A Manifesto for Freedom

Author: David Boaz

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1476752877

Category: Political Science

Page: 432

View: 7223

A revised, updated, and retitled edition of David Boaz’s classic book Libertarianism: A Primer, which was praised as uniting “history, philosophy, economics and law—spiced with just the right anecdotes—to bring alive a vital tradition of American political thought that deserves to be honored today” (Richard A. Epstein, University of Chicago). Libertarianism—the philosophy of personal and economic freedom—has deep roots in Western civilization and in American history, and it’s growing stronger. Two long wars, chronic deficits, the financial crisis, the costly drug war, the campaigns of Ron Paul and Rand Paul, the growth of executive power under Presidents Bush and Obama, and the revelations about NSA abuses have pushed millions more Americans in a libertarian direction. Libertarianism: A Primer, by David Boaz, the longtime executive vice president of the Cato Institute, continues to be the best available guide to the history, ideas, and growth of this increasingly important political movement—and now it has been updated throughout and with a new title: The Libertarian Mind. Boaz has updated the book with new information on the threat of government surveillance; the policies that led up to and stemmed from the 2008 financial crisis; corruption in Washington; and the unsustainable welfare state. The Libertarian Mind is the ultimate resource for the current, burgeoning libertarian movement.
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Critical Readings for American Government

Author: Mark Caleb Smith,Jewerl Maxwell,Marc Clauson,Kevin Sims,David Rich,Andrew Travis

Publisher: Sheffield Publishing

ISBN: 1879215586

Category: Political Science

Page: 440

View: 2693

"To understand American government is, at minimum, to recognize religion's profound influence on our culture and, by extension, our politics." So state the editors of this outstanding collection of 55 readings that survey the function and purpose of American government from its founding to the present. Rendering to God and Caesar is mostly comprised of primary sources, including founding documents, Supreme Court cases, and momentous speeches. Grouped into six unifying sections with introductions that tie the individual works together and point to their significance, each article is introduced as well by brief comments to highlight specific features or issues. Designed to whet the reader's appetite for exploring the rich American governmental heritage-from The Mayflower Compact and excerpts from the writing of de Tocqueville and Rothbard to commentary about civil liberties and Barack Obama's speech about his own understanding of how religion should influence politics-the collection is sure to generate controversy and lead to lively classroom discussion.
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A Philosophical Anthology

Author: Mr Joel Buenting

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409480704

Category: Religion

Page: 246

View: 7072

How can a perfectly good God justifiably damn anyone to hell? This is one version of the problem of hell. The problem of hell has become one of the most widely discussed topics in contemporary philosophy of religion. This anthology brings together contributions by contemporary philosophers whose work shapes the current debate.
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Author: Colin Bird

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521641289

Category: Philosophy

Page: 223

View: 419

This powerful and interesting study challenges the traditional 'individualist' definition of liberal political ideas.
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Author: Ellen Frankel Paul,Fred D. Miller, Jr,Jeffrey Paul

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521649919

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 448

View: 3528

These essays assess market liberal or libertarian political theory. They provide insights into the limits of government, develop market-oriented solutions to pressing social problems, and explore some defects in traditional libertarian theory and practice. Some of the essays deal with crucial theoretical issues, asking whether the promotion of citizens' welfare can serve as the justification for the establishment of government, or inquiring into the constraints on individual behavior that exist in a liberal social order. Some essays explore market liberal or libertarian positions on specific public policy issues, such as affirmative action, ownership of the airwaves, the provision of healthcare, or the regulation of food and drugs. Other essays look at property rights, the morality of profit-making, or the provision of public goods. Still others address libertarianism as a political movement, suggesting ways in which libertarians can reach out to those who do not share their views.
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Author: Walter Block

Publisher: Ludwig von Mises Institute

ISBN: 1610166299

Category: Philosophy

Page: 220

View: 7046

Walter Block has for decades been one of the most effective and indefatigable defenders of libertarianism. One feature in his writing stands out, from his classic Defending the Undefendable to the present. He consistently applies the principles of libertarianism to every situation in a bold and original way. Readers of Toward a Libertarian Society, a collection of his articles from lewrockwell.com, will find this feature abundantly on display. Block believes that libertarianism has three components: foreign policy, economic policy, and policies on personal liberties. He devotes a separate part of the book to each of these components. In foreign affairs, Block is a resolute non-interventionist. He is an anarchist who rejects the state altogether; but, so long as a state exists, it should confine its foreign policy to defense against invasion. Doing so is in line with the tradition of Washington and John Quincy Adams. In our own day, Ron Paul has been the foremost champion of non-intervention; and Paul has few, if any, more ardent advocates than Walter Block. In economic policy, Block defends the free market against all types of interference. One issue especially concerns him: the activities of labor unions. Against union advocates, Block emphasizes that wages depend on workers’ marginal productivity. Block is equally decisive in macroeconomics. He calls for the total abolition of the Fed. Block, never one to avoid controversy, argues that much in the contemporary feminist movement is antithetical to libertarianism. Readers will learn his views about abortion, stem-cell research, and punishment theory. He is a firm advocate of the possibility and desirability of political secession. Reading Toward a Libertarian Society is the equivalent of a college course in libertarianism, taught by a master teacher.
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Author: Henry Sidgwick

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108040365

Category: Law

Page: 634

View: 8576

Published in 1874, this is first edition of Sidgwick's masterpiece on moral philosophy, arguing the utilitarian approach to ethics.
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The Rhetoric of Economic Correctness

Author: James Arnt Aune

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781572307575

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 217

View: 1396

While accusations of "political correctness" are frequently raised aga inst liberals, there has been surprisingly little discussion of how co nservatives foment the use of their own "economically correct" languag e. In this engaging book, James Arnt Aune examines how the rhetoric of the free market has become the everyday language of political debate in America and around the world. He illuminates the inner logic of fre e-market ideas, using rhetorical theory as an analytical tool. In the process, Aune confronts head on what he sees as the most serious flaw of economic correctnessyits destructive impact on the lives of million s of working people and families.
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Elements of a Constructivist Theory of Justice

Author: Rainer Forst

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231519583

Category: Philosophy

Page: 384

View: 686

Contemporary philosophical pluralism recognizes the inevitability and legitimacy of multiple ethical perspectives and values, making it difficult to isolate the higher-order principles on which to base a theory of justice. Rising up to meet this challenge, Rainer Forst, a leading member of the Frankfurt School's newest generation of philosophers, conceives of an "autonomous" construction of justice founded on what he calls the basic moral right to justification. Forst begins by identifying this right from the perspective of moral philosophy. Then, through an innovative, detailed critical analysis, he ties together the central components of social and political justice freedom, democracy, equality, and toleration and joins them to the right to justification. The resulting theory treats "justificatory power" as the central question of justice, and by adopting this approach, Forst argues, we can discursively work out, or "construct," principles of justice, especially with respect to transnational justice and human rights issues. As he builds his theory, Forst engages with the work of Anglo-American philosophers such as John Rawls, Ronald Dworkin, and Amartya Sen, and critical theorists such as Jürgen Habermas, Nancy Fraser, and Axel Honneth. Straddling multiple subjects, from politics and law to social protest and philosophical conceptions of practical reason, Forst brilliantly gathers contesting claims around a single, elastic theory of justice.
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A Critical Examination of Libertarian Paternalism

Author: Riccardo Rebonato

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230391559

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 293

View: 6646

Libertarian Paternalists claim to have reconciled two radically different perspectives, offering a "Third Way" for contemporary democratic governments. In this book, Riccardo Rebonato offers a critical exploration of a philosophy which has taken the political landscape by storm, counting the US and UK administrations amongst its followers.Taking Liberties examines the justification behind the different tools that are being used to modify individual behavior, and it demonstrates that these approaches are not only insidious and deeply manipulative, but that they can have unintended consequences. More importantly, Rebonato poses the concerning question: in the event that the state's objectives do not coincide with the objectives of the individual, who monitors the state?
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The Morality of Government Intervention

Author: Peter King

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113469976X

Category: Architecture

Page: 192

View: 2827

Can the state solve housing problems or does it create them? This book explores the question by combining a detailed critique of contemporary housing policy with a philisophical analysis of the role of the state and individuals. Examining the state's role as controller and funder of housing, the author contends that the state is not capable of planning and controlling a sustainable housing policy.
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A New Answer for Our Broken Education System

Author: Ron Paul

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 1455577162

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 8601

Twelve-term Texas Congressman, Presidential candidate, and #1 New York Times bestselling author Ron Paul returns with a highly provocative treatise about how we need to fundamentally change the way we think about America's broken education system in order to fix it. Whether or not you have children, you know that education is vital to the prosperity and future of our society. Yet our current system simply doesn't work. Parents feel increasingly powerless, and nearly half of Americans give our schools a grade of "C". Now, in his new book, Ron Paul attacks the problem head-on and provides a focused solution that centers on strong support for home schooling and the application of free market principles to the American education system. Examining the history of education in this country, Dr. Paul identifies where we've gone wrong, what we can do about it, and how we can change the way we think about education in order to provide a brighter future for Americans.
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Essays on the Thought of H. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.

Author: Brendan P. Minogue,Gabriel Palmer-Fernandez,J.E. Reagan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401155305

Category: Philosophy

Page: 312

View: 3623

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Distributing the Benefits and Detriments of Democratic Society

Author: Thomas Kleven

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 0739184377

Category: Political Science

Page: 286

View: 532

In Equitable Sharing: Distributing the Benefits and Detriments of Democratic Society, Thomas Kleven argues that a principle of equitable sharing is fundamental to the concept of democracy and is implicit in the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution. Kleven makes the case that the Supreme Court, interacting with the public and the legislature, has a meaningful role to play in the dialogue over the requirements of equitable sharing and can play this role in a manner consistent with democratic principles.
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Author: Randolph Clarke,Randolph K. Clarke

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195306422

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 6546

This comprehensive study offers a balanced assessment of libertarian accounts of free will. Bringing to bear recent work on action, causation, and causal explanation, Clarke defends a type of event-causal view from popular objections concerning rationality and diminished control. He subtly explores the extent to which event-causal accounts can secure the things for the sake of which we value free will, judging their success here to be limited. Clarke then sets out a highly original agent-causal account, one that integrates agent causation and nondeterministic event causation. He defends this view from a number of objections but argues that we should find the substance causation required by any agent-causal account to be impossible. Clarke concludes that if a broad thesis of incompatibilism is correct--one on which both free will and moral responsibility are incompatible with determinism--then no libertarian account is entirely adequate.
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The Miseducation of the American Elite and the Way to a Meaningful Life

Author: William Deresiewicz

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 147670273X

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 6398

A groundbreaking manifesto about what our nation’s top schools should be—but aren’t—providing: “The ex-Yale professor effectively skewers elite colleges, their brainy but soulless students (those ‘sheep’), pushy parents, and admissions mayhem” (People). As a professor at Yale, William Deresiewicz saw something that troubled him deeply. His students, some of the nation’s brightest minds, were adrift when it came to the big questions: how to think critically and creatively and how to find a sense of purpose. Now he argues that elite colleges are turning out conformists without a compass. Excellent Sheep takes a sharp look at the high-pressure conveyor belt that begins with parents and counselors who demand perfect grades and culminates in the skewed applications Deresiewicz saw firsthand as a member of Yale’s admissions committee. As schools shift focus from the humanities to “practical” subjects like economics, students are losing the ability to think independently. It is essential, says Deresiewicz, that college be a time for self-discovery, when students can establish their own values and measures of success in order to forge their own paths. He features quotes from real students and graduates he has corresponded with over the years, candidly exposing where the system is broken and offering clear solutions on how to fix it. “Excellent Sheep is likely to make…a lasting mark….He takes aim at just about the entirety of upper-middle-class life in America….Mr. Deresiewicz’s book is packed full of what he wants more of in American life: passionate weirdness” (The New York Times).
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Author: Alexander Mitjashin

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443807060

Category: Philosophy

Page: 225

View: 2037

The book Liberalism and Skepticism is devoted to political philosophy. It argues that there are very solid grounds to infer that libertarianism, as political order is able to provide more efficient decision-making than any other conceivable order. Methods that have been applied to support this idea turn out to be appropriate for the theory of knowledge, which points out the link between knowledge acquiring itself and the political order. Among the issues discussed in the book are Hume’s and Cartesian skepticism, theory of mind as it is understood within the conception held in the book, Nozick’s and Hayek’s libertarianism, the concept of manipulability of the social choice theory, the cause of Nazis coming to power, and many other themes.
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Author: John Hartley,Jean Burgess,Axel Bruns

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119000866

Category: Social Science

Page: 520

View: 4838

A Companion to New Media Dynamics presents a state-of-the-art collection of multidisciplinary readings that examine the origins, evolution, and cultural underpinnings of the media of the digital age in terms of dynamic change Presents a state-of-the-art collection of original readings relating to new media in terms of dynamic change Features interdisciplinary contributions encompassing the sciences, social sciences, humanities and creative arts Addresses a wide range of issues from the ownership and regulation of new media to their form and cultural uses Provides readers with a glimpse of new media dynamics at three levels of scale: the 'macro' or system level; the 'meso' or institutional level; and 'micro' or agency level
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Philosophy and Food

Author: Elizabeth Telfer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113478452X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 144

View: 4858

Looking at the philosophical issues raised by food this short and accessible book questions the place food should have in our individual lives. It shows how traditional philosophy and its classic texts can illuminate an everyday subject.
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The Politics of Natural Rights

Author: Mark D. Friedman

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472573420

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 6128

Robert Nozick's Anarchy, State, and Utopia is widely recognized as one of the most influential works of modern political philosophy. Libertarian Philosophy in the Real World not only provides a concise and accessible introduction to Nozick's ideal rights-based, minimal libertarian state, but for the first time applies this moral framework to America's liberal democracy. Mark D. Friedman clearly presents Nozick's arguments for natural rights, showing that his theory undermines the very idea of social justice, and enables libertarians to rebut the most common objections to their doctrine. The book delivers a withering moral critique of the American welfare state, with chapters devoted to property rights, freedom of expression and association, paternalism, and the state's intervention in discrete aspects of modern life such as public education and healthcare. Friedman argues that reducing the liberal democratic state to its core functions would not produce the sort of moral catastrophe that might make us reconsider our commitment to individual rights. So, what is to be done? Friedman concludes with effective argumentative strategies for moving American politics in a more libertarian direction. Ideal for undergraduates and above studying political philosophy, political science, political ideology, rights and public policy, this text provides crucial insights into libertarian theory and its application.
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