Asia, the Mediterranean, Europe, and Mesoamerica

Author: Kurt A. Raaflaub,Nathan Stewart Rosenstein

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 484

View: 4747

A unique, multi-authored social history of war from the third millennium B.C.E. to the tenth century C.E. in the Mediterranean, the Near East, and Europe (Egypt, Achaemenid Persia, Greece, the Hellenistic World, the Roman Republic and Empire, the Byzantine Empire, the early Islamic World, and early Medieval Europe), with parallel studies of Mesoamerica (the Maya and Aztecs) and East Asia (ancient China, medieval Japan). The product of a colloquium at Harvard's Center for Hellenic Studies, this volume offers a broadly based, comparative examination of war and military organization in their complex interactions with social, economic, and political structures as well as cultural practices.
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Author: Joseph Roisman

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 900421755X

Category: History

Page: 436

View: 726

The book deals with central issues of Alexander’s reign including his depiction in ancient literature and art, his treatment of Greeks, Macedonians, and Asians, the military, political, social and cultural aspects of his campaign, and his legacy in ancient philosophy as well as in modern Balkan communities.
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Paradigms of Manhood and Their Cultural Traditions

Author: Ada Cohen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521769043

Category: Architecture

Page: 398

View: 8832

"Simultaneously historical and thematic, this book studies an important period in Greek art, the late Classical and earely Hellenistic, especially the reigns of Philip II, his famous son Alexander the Great, and their successors. It focuses on the three traditionally "masculine" themes of warfare, hunting, and the abduction of women. All three show a preoccupation with the pictorial celebration of violence and draw analogies among the ideological categories "enemy, " "animal, " and "women." The book explores the ways in which masculine and feminine identities were usually constructed and communicated"--Provided by publisher.
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Author: Konrad H. Kinzl

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405172010

Category: History

Page: 632

View: 9358

This Companion provides scholarly yet accessible new interpretations of Greek history of the Classical period, from the aftermath of the Persian Wars in 478 B.C. to the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C. Topics covered range from the political and institutional structures of Greek society, to literature, art, economics, society, warfare, geography and the environment Discusses the problems of interpreting the various sources for the period Guides the reader towards a broadly-based understanding of the history of the Classical Age
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Farms, Families, and Death in the Middle Republic

Author: Nathan Rosenstein

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807864102

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 7278

Historians have long asserted that during and after the Hannibalic War, the Roman Republic's need to conscript men for long-term military service helped bring about the demise of Italy's small farms and that the misery of impoverished citizens then became fuel for the social and political conflagrations of the late republic. Nathan Rosenstein challenges this claim, showing how Rome reconciled the needs of war and agriculture throughout the middle republic. The key, Rosenstein argues, lies in recognizing the critical role of family formation. By analyzing models of families' needs for agricultural labor over their life cycles, he shows that families often had a surplus of manpower to meet the demands of military conscription. Did, then, Roman imperialism play any role in the social crisis of the later second century B.C.? Rosenstein argues that Roman warfare had critical demographic consequences that have gone unrecognized by previous historians: heavy military mortality paradoxically helped sustain a dramatic increase in the birthrate, ultimately leading to overpopulation and landlessness.
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kleine Schriften von Hansgerd Göckenjan

Author: Hansgerd Göckenjan,Eberhard Winkler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mongols

Page: 589

View: 9460

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Author: Melinda K. Hartwig

Publisher: Brepols Pub

ISBN: 9782503513157

Category: Art

Page: 275

View: 9727

Tomb Painting and Identity in Ancient Thebes, 1419-1372 BCE examines the style, iconography, and symbolism of painting in all extant private Theban tomb chapels decorated during the reigns of Thutmose IV and Amenhotep III. The book studies the ways in which pictorial imagery functioned on behalf of the dead in the afterlife, presented their identity to the living, and revealed underlying religious developments with important societal implications. Various aspects of the pre-Amarna Theban tomb are explored, from the tomb's purpose as a creative and commemorative vehicle for the deceased to the placement and functional properties of its imagery. The book also discusses the different styles of painting in the chapels of state and religious officials and how these styles reveal workshop organization and "patronage" practices in Thebes. The majority of the book is dedicated to the iconography of the functioning image in the tomb chapel, its reception, and its purpose as a bridge between what was represented and what was signified, between the mundane and the sacred, and between the living and the dead. Particular attention is paid to the iconography on the "western" back walls of the transverse hall in T-shaped tomb chapels, walls that held aesthetic, cultic, and symbolic significance to the ancient Egyptians. On these walls as well as the northern or southern long wall in rectangular tomb chapels, iconography and text commemorated the deceased's personal and professional identity, projected this identity into the hereafter, and contained key components for the tomb owner's rebirth. The eternal well-being of the deceased was secured through the iconography of gift giving that also mirrored religious trends that permeated society. Tomb Painting and Identity in Ancient Thebes, 1419-1372 BCE addresses Theban tomb painting and its underlying creative and commemorative properties as a medium of regeneration, preservation, and display on behalf of the tomb owner and the world of which he was a part.
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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropological linguistics

Page: N.A

View: 2115

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Author: Averil Cameron

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh

ISBN: 9783515107976

Category: History

Page: 121

View: 2094

Konnten Christen 'Dialoge fuhren'? Mit dieser Frage verknupft Averil Cameron ein starkes Pladoyer fur eine intensivere Auseinandersetzung mit einer Gattung christlicher Literatur, die in der Spatantike eine ungeheure Produktivitat entfaltete. Dialoge und Debatten, die sich gegen Haretiker, Juden, Manichaer und spater gegen Muslime richteten, fuhrten zu einer neuen Blute der antiken Dialogform und nicht zu deren Ende, wie haufig gegenteilig behauptet wurde. So vielseitig wie die unterschiedlichen Anlasse waren auch die Formen der Debatten, die haufig in todernster Absicht gefuhrt wurden. Averil Cameron behandelt die Dialoge als Teil der christlichen Literatur, um sie hinsichtlich ihrer gesellschaftlichen Dynamik und ihrer intellektuellen und literarischen Leistung zu untersuchen. Mit seinem Anmerkungsapparat und ausfuhrlichem Literaturverzeichnis ist der Band auch als Einfuhrung in einen lohnenswerten und wichtigen Forschungsbereich geeignet.
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Schilderungen und Darstellungen von Natur im Alten Orient und in der griechischen Antike

Author: Florian Schimpf,Dominik Berrens,Katharina Hillenbrand,Carrie Schidlo,Tim Brandes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781784918255

Category: Excavations

Page: 262

View: 2920

Everyone who investigates pre-modern concepts of nature cannot avoid a critical reflection on the ancient understandings of it. Here, "nature" is understood in the sense of a seemingly untouched space, largely independent of human culture. While this concept of "nature" is prevalent in modern times, the reconstruction of ancient ideas is difficult in that concepts of nature, if at all present, emphasize other aspects. For example, the Greek term φύσις in pre-Hellenistic times defines the nature of a thing rather than an untouched environment. A word for "nature" in this sense has not been handed down to us in the remaining texts of the Ancient Near East and Classical Antiquity. Nevertheless, such concepts can certainly be reconstructed from descriptions of nature to be found in literature and the representations of natural elements in art. The present volume aims at identifying these concepts of nature in texts as well as in archaeological remains of the Ancient Near Eastern and the Greek culture from the Archaic to the Hellenistic period. Contributions from the fields of archaeology and philology are juxtaposed for each time period in chronological order. This arrangement provides a good overview of the concepts of nature prevailing throughout different period and cultures. | Der Begriff ,,Natur" wird in modernen, mitteleuropäischen Gesellschaften meist im Sinne eines vermeintlich unberührten Raumes verstanden, der weitgehend unbeeinflusst von menschlicher Kultur ist. Für vormoderne Kulturen lassen sich solche Vorstellungen bzw. Konzepte sehr viel schwieriger nachweisen, da beispielsweise ein Wort für ,,Natur" mit der eben genannten Bedeutung in den erhaltenen Texten des Alten Orients und der griechischen Antike so nicht überliefert zu sein scheint. Gleichwohl werden durchaus Naturelemente in der antiken Literatur, der Flächenkunst sowie in antiken Monumenten beschrieben bzw. abgebildet sowie als integrative Bestandteile genutzt und funktionalisiert. Daraus lassen sich Konzepte von ,,Natur" herausarbeiten und rekonstruieren. Der vorliegende Band möchte solche ,,Naturkonzepte" in Texten, Artefakten und Denkmälern des Alten Orients und des griechischen Kulturraumes von der Archaik bis in den Hellenismus identifizieren und einen Überblick über die jeweils in einem bestimmten Zeit- und Kulturraum vorherrschenden Vorstellungen sowie deren diachrone Entwicklung geben.
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bollettino bibliografico della cultura europea da Boezio a Erasmo (secoli VI - XV)

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Europe

Page: N.A

View: 6378

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Von der Eiszeit bis zur globalen Erwärmung

Author: Wolfgang Behringer

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406625053

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 5975

Zum Buch Alle sprechen vom Wetter. Darüber, wie es werden wird, gibt es derzeit mehr Voraussagen als je zuvor. Aber was wissen wir über Klimaschwankungen vor 500 oder vor 5000 Jahren? Wie können wir überhaupt etwas über die Geschichte des Wetters herausfinden? Schließlich: Wie haben sich die Klimaschwankungen der Vergangenheit auf den Menschen, seine Lebensweise und seine Kultur ausgewirkt? Der Historiker Wolfgang Behringer erschließt uns in einem faszinierenden Streifzug, was wir über Klimaänderungen und ihre kulturellen Konsequenzen vom Holozän bis ins 21. Jahrhundert wissen. Er führt uns ein in die historische Forschung zur Klimaentwicklung und zeigt uns, welche Schwankungen es gab und wie sie das Fortkommen des Homo sapiens behinderten oder beförderten. Sein spannendes Buch führt uns plastisch vor Augen, mit welchen Schwierigkeiten, manchmal aber auch mit welch angenehmen Wetterepochen unsere Vorfahren konfrontiert waren und wie sie damit umgingen. Das lehrt uns nicht zuletzt Mut zu fassen, den Klimawandel als die Herausforderung unserer Gegenwart zu begreifen und in einem besseren Sinne als bisher zu beeinflussen.
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