A Guide to the Sociology of Crime and Rule-Breaking

Author: David Downes,Paul Rock,Eugene McLaughlin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198747349

Category:

Page: 424

View: 3663

In Understanding Deviance, Seventh Edition, leading experts David Downes, Paul Rock, and Eugene McLaughlin examine the major sociological theories behind crime and deviance, covering their development, recent research, and varying perspectives on their explanations of criminality. The authors discuss key debates in depth, challenging students to question assumptions and explore new avenues of scholarship. An extensive bibliography provides references to a wide range of both classic and lesser-known texts.
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A Guide to the Sociology of Crime and Rule-breaking

Author: David M. Downes,Paul Rock

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199569835

Category: Social Science

Page: 409

View: 9901

'Understanding Deviance' provides an indispensable guide to the major themes and theories which have come to form the sociology of crime and deviance, from their origins in the research of the University of Chicago sociology department in the 1920s to the most recent work in cultural criminology.
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A Guide to the Sociology of Crime and Rule-breaking

Author: David M. Downes,Paul Elliott Rock

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199278282

Category: Law

Page: 374

View: 571

Downes and Rock's popular textbook, Understanding Deviance provides the reader with an indispensable guide to criminological theory. It sympathetically outlines the principal theories of crime and rule-breaking, discussing them chronologically, and placing them in their European and NorthAmerican contexts, confronting major criticisms that have been voiced against them, and constructing defences where appropriate. The book has been thoroughly revised and brought up to date to include new issues of crime, deviance and theory in the early twenty-first century, and includes summaries of cultural criminology and the work of Laub and Sampson, and Gottfredson and Hirschi, on control theory.
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Author: David M. Downes,Paul Rock,Chris McCormick

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195425673

Category: Law

Page: 461

View: 988

Understanding Deviance is an essential guide to criminological theory framed in a Canadian context. Prominent theorists such as Durkheim, Merton, and Thrasher are used to highlight the roots of the discipline, while the likes of Cicourel, Matza and Garland show how early approaches can be revised for the present-day. Some of the topics covered include juvenile deviance, street crime, aboriginal poverty, global capitalism, environmental crime, and living in a risk society. To ensure a balanced perspective, the major sociological theories of deviance are coupled with any important criticisms that have been voiced against them. Critical thinking questions and other pedagogical features showcase interesting issues that reflect the complex character of deviance in the modern world and act as a springboard for student exploration. This text offers students and instructors alike an excellent resource for studying deviance from a fresh new standpoint.
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A Primer on Crime, Deviance and Social Harm

Author: Rowland Atkinson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317907221

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 3730

Written in a unique format, Shades of Deviance is a turbo-driven guide to crime and deviance, offering 56 politically engaged, thought-provoking and accessibly written accounts of a wide range of socially and legally prohibited acts. This book will be essential reading for undergraduate students in the fields of criminology and sociology and those preparing to embark on degree courses in these fields, as well as general readers. Written by field-leading experts from across the globe and designed for those who want a clear and exciting introduction to the complex areas of crime and deviance, this book provides a large number of short overviews of a wide range of social problems, harms and criminal acts. Offering a series of cutting-edge and critical treatments of issues such as war and murder, paedophilia, ecocide, human experimentation, stalking and sexting, this book also gives a guide to further readings and suggestions for other media to develop the reader’s understanding of these issues. Shades of Deviance requires readers to critically reconsider their ideas about what is right and wrong, about what is socially harmful and which problems we should focus our attention on. It also provides careful analysis and reasoned explanation of complex issues in a world in which sensationalist headlines, anxiety and fear about crime permeate our lives - read it to be prepared!
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Author: Stuart Henry

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745643035

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 8980

This engaging introduction explores the meaning of social deviance in contemporary society, from criminal activity to alternative lifestyle choices. Stuart Henry traces the path by which we create deviance: how we single out behavior and appearances that differ from the ‘norm’, label them as offensive or unacceptable, and condemn them. It explains what kinds of behaviors are banned and who bans them, as well as exposing the important political influences on the social codes that lead to some people’s behavior being sanctioned and others’ being celebrated. Ultimately Social Deviance reveals the underlying process by which some people get sucked into deviant lifestyles from which there appears to be no escape, highlighting the central role of social stigma on a person’s identity. At its core this book looks at who becomes deviant and why. It delves into the multiple motives that cause rule breakers to behave badly, at least in the eyes of those they offend, and it reveals the way deviants think about their actions, their moral identity and their fellow moral outcasts.
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Author: Katherine S. Williams

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199592705

Category: Social Science

Page: 660

View: 8082

This text offers an engaging and wide-ranging account of crime and criminology. It provides a clear and comprehensive consideration of the theoretical, practical, and political aspects of the subject, including the influence of physical, biological, psychological, and social factors on criminality.
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An Anthology

Author: Richard A. Tewksbury,Patricia Gagné

Publisher: Roxbury Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781891487279

Category: Social Science

Page: 351

View: 7985

Offers an alternative approach to teaching deviance. This collection of articles features empirical pieces selected on the basis of their descriptions of deviant behavior - both from top journals and from sources outside the mainstream.
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A Feminist Critique

Author: Carol Smart

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780203079676

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 8447

First published in 1977, Women, Crime and Criminology presents a feminist critique of classical and contemporary theories of female criminality. It addresses the issue that criminology literature has, throughout history, been predominantly male-oriented, always treating female criminality as marginal to the 'proper' study of crime in society. Carol Smart explores a new direction in criminology, and the sociology of deviance, by investigating female crime from a committed feminist position. Examining the types of offences committed by female offenders, Smart points to the fallacies inherent in a reliance on official statistics and shows the deficiencies of the popular argument that female emancipation has caused an increase in female crime rates. She deals with studies of prostitution and rape and considers the treatment of women - as offenders and victims - by the criminal law, the police and courts, and the penal system. Particular attention is given to the question of lenient treatment for female offenders with the conclusion that women and girls are, in some important instances, actually discriminated against in our legal and penal systems. The relationship between female criminality and mental illness is discussed and the author concludes by dealing with some of the problems inherent in developing a feminist criminology.
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How the War on Crime Transformed American Democracy and Created a Culture of Fear

Author: Jonathan Simon

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195181085

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 6727

Across America today gated communities sprawl out from urban centers, employers enforce mandatory drug testing, and schools screen students with metal detectors. Social problems ranging from welfare dependency to educational inequality have been reconceptualized as crimes, with an attendant focus on assigning fault and imposing consequences. Even before the recent terrorist attacks, non-citizen residents had become subject to an increasingly harsh regime of detention and deportation, and prospective employees subjected to background checks. How and when did our everyday world become dominated by fear, every citizen treated as a potential criminal?In this startlingly original work, Jonathan Simon traces this pattern back to the collapse of the New Deal approach to governing during the 1960s when declining confidence in expert-guided government policies sent political leaders searching for new models of governance. The War on Crime offered a ready solution to their problem: politicians set agendas by drawing analogies to crime and redefined the ideal citizen as a crime victim, one whose vulnerabilities opened the door to overweening government intervention. By the 1980s, this transformation of the core powers of government had spilled over into the institutions that govern daily life. Soon our schools, our families, our workplaces, and our residential communities were being governed through crime.This powerful work concludes with a call for passive citizens to become engaged partners in the management of risk and the treatment of social ills. Only by coming together to produce security, can we free ourselves from a logic of domination by others, and from the fear that currently rules our everyday life.
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A Guide to Data Analysis

Author: John Martyn Chamberlain

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446291138

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 1811

Criminological research lies at the heart of criminological theory, influences social policy development, as well as informs criminal justice practice. The ability to collect, analyse and present empirical data is a core skill every student of criminology must learn. Written as an engaging step-by-step guide and illustrated by detailed case studies, this book guides the reader in how to analyse criminological data. Key features of the book include: o Guidance on how to identify a research topic, designing a research study, accounting for the role of the researcher and writing up and presenting research findings. o A thorough account of the development of qualitative and quantitative research methodologies and data analysis within the field of criminology. o Relevant and up-to-date case studies, drawn from internationally published criminological research sources. o Clear and accessible chapter content supported by helpful introductions, concise summaries, self-study questions and suggestions for further reading. Understanding Criminological Research: A Guide to Data Analysis in invaluable reading for both undergraduate and postgraduate students in criminology and criminal justice.
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Beyond the Straight and Narrow

Author: Lorne Tepperman,Alex Tepperman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780195447439

Category: Criminology

Page: 443

View: 5766

With thorough coverage of historical developments, major theories, and contemporary concerns, Deviance, Crime, and Control uses a broad theoretical approach to explore the main theories of deviance, conformity, and social control and the specific types of behaviours that are considered deviant, focusing on appearance, sexuality, mental illness, substance abuse, adolescent risk-taking, street crime, terrorism, corporate theft, and religious and political fanaticism.
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Author: Pamela Ugwudike

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447309405

Category: Social Science

Page: 316

View: 5803

An Introduction to Critical Criminology offers an accessible introduction to foundational and contemporary theories and perspectives in critical criminology which introduces students to theories and perspectives about the causes of crime, and the operation of the criminal justice system.
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Author: Rob White,Fiona Haines

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195551563

Category: Social Science

Page: 229

View: 3122

Crime and Criminology, Fourth Edition, analyzes the causes of crime, while exploring the major theories and perspectives that attempt to explain criminal behavior in society. The fourth edition of this popular book provides an accessible and engaging introduction to all the major theories and approaches to crime, including classic theory, biological and psychological positivism, strain theory, labelling, Marxism, feminism, left realism, republicanism, and critical theory. NEW TO THIS EDITION * New real-life, contemporary case studies, with a particular focus on the role of media representations and other important concepts * New "Then and Now" boxes analyzing the evolution of criminological theories * Revised and updated chapters
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Social Constructions and Blurred Boundaries

Author: Leon Anderson

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520292375

Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 5119

"This sociology of deviance textbook draws on up-to-date scholarship across a spectrum of deviance categories, providing a symbolic interactionist analysis of the deviance process. The book addresses positivistic theories of deviant behavior within a more encompassing description of the deviance process that includes the work of deviance claims-makers, rule-breakers, and social control agents. Cross-cultural and historical treatment of deviance categories provides background for understanding current conceptions of, and responses to, deviance. The book is divided into four parts. Section One introduces students to the sociology of deviance. A sociological approach to deviance is contrasted with popular views of deviants as demonic, mentally ill, and culturally exotic. Sociological methods for studying deviance are described, with particular emphasis on deviance ethnography. Classic positivistic theories of deviant behavior are presented with critique and discussion of revised formulations of the theories. The symbolic interactionist/constructionist approach is presented as a recursive set of processes involving deviance claims-making by moral entrepreneurs, rule-breaking, actions of social control, and stigma management and resistance by those labelled as deviant. Section Two focuses on high consensus criminal deviance, with chapters on murder, rape, street-level property crime, and white collar crime. Chapters in Section Three addresses various forms of lifestyle deviance, including alcohol abuse, drug abuse, and sex work. Section Four examines three categories of status deviance: mental illness, obesity and eating disorders, and LGBTQ identities."--Provided by publisher.
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Statuses, Institutions, and Interactions

Author: J. William Spencer

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199973571

Category: Social Science

Page: 511

View: 596

While most readers are more about deviance than sociology, this reader brings sociology front and center by studying deviance and social control in their social contexts. When we do this, sociologists go about using what we know, for example, about race or gender or the family or mass media or social movements to study and understand deviance and control. The reader is divided into six parts: 1) theory, 2) social control, 3) statuses and identities, 4) institutions, 5) social movements, and 6) subcultures. Readings range from classics to contemporary pieces, from macro-level studies to studies of face-to-face encounters. A wide range of theoretical traditions are represented - from functionalist and critical to post-modern and interactionist. Introductions help students see all of these connections: what it means to study deviance and control in a social context; to appreciate research questions at different levels of analysis; to understand how a positivist orientation is different from a subjectivist orientation. An Instructor's Manual and Test Bank authored by Dr. Thomas Ratliff (Arkansas State University) are available to qualified instructors via the Ancillary Resource Center (ARC) at www.oup-arc.com.
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How Tight and Loose Cultures Wire Our World

Author: Michele Gelfand

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1501152955

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 6940

In Rule Makers, Rule Breakers celebrated cultural psychologist Michele Gelfand takes us on an epic journey through human cultures, offering a startling new view of the world and ourselves. With a mix of brilliantly conceived studies and surprising on-the-ground discoveries, she shows that much of the diversity in the way we think and act derives from a key difference—how tightly or loosely we adhere to social norms. Why are clocks in Germany so accurate while those in Brazil are frequently wrong? Why do New Zealand’s women have the highest number of sexual partners? Why are “Red” and “Blue” States really so divided? Why was the Daimler-Chrysler merger ill-fated from the start? Why is the driver of a Jaguar more likely to run a red light than the driver of a plumber’s van? Why does one spouse prize running a “tight ship” while the other refuses to “sweat the small stuff?” In search of a common answer, Gelfand has spent two decades conducting research in more than fifty countries. Across all age groups, family variations, social classes, businesses, states and nationalities, she’s identified a primal pattern that can trigger cooperation or conflict. Her fascinating conclusion: behavior is highly influenced by the perception of threat. With an approach that is consistently riveting, Rule Makers, Rule Breakers thrusts many of the puzzling attitudes and actions we observe into sudden and surprising clarity.
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Connecting Classical and Contemporary Perspectives

Author: Tammy L. Anderson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134756305

Category: Social Science

Page: 578

View: 5885

In this collection of 48 reprinted and completely original articles, Tammy Anderson gives her fellow instructors of undergraduate deviance a refreshing way to energize and revitalize their courses. [36 are reprints; 12 are original to this text/anthology] First, in 12 separate sections, she presents a wide range of deviant behaviors, traits, and conditions including: underage drinking and drunk driving, doping in elite sports, gang behavior, community crime, juvenile delinquency, hate crime, prison violence and transgendered prisoners, mental illness, drug-using women and domestic violence, obesity, tattooing, sexual fetishes, prostitution, drug epidemics, viral pandemics, crime control strategies and racial inequality, gay neighborhoods, HIV and bugchasers, and (lastly) youth, multicultural identity and music scenes. Second, her pairing of "classic" and "contemporary" viewpoints about deviance and social control not only "connects" important literatures of the past to today’s (student) readers, her "connections framework" also helps all of us see social life and social processes more clearly when alternative meanings are accorded to similar forms of deviant behavior. We also learn how to appreciate and interact with those who see things differently from ourselves. This may better equip us to reach common goals in an increasingly diverse and ever-changing world. Third, a major teaching goal of Anderson’s anthology is to sharpen students’ critical thinking skills by forcing them to look at how a deviant behavior, trait or condition, can be viewed from opposing or alternative perspectives. By learning to see deviance from multiple perspectives, students will better understand their own and other’s behavior and experiences and be able to anticipate future trends. Balancing multiple perspectives may also assist students in their practical work in social service, criminal justice and other agencies and institutions that deal with populations considered "deviant" in one way or another.
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