An Opportunity Perspective

Author: Michael L. Benson,Sally S. Simpson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135197355X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 276

View: 7453

White-Collar Crime: An Opportunity Perspective analyzes white-collar crime within a coherent theoretical framework. Using the opportunity perspective, which assumes that all crimes depend on offenders recognizing an opportunity to commit an offense, the authors uncover the processes and situational conditions that facilitate white-collar crimes. In addition, they offer potential solutions to this persistent and widespread social problem without being reductive in their treatment of the difficulties of control. With this third edition, Benson and Simpson have added substantive online teaching materials and expanded their coverage with up-to-date case studies and discussions of recent investigations into white-collar crime and control. These timely updates reaffirm this accessible and rigorous book as a core resource for courses on white-collar crime.
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An Opportunity Perspective

Author: Michael L. Benson,Sally S. Simpson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134487649

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 314

View: 1305

Unlike other books of its kind, Understanding White-Collar Crime: An Opportunity Perspective uses a coherent theoretical perspective in its coverage of white-collar crime. Using opportunity perspective, or the assumption that all crimes depend on offenders having some sort of opportunity to commit an offense, allows the authors to uncover the processes leading up to white-collar crimes and offer potential solutions to this rampant issue, without being reductive in their treatment of the topic. With this second edition, Benson and Simpson have greatly expanded their coverage to include new case studies, substantive materials, and an annotated appendix of online resources to make this a core book for courses on white-collar crime.
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An Introduction

Author: Michael L. Benson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415994926

Category: Law

Page: 239

View: 1978

In recent years, the lifecourse perspective has become a popular theoretical orientation toward crime. Yet despite its growing importance in the field of criminology, most textbooks give it only cursory treatment. Crime and the Lifecourse: An Introduction by Michael L. Benson provides a comprehensive overview of contemporary research and theory on the life-course approach to crime. The book emphasizes a conceptual understanding of this approach. A special feature is the integration of qualitative and quantitative research on criminal life histories. This book: provides an overview of the life course approach and describes the major concepts and issues in lifecourse theory as it applies to criminology reviews evidence on biological and genetic influences on crime reviews research on the role of the family in crime and juvenile delinquency provides a detailed discussion of the criminological lifecourse theories of Moffitt, Hagan, Sampson and Laub, and others discusses the connections between youthful crime and adult outcomes in education, occupation, and marriage presents an application of the lifecourse approach to white-collar crime discusses how macro sociological and historical developments have influenced the shape of the lifecourse in American society as it relates to patterns in crime.
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Author: Francis T. Cullen,Pamela Wilcox

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412959187

Category: Social Science

Page: 1176

View: 560

For a free 30-day online trial to this title, visit www.sagepub.com/freetrial This two-volume set is designed to serve as a reference source for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary criminological theory. Drawing together a team of international scholars, it examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them, presenting them in a context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. The work provides essays on cutting-edge research as well as concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Topics include contexts and concepts in criminological theory, the social construction of crime, policy implications of theory, diversity and intercultural contexts, conflict theory, rational choice theories, conservative criminology, feminist theory, and more. Key ThemesThe Classical School of CriminologyThe Positivist School of CriminologyEarly American Theories of CrimeBiological and Biosocial Theories of CrimePsychological Theories of CrimeThe Chicago School of CriminologyCultural and Learning Theories of CrimeAnomie and Strain Theories of Crime and DevianceControl Theories of CrimeLabeling and Interactionist Theories of CrimeTheories of the Criminal SanctionConflict, Radical, and Critical Theories of CrimeFeminist and Gender-Specific Theories of CrimeChoice and Opportunity Theories of CrimeMacro-Level/ Community Theories of CrimeLife-Course and Developmental Theories of CrimeIntegrated Theories of CrimeTheories of White-Collar and Corporate CrimeContemporary Gang TheoriesTheories of Prison Behavior and InsurgencyTheories of Fear and Concern About Crime
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Author: Neal Shover,Andrew Hochstetler

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139445245

Category: Social Science

Page: N.A

View: 7968

For more than three decades, rational-choice theory has reigned as the dominant approach both for interpreting crime and as underpinning for crime-control programs. Although it has been applied to an array of street crimes, white-collar crime and those who commit it have thus far received less attention. Choosing White-Collar Crime is a systematic application of rational-choice theory to problems of explaining and controlling white-collar crime. It distinguishes ordinary and upperworld white-collar crime and presents reasons theoretically for believing that both have increased substantially in recent decades. Reasons for the increase include the growing supply of white-collar lure and non-credible oversight. Choosing White-Collar Crime also examines criminal decision making by white-collar criminals and their criminal careers. The book concludes with reasons for believing that problems of white-collar crime will continue unchecked in the increasingly global economy and calls for strengthened citizen movements to rein in the increases.
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Author: Sally S. Simpson,David Weisburd

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387095020

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 4888

The book will synthesize and integrate better what are often disparate ideas, themes, and methods across substantive areas of white-collar crime and criminology and criminal justice. The book also puts together critical and emerging topics within criminology and criminal justice that have important implications for the study of white-collar crime and criminology/criminal justice more generally.
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Organizational and Global Perspectives

Author: Assistant Professor of Sociology Mathieu Deflem,Mathieu Deflem

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135280517

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 1295

This book offers an analysis of the policing of terrorism in a variety of national and international contexts. Centered on developments since the events of September 11, 2001, the study devotes its empirical attention to important police aspects of counter-terrorism in the United States and additionally extends its range comparatively to other nations, including Israel and Iraq, and to the global level of international police organizations such as Interpol and Europol. Situated in the criminology of terrorism and counter-terrorism, this book offers a fascinating look into the contemporary organization of law enforcement against terrorism, which will significantly influence the conditions of global security in the foreseeable future.
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Author: Shanna R. Van Slyke,Shanna Van Slyke,Michael L. Benson,Francis T. Cullen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199925518

Category: Law

Page: 719

View: 6765

Although white-collar crime has caused a substantial amount of damage on both the individual and societal levels, it often ranks below street crime as a matter of public concern. Thus, white-collar crime remains an ambiguous and even controversial topic among academics, with a relative dearth of scholarly focus on the issue. The Oxford Handbook of White-Collar Crime offers a comprehensive treatment of the most up-to-date theories and research regarding white-collar crime. Contributors tackle a vast range of topics, including the impact of white-collar crime, the contexts in which white-collar crime occurs, current crime policies and debates, and examinations of the criminals themselves. The volume concludes with a set of essays that discuss potential responses for controlling white-collar crime, as well as promising new avenues for future research. Uniting conceptual theories, empirical research, and ethnographic data, the Handbook provides the first unified analytic framework on white-collar crime. Given the astronomical aggregate losses to victims, building a more nuanced understanding of the dynamics of white-collar crime is a topic of immediate social concern. The definitive resource on white-collar crime, this Handbook will be a valuable resource for developing both intellectual and policy-related solutions.
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Author: Marcus Felson,Mary Eckert

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483384705

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 9540

Crime and Everyday Life, Fifth Edition, offers a bold approach to crime theory and crime reduction. The text shows how crime opportunity is a necessary condition for illegal acts to occur. The authors offer realistic, often common-sense, ways to reduce or eliminate crime and criminal behavior in specific settings by removing the opportunity to complete the act. Using a clear and engaging writing style, author Marcus Felson and new co-author Mary Eckert talk directly to the student about criminal behavior, the routine activity approach, and specific crime reduction ideas. The authors emphasize how routine daily activities set the stage for illegal acts -- offering fascinating new ideas and examples not presented in earlier editions. Most importantly, this book teaches the student how to think about crime, and then do something about it.
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Context and Consequences

Author: J. Robert Lilly,Francis T. Cullen,Richard A. Ball

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483321878

Category: Social Science

Page: 568

View: 1071

Offering a rich introduction to how scholars analyze crime, Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences moves readers beyond a commonsense knowledge of crime to a deeper understanding of the importance of theory in shaping crime control policies. The Sixth Edition of the authors’ clear, accessible, and thoroughly revised text covers traditional and contemporary theory within a larger sociological and historical context. J. Robert Lilly, Francis T. Cullen, and Richard A. Ball include new sources that assess the empirical status of the major theories, as well as updated coverage of crime control policies and their connection to criminological theory.
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Author: Geoff Smith,Mark Button,Les Johnston,Kwabena Frimpong

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137285192

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 982

Whether it takes place in the corridors of power, the business board-room or via your email inbox, fraud influences our daily lives. It costs governments worldwide billions per year and is often thought to have a far greater reach across society than any other criminal offence. This book examines and exposes fraud as one of the most devastating white collar crimes faced by society today. Studying Fraud as White Collar Crime is an engaging introduction to the diverse, serious and often overlooked crime of fraud. The book: • carefully introduces key terms and concepts; • examines the difficulty of defining and tackling fraud; • uses handy crime snapshots that show fraud in action; • delves into detailed analysis of real life scenarios in case study chapters; • shows how fraud works at individual, organizational and transnational levels. From fraud prevention and regulation to Ponzi schemes and insider trading, the book covers a broad range of issues and debates in a clear and accessible way. This wide ranging view of fraud is an indispensable introduction to a complex topic for all students of criminology, sociology and law.
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A Text/Reader

Author: Brian K. Payne

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483341437

Category: Social Science

Page: 720

View: 9774

White-Collar Crime: A Text/Reader, part of the text/reader series in criminology and criminal justice incorporates contemporary and classic readings (some including policy implications) accompanied by original text that provides a theoretical framework and context for students. The comprehensive coverage of the book includes crimes by workers sales oriented systems, crimes in the health care system, crimes by criminal justice professionals and politicians, crimes in the educational system, crimes in the economic and technological systems, crimes by employees in the housing industry, corporate crime, environmental crime, explanations of white-collar crime, the police and court responses to white-collar crime, and the corrections sub-system and white-collar crime. Features of the book include key points, in focus box inserts, discussion questions, section summaries, and photos.
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Evaluation of Fraud Examinations

Author: Petter Gottschalk

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319689169

Category: Social Science

Page: 265

View: 7932

This book examines internal fraud investigations in public and private organizations. It provides a theoretical framework of white-collar crime and convenience theory, to examine a number of case studies, including some cases brought to light by the Panama Papers. Investigating white-collar crime is distinguished from other types of crime by: concealment of the crime rather than the criminal, victims who may be unaware of the crime and not directly visible to the criminal, and the resources available to suspects. It requires a unique strategy and a unique set of tools. This work provides insight into a number of internal investigation reports that are normally not publicly available. It will be of interest to researchers in criminology and criminal justice, particularly with an interest in white collar crime and corruption, as well as related fields such as business, management, economics, and public administration.
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Author: David Weisburd,Elin Waring

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521777636

Category: Social Science

Page: 189

View: 1805

Weisburd and Waring offer here the first detailed examination of the white-collar criminal career.
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Liebe, Geld und Tod im Herzen des organisierten Verbrechens

Author: Federico Varese

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406700470

Category: Political Science

Page: 335

View: 2072

Was würden Sie tun, wenn Sie das Gefühl haben, dass Ihr Chef Sie gern loswerden möchte, in Ihrem Unternehmen aber leider die übliche Form der Entlassung nicht die Kündigung, sondern die Ermordung ist? Halten Sie es für besonders klug, einem Mafioso, der für seine Brutalität bekannt ist, ein Paket mit faulen Anleihen anzudrehen? Oder Ihrer Frau auszuplaudern, wer alles bei der Cosa Nostra nach Ihrer Pfeife tanzt, um Eindruck zu schinden? Federico Varese berichtet in seinem spannenden Buch vom Leben und Sterben der Mafiosi, das er so nah und privat erkundet hat wie kaum jemand vor ihm. Die Mafia ist eine verschlossene Welt voller Gewalt und Härte, in die kein Außenstehender je Einblick bekommt. Hinter den Mauern des Schweigens aber gibt es eine Gemeinschaft mit eigenen Regeln und Werten – und es gibt das Mafia-Leben. Federico Varese hat sich tief ins Herz des organisierten Verbrechens gewagt und kennt Gangster in Italien, Russland, Hongkong und Japan. Sein Buch gibt einen intimen Einblick in die Lebensweise der Mafiosi: die bizarren Rituale und schmutzigen Geschäfte, das Familienleben und den beruflichen Stress, das Sexualleben und die unerfreulichen Todesarten jener Männer, die zu den gefährlichsten Menschen der Welt gehören.
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Author: Shlomo Giora Shoham,Ori Beck,Martin Kett

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420053883

Category: Law

Page: 800

View: 5198

At the outset of the twenty-first century, more than 9 million people are held in custody in over 200 countries around the world. --from the essay "Prisons and Jails" by Ron King The first comparative study of this increasingly integral social subject, International Handbook of Penology and Criminal Justice provides a comprehensive and balanced review of the philosophy and practicality of punishment. Drawn from the expertise of scholars and researchers from around the world, this book covers the theory, practice, history, and empirical evidence surrounding crime prevention, identification, retribution, and incarceration. It analyzes the efficacy of both traditional methods and thinking as well as novel concepts and approaches. Beginning with a study of the changing attitude of penal practice in Florida from one of offender transformation to one of risk-management, imprisonment, surveillance, and control, this volume embarks on an objective and sober appraisal of every aspect of the field. Contributions consider the sociology of incarcerated prisoners including the increasing prevalence of prison suicides. The book evaluates arguments regarding the world-wide abolition of capitol punishment from moral, utilitarian, and practical positions. It examines non-incarcerative and alternative punishments such as financial restoration and restrictions of liberty, as well as the positive effects of Victim Offender Mediation. It also considers several methods aimed at achieving measurable crime prevention including identifying at-risk juveniles and minimizing crimes of opportunity, as well as the pros and cons of employing the coercive power of police. Further essays consider subjects such as international policing, the roles of prosecution and defense attorneys, current discretionary sentencing practices, and the role and treatment of victims. The volume concludes with two chapters of case studies that provide a "hands-on" feel for the interplay of the concepts discussed. This volume is the first in a three-part trilogy. See also The International Handbook of Victimology and The International Handbook of Criminology.
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Internationale Klimapolitik für das 21. Jahrhundert

Author: Sebastian Oberthür,Hermann E. Ott

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663014347

Category: Social Science

Page: 443

View: 656

Die internationale Klimapolitik ist an einem Wendepunkt angekommen. Die Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls ist ein großer Schritt in dem Versuch der Menschheit, die schädlichen Folgen des Klimawandels zu begrenzen. Dieses Buch, geschrieben von zwei deutschen Experten, erklärt die naturwissenschaftlichen, ökonomischen sowie politischen Bedingungen desTreibhauseffekts und erläutert die Hintergründe der Annahme des Kyoto-Protokolls. Das Buch analysiert in seinem Mittelteil den Vertragstext im Stile eines Gesetzeskommentars, nennt die offenen Fragen und gibt mögliche Antworten für die Weiterentwicklung der Normen. In einem dritten Teil werden Schlussfolgerungen gezogen, die politische Landschaft nach Kyoto beleuchtet und eine Leadership-Initiative für die Europäische Union vorgestellt, um die Handlungsmacht gegenüber den USA wieder zu erlangen.
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