A Guide to the Sociology of Crime and Rule-Breaking

Author: David Downes,Paul Rock,Eugene McLaughlin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198747349

Category:

Page: 424

View: 6684

In Understanding Deviance, Seventh Edition, leading experts David Downes, Paul Rock, and Eugene McLaughlin examine the major sociological theories behind crime and deviance, covering their development, recent research, and varying perspectives on their explanations of criminality. The authors discuss key debates in depth, challenging students to question assumptions and explore new avenues of scholarship. An extensive bibliography provides references to a wide range of both classic and lesser-known texts.
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A Guide to the Sociology of Crime and Rule-breaking

Author: David M. Downes,Paul Rock

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199569835

Category: Social Science

Page: 409

View: 2064

'Understanding Deviance' provides an indispensable guide to the major themes and theories which have come to form the sociology of crime and deviance, from their origins in the research of the University of Chicago sociology department in the 1920s to the most recent work in cultural criminology.
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A Guide to the Sociology of Crime and Rule-breaking

Author: David M. Downes,Paul Elliott Rock

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199278288

Category: Law

Page: 374

View: 8926

Downes and Rock's popular textbook, Understanding Deviance provides the reader with an indispensable guide to criminological theory. It sympathetically outlines the principal theories of crime and rule-breaking, discussing them chronologically, and placing them in their European and NorthAmerican contexts, confronting major criticisms that have been voiced against them, and constructing defences where appropriate. The book has been thoroughly revised and brought up to date to include new issues of crime, deviance and theory in the early twenty-first century, and includes summaries of cultural criminology and the work of Laub and Sampson, and Gottfredson and Hirschi, on control theory.
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Author: David M. Downes,Paul Rock,Chris McCormick

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195425673

Category: Law

Page: 461

View: 8702

Understanding Deviance is an essential guide to criminological theory framed in a Canadian context. Prominent theorists such as Durkheim, Merton, and Thrasher are used to highlight the roots of the discipline, while the likes of Cicourel, Matza and Garland show how early approaches can be revised for the present-day. Some of the topics covered include juvenile deviance, street crime, aboriginal poverty, global capitalism, environmental crime, and living in a risk society. To ensure a balanced perspective, the major sociological theories of deviance are coupled with any important criticisms that have been voiced against them. Critical thinking questions and other pedagogical features showcase interesting issues that reflect the complex character of deviance in the modern world and act as a springboard for student exploration. This text offers students and instructors alike an excellent resource for studying deviance from a fresh new standpoint.
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A Primer on Crime, Deviance and Social Harm

Author: Rowland Atkinson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317907221

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 758

Written in a unique format, Shades of Deviance is a turbo-driven guide to crime and deviance, offering 56 politically engaged, thought-provoking and accessibly written accounts of a wide range of socially and legally prohibited acts. This book will be essential reading for undergraduate students in the fields of criminology and sociology and those preparing to embark on degree courses in these fields, as well as general readers. Written by field-leading experts from across the globe and designed for those who want a clear and exciting introduction to the complex areas of crime and deviance, this book provides a large number of short overviews of a wide range of social problems, harms and criminal acts. Offering a series of cutting-edge and critical treatments of issues such as war and murder, paedophilia, ecocide, human experimentation, stalking and sexting, this book also gives a guide to further readings and suggestions for other media to develop the reader’s understanding of these issues. Shades of Deviance requires readers to critically reconsider their ideas about what is right and wrong, about what is socially harmful and which problems we should focus our attention on. It also provides careful analysis and reasoned explanation of complex issues in a world in which sensationalist headlines, anxiety and fear about crime permeate our lives - read it to be prepared!
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A Feminist Critique

Author: Carol Smart

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780203079676

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 3129

First published in 1977, Women, Crime and Criminology presents a feminist critique of classical and contemporary theories of female criminality. It addresses the issue that criminology literature has, throughout history, been predominantly male-oriented, always treating female criminality as marginal to the 'proper' study of crime in society. Carol Smart explores a new direction in criminology, and the sociology of deviance, by investigating female crime from a committed feminist position. Examining the types of offences committed by female offenders, Smart points to the fallacies inherent in a reliance on official statistics and shows the deficiencies of the popular argument that female emancipation has caused an increase in female crime rates. She deals with studies of prostitution and rape and considers the treatment of women - as offenders and victims - by the criminal law, the police and courts, and the penal system. Particular attention is given to the question of lenient treatment for female offenders with the conclusion that women and girls are, in some important instances, actually discriminated against in our legal and penal systems. The relationship between female criminality and mental illness is discussed and the author concludes by dealing with some of the problems inherent in developing a feminist criminology.
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A Guide to Data Analysis

Author: John Martyn Chamberlain

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446291138

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 899

Criminological research lies at the heart of criminological theory, influences social policy development, as well as informs criminal justice practice. The ability to collect, analyse and present empirical data is a core skill every student of criminology must learn. Written as an engaging step-by-step guide and illustrated by detailed case studies, this book guides the reader in how to analyse criminological data. Key features of the book include: o Guidance on how to identify a research topic, designing a research study, accounting for the role of the researcher and writing up and presenting research findings. o A thorough account of the development of qualitative and quantitative research methodologies and data analysis within the field of criminology. o Relevant and up-to-date case studies, drawn from internationally published criminological research sources. o Clear and accessible chapter content supported by helpful introductions, concise summaries, self-study questions and suggestions for further reading. Understanding Criminological Research: A Guide to Data Analysis in invaluable reading for both undergraduate and postgraduate students in criminology and criminal justice.
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Author: Stephen Jones

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199651841

Category: Law

Page: 457

View: 3546

The fifth edition of Criminology offers updated coverage of the main criminological theories. An engaging read for students of criminology, it traces the history and development of these key theories, and provides full references to guide the reader in their further criminological studies.
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Social Constructions and Blurred Boundaries

Author: Leon Anderson

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520292375

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 6262

"This sociology of deviance textbook draws on up-to-date scholarship across a spectrum of deviance categories, providing a symbolic interactionist analysis of the deviance process. The book addresses positivistic theories of deviant behavior within a more encompassing description of the deviance process that includes the work of deviance claims-makers, rule-breakers, and social control agents. Cross-cultural and historical treatment of deviance categories provides background for understanding current conceptions of, and responses to, deviance. The book is divided into four parts. Section One introduces students to the sociology of deviance. A sociological approach to deviance is contrasted with popular views of deviants as demonic, mentally ill, and culturally exotic. Sociological methods for studying deviance are described, with particular emphasis on deviance ethnography. Classic positivistic theories of deviant behavior are presented with critique and discussion of revised formulations of the theories. The symbolic interactionist/constructionist approach is presented as a recursive set of processes involving deviance claims-making by moral entrepreneurs, rule-breaking, actions of social control, and stigma management and resistance by those labelled as deviant. Section Two focuses on high consensus criminal deviance, with chapters on murder, rape, street-level property crime, and white collar crime. Chapters in Section Three addresses various forms of lifestyle deviance, including alcohol abuse, drug abuse, and sex work. Section Four examines three categories of status deviance: mental illness, obesity and eating disorders, and LGBTQ identities."--Provided by publisher.
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A New Perspective

Author: Steve Hall

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1848606729

Category: Social Science

Page: 294

View: 8466

This sophisticated, original book investigates the motivations behind crime and deviance. Steve Hall uses cutting-edge philosophy and social theory to analyze empirical work on patterns of crime and illuminate contemporary criminological issues. He provides a fresh, relevant critique of the philosophical and political underpinnings of criminological theory and the theoretical canon’s development during the twentieth century. Presenting harm as a universal means of understanding crime and deviance, Theorizing Crime and Deviance draws on dialectics, transcendental materialism and psychosocial history to construct an alternative perspective for criminological thought in the twenty-first century.
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Author: Ugwudike, Pamela

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447309618

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 5894

Critical criminological theories and perspectives are typically major components of Criminology degree courses. An Introduction to Critical Criminology is the first accessible text on these topics for students of criminology, sociology and social policy. Written by an experienced lecturer who specialises in the topic, it offers an in-depth but accessible introduction to foundational and contemporary theories and perspectives in critical criminology. In doing so, it introduces students to theories and perspectives that challenge mainstream criminological theories about the causes of crime, and the operation of the criminal justice system. With the inclusion of boxed examples, key points and sample essay questions An Introduction to Critical Criminology is ideal for students of Criminology because it explores in detail a vast array of critical criminological theories and perspectives.
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Statuses, Institutions, and Interactions

Author: J. William Spencer

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199973571

Category: Social Science

Page: 511

View: 2377

While most readers are more about deviance than sociology, this reader brings sociology front and center by studying deviance and social control in their social contexts. When we do this, sociologists go about using what we know, for example, about race or gender or the family or mass media or social movements to study and understand deviance and control. The reader is divided into six parts: 1) theory, 2) social control, 3) statuses and identities, 4) institutions, 5) social movements, and 6) subcultures. Readings range from classics to contemporary pieces, from macro-level studies to studies of face-to-face encounters. A wide range of theoretical traditions are represented - from functionalist and critical to post-modern and interactionist. Introductions help students see all of these connections: what it means to study deviance and control in a social context; to appreciate research questions at different levels of analysis; to understand how a positivist orientation is different from a subjectivist orientation. An Instructor's Manual and Test Bank authored by Dr. Thomas Ratliff (Arkansas State University) are available to qualified instructors via the Ancillary Resource Center (ARC) at www.oup-arc.com.
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Beyond the Straight and Narrow

Author: Lorne Tepperman,Alex Tepperman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780195447439

Category: Criminology

Page: 443

View: 3170

With thorough coverage of historical developments, major theories, and contemporary concerns, Deviance, Crime, and Control uses a broad theoretical approach to explore the main theories of deviance, conformity, and social control and the specific types of behaviours that are considered deviant, focusing on appearance, sexuality, mental illness, substance abuse, adolescent risk-taking, street crime, terrorism, corporate theft, and religious and political fanaticism.
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Author: Clifton D. Bryant,Dennis L. Peck

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412916089

Category: Social Science

Page: 1344

View: 1650

21st Century Sociology: A Reference Handbook provides a concise forum through which the vast array of knowledge accumulated, particularly during the past three decades, can be organized into a single definitive resource. The two volumes of this Reference Handbook focus on the corpus of knowledge garnered in traditional areas of sociological inquiry, as well as document the general orientation of the newer and currently emerging areas of sociological inquiry.
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Author: Eugene McLaughlin,Tim Newburn

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1412920388

Category: Social Science

Page: 532

View: 2688

An indispensable international resource, The SAGE Handbook of Criminological Theory provides readers with a clear overview of criminological theory, enabling them to reflect critically upon the traditional, emergent and desirable theoretical positions of the discipline.This handbook is essential for libraries and scholars of all levels studying the rapidly developing, interdisciplinary field of criminology.
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Author: Howard S. Becker

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 143913636X

Category: Psychology

Page: 224

View: 3925

One of the most groundbreaking sociology texts of the mid-20th century, Howard S. Becker’s Outsiders is a thorough exploration of social deviance and how it can be addressed in an understanding and helpful manner. A compulsively readable and thoroughly researched exploration of social deviance and the application of what is known as "labeling theory" to the studies of deviance. With particular research into drug culture, Outsiders analyzes unconventional individuals and their place in normal society.
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Author: Rob White,Fiona Haines

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195551563

Category: Social Science

Page: 229

View: 7809

Crime and Criminology, Fourth Edition, analyzes the causes of crime, while exploring the major theories and perspectives that attempt to explain criminal behavior in society. The fourth edition of this popular book provides an accessible and engaging introduction to all the major theories and approaches to crime, including classic theory, biological and psychological positivism, strain theory, labelling, Marxism, feminism, left realism, republicanism, and critical theory. NEW TO THIS EDITION * New real-life, contemporary case studies, with a particular focus on the role of media representations and other important concepts * New "Then and Now" boxes analyzing the evolution of criminological theories * Revised and updated chapters
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Documents Relating to the Case of Roderick Macrae (Man Booker Prize Finalist 2016)

Author: Graeme MaCrae Burnet

Publisher: Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.

ISBN: 1510719229

Category: Fiction

Page: 300

View: 8346

Man Booker Prize Finalist, LA Times Book Prize Finalist, New York Times Editor’s Choice, and an American Booksellers Association National Indie Bestseller! Named a Best Book of 2016 by Newsweek, NPR, The Guardian, The Telegraph, and The Sunday Times! In the smash hit historical thriller that the New York Times Book Review calls “thought provoking fiction,” a brutal triple murder in a remote Scottish farming community in 1869 leads to the arrest of seventeen-year-old Roderick Macrae. There is no question that Macrae committed this terrible act. What would lead such a shy and intelligent boy down this bloody path? And will he hang for his crime? Presented as a collection of documents discovered by the author, His Bloody Project opens with a series of police statements taken from the villagers of Culdie, Ross-shire. They offer conflicting impressions of the accused; one interviewee recalls Macrae as a gentle and quiet child, while another details him as evil and wicked. Chief among the papers is Roderick Macrae’s own memoirs where he outlines the series of events leading up to the murder in eloquent and affectless prose. There follow medical reports, psychological evaluations, a courtroom transcript from the trial, and other documents that throw both Macrae’s motive and his sanity into question. Graeme Macrae Burnet’s multilayered narrative—centered around an unreliable narrator—will keep the reader guessing to the very end. His Bloody Project is a deeply imagined crime novel that is both thrilling and luridly entertaining from an exceptional new voice.
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Author: Stuart H. Traub,Craig B. Little

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780875814193

Category: Social Science

Page: 748

View: 4864

THEORIES OF DEVIANCE exposes students to theoretical foundation statements from diverse sociological perspectives. It provides the key passages about deviance that should be read in the original and offers students a varied theoretical background for the study of deviance. As they examine seminal contributions, students will develop heightened critical insight and appreciation for the complexities of theory construction. The selections represent the mainstream approaches in the sociology of deviance, as well as more recent approaches.
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How Our Unconscious Minds Elect Presidents, Control Markets, Wage Wars, and Save Our Lives

Author: Shankar Vedantam

Publisher: Spiegel & Grau

ISBN: 9781588369390

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 426

The hidden brain is the voice in our ear when we make the most important decisions in our lives—but we’re never aware of it. The hidden brain decides whom we fall in love with and whom we hate. It tells us to vote for the white candidate and convict the dark-skinned defendant, to hire the thin woman but pay her less than the man doing the same job. It can direct us to safety when disaster strikes and move us to extraordinary acts of altruism. But it can also be manipulated to turn an ordinary person into a suicide terrorist or a group of bystanders into a mob. In a series of compulsively readable narratives, Shankar Vedantam journeys through the latest discoveries in neuroscience, psychology, and behavioral science to uncover the darkest corner of our minds and its decisive impact on the choices we make as individuals and as a society. Filled with fascinating characters, dramatic storytelling, and cutting-edge science, this is an engrossing exploration of the secrets our brains keep from us—and how they are revealed.
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