the military, war, and gender in twentieth-century Germany
Author: Karen Hagemann,Stefanie Schüler-Springorum
Publisher: Berg Publishers
We are all acutely aware of the devastation and upheaval that result from war. Less obvious is the extent to which the military and war impact on the gender order. This book is the first to explore the intersections of the military, war and gender in twentieth-century Germany from a variety of different perspectives. Its authors investigate the relevance of the military and war for the formation of gender relations and their representation as well as for the construction of individual and social agency for both genders in civil society and the military. They inquire about the origins and development of gendered images as they were shaped by war. They expound on the multifarious mechanisms that served to reconstruct or newly form gender relations in the postwar periods. They analyze the participation of women and men in the creation of wars as well as the gender-specific meaning of their respective roles. Finally, they investigate the different ways of remembering and coming to terms with the two great military conflicts of the very violent twentieth century. The book focuses on the period before, during and after the two World Wars, closely linked ls"total warsrs" that mobilized both the ls"frontrs" and the ls"home-frontrs" and increasingly blurred the boundaries between them. Drawing on sources ranging from forces newspapers to German pilot literature, police reports on womenrs"s food riots to oral history interviews with soldiersrs" wives, the richly documented case studies of Home/Front add the long-overdue gender dimension to the cultural and historical debates that surround these two great military conflicts.
Author: Laura Sjoberg,Sandra Via
Category: Political Science
This compelling, interdisciplinary compilation of essays documents the extensive, intersubjective relationships between gender, war, and militarism in 21st-century global politics. * 17 essays by top feminist scholars from across disciplines * An introduction and conclusion explaining the book's theoretical framework and key insights * Tables and charts * A bibliography
War and Gender in Modern British and American Literature
Author: K. Phillips
Category: Literary Criticism
In this study, Kathy Janette Phillips uses literature from World War I, World War II, the Vietnam War and the Iraq wars to argue that labelling broadly human traits 'feminine' helps societies manipulate men to war. Phillips also shows that damning pleasure fuels wars by encouraging the displacement of sexuality into violence.
War and Gender in Colonial New England
Author: Ann M. Little
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
In 1678, the Puritan minister Samuel Nowell preached a sermon he called "Abraham in Arms," in which he urged his listeners to remember that "Hence it is no wayes unbecoming a Christian to learn to be a Souldier." The title of Nowell's sermon was well chosen. Abraham of the Old Testament resonated deeply with New England men, as he embodied the ideal of the householder-patriarch, at once obedient to God and the unquestioned leader of his family and his people in war and peace. Yet enemies challenged Abraham's authority in New England: Indians threatened the safety of his household, subordinates in his own family threatened his status, and wives and daughters taken into captivity became baptized Catholics, married French or Indian men, and refused to return to New England. In a bold reinterpretation of the years between 1620 and 1763, Ann M. Little reveals how ideas about gender and family life were central to the ways people in colonial New England, and their neighbors in New France and Indian Country, described their experiences in cross-cultural warfare. Little argues that English, French, and Indian people had broadly similar ideas about gender and authority. Because they understood both warfare and political power to be intertwined expressions of manhood, colonial warfare may be understood as a contest of different styles of masculinity. For New England men, what had once been a masculinity based on household headship, Christian piety, and the duty to protect family and faith became one built around the more abstract notions of British nationalism, anti-Catholicism, and soldiering for the Empire. Based on archival research in both French and English sources, court records, captivity narratives, and the private correspondence of ministers and war officials, Abraham in Arms reconstructs colonial New England as a frontier borderland in which religious, cultural, linguistic, and geographic boundaries were permeable, fragile, and contested by Europeans and Indians alike.
Author: Laura Sjoberg
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Social Science
From Pakistan to Chechnya, Sri Lanka to Canada, pioneering women are taking their places in formal and informal military structures previously reserved for, and assumed appropriate only for men. Women have fought in wars, either as women or covertly dressed as men, throughout the history of warfare, but only recently have they been allowed to join state militaries, insurgent groups, and terrorist organizations in unprecedented numbers. This begs the question - how useful are traditional gendered categories in understanding the dynamics of war and conflict? And why are our stories of gender roles in war typically so narrow? Who benefits from them? In this illuminating book, Laura Sjoberg explores how gender matters in war-making and war-fighting today. Drawing on a rich range of examples from conflicts around the world, she shows that both women and men play many more diverse roles in wars than either media or scholarly accounts convey. Gender, she argues, can be found at every turn in the practice of war; it is crucial to understanding not only ‘what war is’, but equally how it is caused, fought and experienced. With end of chapter questions for discussion and guides to further reading, this book provides the perfect introduction for students keen to understand the multi-faceted role of gender in warfare. Gender, War and Conflict will challenge and change the way we think about war and conflict in the modern world.
Men and Women in the World's Cultures Topics and Cultures A-K - Volume 1; Cultures L-Z -
Author: Carol R. Ember,Melvin Ember
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Social Science
The central aim of this encyclopedia is to give the reader a comparative perspective on issues involving conceptions of gender, gender differences, gender roles, relationships between the genders, and sexuality. The encyclopedia is divided into two volumes: Topics and Cultures. The combination of topical overviews and varying cultural portraits is what makes this encyclopedia a unique reference work for students, researchers and teachers interested in gender studies and cross-cultural variation in sex and gender. It deserves a place in the library of every university and every social science and health department. Contents:- Glossary. Cultural Conceptions of Gender. Gender Roles, Status, and Institutions. Sexuality and Male-Female Interaction. Sex and Gender in the World's Cultures. Culture Name Index. Subject Index.
Author: Karen A. Ritzenhoff
Category: Social Science
Filmic constructions of war heroism have a profound impact on public perceptions of conflicts. Here, contributors examine the ways motifs of gender and heroism in war films are used to justify ideological positions, shape the understanding of the military conflicts, support political agendas and institutions, and influence collective memory.
Author: Jill Steans,Daniela Tepe-Belfrage
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Category: Political Science
The Handbook on Gender in World Politics is an up-to-date, comprehensive, multi-disciplinary compendium of scholarship in gender studies. The text provides an indispensable reference guide for scholars and students interrogating gender issues in international and global contexts. Substantive areas covered include: statecraft, citizenship and the politics of belonging, international law and human rights, media and communications technologies, political economy, development, global governance and transnational visions of politics and solidarities.
Author: David Ulbrich,Bobby A. Wintermute
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
This book fills a gap in the historiographical and theoretical fields of race, gender, and war. In brief, Race and Gender in Modern Western Warfare (RGMWW) offers an introduction into how cultural constructions of identity are transformed by war and how they in turn influence the nature of military institutions and conflicts. Focusing on the modern West, this project begins by introducing the contours of race and gender theories as they have evolved and how they are employed by historians, anthropologists, sociologists, and other scholars. The project then mixes chronological narrative with analysis and historiography as it takes the reader through a series of case studies, ranging from the early nineteenth century to the Global War of Terror. The purpose throughout is not merely to create a list of so-called "great moments" in race and gender, but to create a meta-landscape in which readers can learn to identify for themselves the disjunctures, flaws, and critical synergies in the traditional memory and history of a largely monochrome and male-exclusive military experience. The final chapter considers the current challenges that Western societies, particularly the United States, face in imposing social diversity and tolerance on statist military structures in a climates of sometimes vitriolic public debate. RGMWW represents our effort to blend race, gender, and military war, to problematize these intersections, and then provide some answers to those problems.
War & Gender in South Africa
Author: Jacklyn Cock
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Why, given that most people have a strong impulse for self preservation, do individuals fight wars? Jacklyn Cock believes that the answer lies in gender relations, in particular the way in which femininity and masculinity are defined, and the power of the military in society. Nothing throws the question of gender into sharper relief than does war. War does not challenge women to prove that they are women, whereas combat is seen so often as the proof of 'manliness'. In Colonels and Cadres, Jacklyn Cock explores the link between war and gender in a specific society and period - South Africa in the 1980s. She documents interviews with victims of the violence, resisters and militarists - colonels and soldiers in the South African Defence Force (SADF), and cadres in the ANC's Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK). Their fascinating and sometimes horrifying reports provide unsettling insights into the nature of war and its effects on individuals and society, revealing that, although the SADF and MK reflect all the myriad differences between a conventional and a guerrilla army, women in both armies have been the subject of similar processes of incorporation and exclusion. As provocative and well-written as her book Maids and Madams, Jacklyn Cock's Colonels and Cadres is gripping reading, both for the haunting personal accounts and the clearly articulated analysis of the issues involved.
Social Science Perspectives
Author: Jennifer Marchbank,Gayle Letherby
Publisher: Pearson Education
Category: Social Science
"Introduction to Gender "offers a broad, multidisciplinary introduction to the themes and debates within gender studies, interweaving theory with application. Comprehensive and highly topical in its scope it explores gender through the disciplines of history, sociology, social policy, anthropology, psychology, politics, pedagogy and geography. The authors also interrogate the gendered aspects of 8 issues including health and illness, work and leisure, and culture and media to provide a truly interdisciplinary insight into the role of gender in every aspect of life. Each chapter highlights the importance of studies on masculinity alongside a substantial body of feminist work, offering a genuinely integrated and cutting-edge investigation of gender studies. Main Features A logical thematic structure provides a clear exploration of each debate without losing sight of the interconnections between disciplines. The book is divided into three sections; Part I providing an introduction to the gendered approach, Part II exploring each of the 8 disciplines one-by-one and Part III offering a more complex discussion of gender within 8 topical issues including sex and sexuality, and violence and resistance. "World in Focus "and international case studies offer a broad global perspective on gender studies A broad array of in-text features and student exercises, including "Controversies, Critical Look "and "Stop and Think," allow the reader to engage in the debates and revise the material covered Hotlinks throughout the text make explicit connections between chapters, highlighting the interconnections between disciplines, and allowing the reader to follow the path of particular issues and debates between topics "Introduction to Gender" is an essential introductory textbook for Gender Studies across the disciplinary spectrum, particularly in Sociology, Women's Studies and Men's Studies, as well as more broadly across the Social Sciences and humanities. Jennifer Marchbank is Director of Explorations in Arts and Social Sciences at Simon Fraser University in Canada Gayle Letherby is Professor of Sociology in the School of Law and Social Science at the University of Plymouth Contributing Authors: Gill Valentine and Nicola Wood, Department of Geography, University of Leeds Katherine Johnson, School of Applied Social Science, University of Brighton Lorraine Nencel, Department of Social Research Methodology, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam ""This is an innovative and exciting new textbook which manages to be both scholarly and accessible, looking at gender in interesting and thought-provoking ways, across a range of disciplines and issues. Wide in scope, but also very thorough, it is suitable for those interested in gender across the social sciences and humanities"" " " Victoria Robinson, University of Sheffield ""A superb introduction to the study of gender providing a comprehensive and accessible overview of key debates from a social science perspective. For students encountering the academic analysis of gender for the first time, this text will prove an invaluable resource"" " " Rachel Alsop, University of Hull "
Complicity and Gender in the Second World War
Author: Elisabeth Krimmer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Examines women's life writing in order to shed light on female complicity in the Second World War and the Holocaust.
The Intimate and the Extimate
Author: Sanja Bahun-Radunović,V. G. Julie Rajan
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
Category: Social Science
Expanding the present discourse on gender and violence, this illuminating volume discovers new ways to address the complexities encountered in academic research on the topic. Through the introduction of a variety of uncommonly discussed geopolitical sites
Gender and the Two World Wars
Author: Margaret R. Higonnet
Publisher: Yale University Press
Essays analyze the two world wars in respect to gender politics and reassesses the differences between men and women in relation to war
Literature, Film and Gender in the Aftermath of World War II
Author: Danielle E. Hipkins,Gill Plain
Publisher: Peter Lang
This book is the outcome of a successful workshop held in Leeds in September 2003 and explores the effects of World War II on the representation of gender in post-war literature, film and popular culture, juxtaposing Western European experience with US, Soviet and Japanese. It aims to outline the different ways in which these representations evolved in post-war attempts both to re-establish social order and reconstruct national identity. It gives the reader an overview of the similarities and differences that have emerged in the representation of war and gender in different cultures and media, as a result of social expectations, political change and individual artistic innovation. The essays are linked by their concern with three key questions: how are emotion and gender represented in relation to the experience of war; what is the impact of war on the dynamic between the genders; and, as the memory of war recedes, is it possible to identify chronological shifts in the artistic response to the conflict?