particularly in terms of the evaluation and diagnosis of individual patients and the related process of establishing causation. Neurobehavorial Toxicology, Volume 2 will be of interest to practicing neurologists and neuropsychologists, as well as to occupational medicine physicians and medical toxicologists.
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International Perspectives

Author: Holly A. Tuokko,David F. Hultsch

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1134953828

Category: Psychology

Page: 336

View: 9183

Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) has been identified as an important clinical transition between normal aging and the early stages of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Since treatments for AD are most likely to be most effective early in the course of the disease, MCI has become a topic of great importance and has been investigated in different populations of interest in many countries. This book brings together these differing perspectives on MCI for the first time. This volume provides a comprehensive resource for clinicians, researchers, and students involved in the study, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of people with MCI. Clinical investigators initially defined mild cognitive impairment (MCI) as a transitional condition between normal aging and the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Because the prevalence of AD increases with age and very large numbers of older adults are affected worldwide, these clinicians saw a pressing need to identify AD as early as possible. It is at this very early stage in the disease course that treatments to slow the progress and control symptoms are likely to be most effective. Since the first introduction of MCI, research interest has grown exponentially, and the utility of the concept has been investigated from a variety of perspectives in different populations of interest (e.g., clinical samples, volunteers, population-based screening) in many different countries. Much variability in findings has resulted. Although it has been acknowledged that the differences observed between samples may be ‘legitimate variations’, there has been no attempt to understand what it is we have learned about MCI (i.e., common features and differences) from each of these perspectives. This book brings together information about MCI in different populations from around the world. Mild Cognitive Impairment will be an important resource for any clinician, researcher, or student involved in the study, detection, treatment, and rehabilitation of people with MCI.
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Author: Joel E. Morgan,Joseph H. Ricker

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1134981988

Category: Psychology

Page: 1064

View: 1315

Containing 50 chapters by some of the most prominent clinical neuropsychologists, the Textbook of Clinical Neuropsychology sets a new standard in the field in its scope, breadth, and scholarship. Unlike most other books in neuropsychology, the Textbook is organized primarily around syndromes, disorders, and related clinical phenomena. Written for the clinician at all levels of training, from the beginner to the journeyman, the Textbook presents contemporary clinical neuropsychology in a comprehensive volume. Chapters are rich with reviews of the literature and clinical case material spanning a range from pediatric to adult and geriatric disorders. Chapter authors are among the most respected in their field, leaders of American Neuropsychology, known for their scholarship and professional leadership. Rarely have so many distinguished members of one discipline been in one volume. This is essential reading for students of neuropsychology, and all others preparing for careers in the field.
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State-of-the-Art and Future Directions

Author: Ari Kalechstein,Wilfred G. van Gorp

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 1136872493

Category: Psychology

Page: 504

View: 1873

explores cutting-edge issues, such as considering the issue of medical marijuana from a neuropsychological perspective, understanding how living in various environments can affect brain structure and function, and conceptualizing the issue of drug use using emergent theories, such as behavioral economics.
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Symptom Validity Assessment and Malingering

Author: Dominic Carone, Ph.D.,Shane S. Bush

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826109152

Category: Medical

Page: 430

View: 6794

Print+CourseSmart
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Biological, Cognitive, and Clinical Perspectives

Author: Jennifer J. Vasterling,Chris Brewin

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781593851736

Category: Psychology

Page: 337

View: 6175

The emotional and behavioral symptoms associated with PTSD have been widely studied, but until recently, much less was known about neuropsychological aspects of the disorder. This volume brings together leading experts to synthesize current knowledge on how trauma affects the brain. Integrating compelling insights from neurobiology with clinical and cognitive perspectives, the book presents cutting-edge theoretical advances with major implications for assessment and treatment. Clearly written and well documented, the volume explores the emergence of neuropsychological dysfunction in specific trauma populations: children, adults, older adults, and victims of closed-head injury. Coverage encompasses a range of chronic problems with memory, attention, and information processing, including biases in the ways that PTSD sufferers attend to and remember emotionally relevant information, as well as how they encode and retrieve trauma-related memories. Throughout, authors back up their arguments with salient empirical research, highlighting key findings from functional neuroimaging and electrophysiology. Methodological dilemmas and controversies are also addressed, such as the challenges of studying a disorder with frequent psychiatric and medical comorbidities. Timely and authoritative, this comprehensive work provides vital knowledge for trauma specialists and other researchers and clinicians, including neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists, and psychiatrists. It will also be of interest to advanced students in these areas.
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Central Nervous System

Author: Stanley Berent,James W. Albers

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136874380

Category: Psychology

Page: 648

View: 8116

This is the final volume in a three-volume work that has addressed the scientific methodologies relevant to clinical neurobehavioral toxicology. Volume I focused on basic concepts and methodologies in Neurobehavioral Toxicology, with Volume II focusing on the peripheral nervous system. Volume III attends to what is known about industrial and environmental chemicals, medicines, and substances of abuse and how these agents affect the central nervous system. All substances have the capacity to be toxic, depending on factors that include the physical properties of the chemical or compound, organism related variables, or interaction between the two. These substances on the other hand and as a result of these same factors might be used therapeutically or even recreationally. The difference between medicine, recreational drug, or poison depends often on a careful balance between adverse and intended effects. How to determine that a specified substance has caused harm is emphasized in the present volume by way of case examples and discussion. Illnesses and behavioral variations that compete with toxicant-induced explanations for findings in a given case, as well as the various controversies that can arise around issues of diagnosis and causal determination, are treated comprehensively in this volume.
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The International Handbook

Author: Barbara a Wilson, OBE

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 131724432X

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 3223

This outstanding new handbook offers unique coverage of all aspects of neuropsychological rehabilitation. Compiled by the world's leading clinician-researchers, and written by an exceptional team of international contributors, the book is vast in scope, including chapters on the many and varied components of neuropsychological rehabilitation across the life span within one volume. Divided into sections, the first part looks at general issues in neuropsychological rehabilitation including theories and models, assessment and goal setting. The book goes on to examine the different populations referred for neuropsychological rehabilitation and then focuses on the rehabilitation of first cognitive and then psychosocial disorders. New and emerging approaches such as brain training and social robotics are also considered, alongside an extensive section on rehabilitation around the world, particularly in under-resourced settings. The final section offers some general conclusions and an evaluation of the key issues in this important field. This is a landmark publication for neuropsychological rehabilitation. It is the standalone reference text for the field as well as essential reading for all researchers, students and practitioners in clinical neuropsychology, clinical psychology, occupational therapy, and speech and language therapy. It will also be of great value to those in related professions such as neurologists, rehabilitation physicians, rehabilitation psychologists and medics.
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Principles and Practice

Author: Douglas I Katz, MD,Ross D Zafonte, DO,Nathan D Zasler, MD, FAAPM&R, FAADEP, DAAPM

Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing

ISBN: 9781934559505

Category: Medical

Page: 176

View: 2839

A Doody's Core Title 2012 Brain Injury Medicine: Principles and Practice is a comprehensive guide to all aspects of the management issues involved in caring for the person with brain injury - from early diagnosis and evaluation through the post-acute period and rehabilitation. It is the definitive core text needed by all practitioners in this area, including physiatrists, neurologists, psychologists, nurses, and other health care professionals. Written by over 100 acknowledged leaders in the field, and containing hundreds of tables, graphs, and photographic images, the text deals with issues of neuroimaging and neurodiagnostic testing, prognosis and outcome, acute care, rehabilitative care, treatment of specific populations, neurologic problems following injury, neuromusculoskeletal problems, and general management issues. Key features include: Emphasis on a disease state management approach to patient assessment and treatment Promotion of a holistic, biopsychosocial model of patient assessment and care Review of current expert consensus on practice guidelines Exploration of epidemiologic and basic pathophysiologic aspects of brain injury Examination of clinical issues throughout the continuum of rehabilitative care Cutting edge, practical information based on the authors' extensive clinical experience that will positively impact patients and families following brain injury
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Principles and Techniques

Author: Pamela S. Klonoff

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1606238620

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 1076

This book presents hands-on tools for addressing the multiple ways that brain injury can affect psychological functioning and well-being. The author is a leader in the field who translates her extensive clinical experience into clear-cut yet flexible guidelines that therapists can adapt for different challenges and settings. With a focus on facilitating awareness, coping, competence, adjustment, and community reintegration, the book features helpful case examples and reproducible handouts and forms. It shows how to weave together individual psychotherapy, cognitive retraining, group and family work, psychoeducation, and life skills training, and how to build and maintain a collaborative therapeutic relationship.
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A Neuropsychological Perspective

Author: Kyle Brauer Boone

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1593854641

Category: Psychology

Page: 481

View: 4142

Comprehensive and user friendly, this book synthesizes the growing literature on symptom feigning in cognitive testing and translates it into evidence-based recommendations for clinical and forensic practice. A wide range of cognitive effort assessment techniques and strategies are critically reviewed, including both dedicated measures and the use of embedded indicators in standard clinical tests. The book describes approaches to distinguishing between credible and noncredible performance in specific clinical populations: persons presenting with head injury, chronic pain and fatigue, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and learning disability, mental retardation, seizures, and exposure to environmental toxins. Special topics include the potentially confounding effects of psychiatric disorder and ethnocultural factors on effort testing, and cognitive assessment in the criminal forensic setting.
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Symptom Validity Assessment and Malingering

Author: Dominic A. Carone, Ph.D.

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826109160

Category: Psychology

Page: 448

View: 8932

This authoritative volume is the first book specifically devoted to symptom validity assessment with individuals with a known or suspected history of mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). It brings together leading experts in MTBI, symptom validity assessment, and malingering to provide a thorough and practical guide to the challenging task of assessing the validity of patient presentations after an MTBI. The book describes techniques that can drastically alter case conceptualization, treatment, and equitable allocation of resources. In addition to covering the most important symptom validity assessment methods, this timely volume provides guidance to clinicians on professional and research issues, and information on symptom validity testing in varied populations. The book covers MTBI assessment in such specific settings and populations as clinical, forensic, sports, children, gerontological, and military. It also addresses professional issues such as providing feedback to patients about symptom validity, ethical issues, and diagnostic schemas. Mild Traumatic Brain Injury will provide neuropsychologists, referring health care providers, courts, disability insurance companies, the military, and athletic teams/leagues with the in-depth, current information that is critical for the accurate and ethical evaluation of MTBI. Key Features: Provides in-depth, expert coverage of one of the most critical topics for clinical neuropsychologists Includes contributions from the leading authorities on both MTBI/post-concussive syndrome and malingering/symptom validity Covers assessment in such contexts as civil forensics, sports, military/veterans, and gerontological settings
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Author: Glenn J. Larrabee

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199727605

Category: Psychology

Page: 544

View: 741

Written specifically for the clinical neuropsychologist who does forensic consultations, the book is a comprehensive review by experts of the procedures available to evaluate malingered neuropsychological deficits. It discusses tools for detecting atypical patterns of performance on standard clinical tests as well as malingering on measures of perception and sensorimotor function, of attention, processing speed, and memory, and of executive function. The underpinnings of the forensic neuropsychology enterprise are presented in chapters on definitions of malingering, research designs for its evaluation, data on the frequency with which malingering occurs, diagnostic classification statistics, symptom validity tests that do not depend on forced choice testing, and those that do. Guidance on assessing exaggerated psychiatric symptoms; exaggerated medical symptoms and injuries; and detecting malingering during the neurological exam is also included. Of particular note is a chapter devoted to the topic of coaching. The book closes with a review of the diagnostic criteria for malingering and looks to the future with evidence-based proposals for improving the criteria.
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Author: Thomas D. Marcotte,Igor Grant

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1606234609

Category: Psychology

Page: 477

View: 8161

While neuropsychological testing can accurately detect cognitive deficits in persons with brain injury, the ability to reliably predict how these individuals will function in everyday life has remained elusive. This authoritative volume brings together well-known experts to present recent advances in the neuropsychological assessment of key real-world capacities: the ability to live independently, work, manage medications, and drive a car. For each of these domains, contributors describe cutting-edge tests, procedures, and interpretive strategies and examine salient theoretical and methodological issues. Chapters also review approaches for evaluating specific populations, including older adults and patients with traumatic brain injury, depression, dementia, schizophrenia, and other neurological and psychiatric disorders.
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Improving the Science, Changing the Culture

Author: National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Sports-Related Concussions in Youth

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309288037

Category: Medical

Page: 356

View: 9830

In the past decade, few subjects at the intersection of medicine and sports have generated as much public interest as sports-related concussions - especially among youth. Despite growing awareness of sports-related concussions and campaigns to educate athletes, coaches, physicians, and parents of young athletes about concussion recognition and management, confusion and controversy persist in many areas. Currently, diagnosis is based primarily on the symptoms reported by the individual rather than on objective diagnostic markers, and there is little empirical evidence for the optimal degree and duration of physical rest needed to promote recovery or the best timing and approach for returning to full physical activity. Sports-Related Concussions in Youth: Improving the Science, Changing the Culture reviews the science of sports-related concussions in youth from elementary school through young adulthood, as well as in military personnel and their dependents. This report recommends actions that can be taken by a range of audiences - including research funding agencies, legislatures, state and school superintendents and athletic directors, military organizations, and equipment manufacturers, as well as youth who participate in sports and their parents - to improve what is known about concussions and to reduce their occurrence. Sports-Related Concussions in Youth finds that while some studies provide useful information, much remains unknown about the extent of concussions in youth; how to diagnose, manage, and prevent concussions; and the short- and long-term consequences of concussions as well as repetitive head impacts that do not result in concussion symptoms. The culture of sports negatively influences athletes' self-reporting of concussion symptoms and their adherence to return-to-play guidance. Athletes, their teammates, and, in some cases, coaches and parents may not fully appreciate the health threats posed by concussions. Similarly, military recruits are immersed in a culture that includes devotion to duty and service before self, and the critical nature of concussions may often go unheeded. According to Sports-Related Concussions in Youth, if the youth sports community can adopt the belief that concussions are serious injuries and emphasize care for players with concussions until they are fully recovered, then the culture in which these athletes perform and compete will become much safer. Improving understanding of the extent, causes, effects, and prevention of sports-related concussions is vitally important for the health and well-being of youth athletes. The findings and recommendations in this report set a direction for research to reach this goal.
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Clinical Research and Practice

Author: Paul J. Eslinger

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781593851637

Category: Psychology

Page: 360

View: 6477

This volume brings together leading clinical investigators to describe effective interventions for a wide range of neuropsychological impairments. Coverage includes cognitive impairments/m-/problems with attention, learning and memory, visuoperception, language, apraxia, and executive functions/m-/as well as neurologically based social and emotional difficulties. Presented is a framework for developing, delivering, and evaluating services that target these specific areas of functioning while promoting the individual's overall adaptation and recovery. Chapters also address the importance of multidimensional assessment, provide best practice guidelines for clinical research, and discuss the role of pharmacotherapy in cognitive rehabilitation.
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Author: Peter Arnett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199838615

Category: Medical

Page: 427

View: 1432

This exciting new, evidence-based book provides clinicians with a single source for considering the impact of secondary factors on cognitive dysfunction in neurological patients. The influence on testing of depression, anxiety, fatigue, pain, diagnosis threat, and symptom invalidity are all considered in the context of particular neurological disorders.
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